Anthony Cave Brown
Anthony Cave Brown (1929–2006) was an English-American journalist, espionage non-fiction writer and historian.
Anthony Cave Brown was born on 21 March 1929 in Bath, and moved to London as a boy, stuffing propaganda leaflets into bombs meant for Nazi Germany towards the end of World War II. He was educated at Luton Grammar School, and joined the Royal Air Force for his national service, working as a photographer.
Cave Brown began his reporting career in Luton and Bristol before moving to Fleet Street in the mid-1950s where he joined the Daily Mail. During the late 1950s he covered the Hungarian uprising (in 1956) and the Algerian War of Independence. In 1958 he was awarded Reporter of the Year. Cave Brown secured the first Western interview with Egyptian president, Gamel Abdel Nasser, and was a frequent drinking companion of Kim Philby in the Middle East prior to the latter's 1963 defection to the Soviet Union. He also interviewed the dissident Soviet writer Boris Pasternak, who at the time was under surveillance, in 1959. He subsequently smuggled two of Pasternak's poems back to the UK, one of which was immediately published in the Daily Mail.
Cave Brown earned a reputation as an adventurous cutting-edge reporter, but developed something of an extravagant lifestyle, and often left behind large unpaid bills on his foreign trips, according to colleagues. He rode on the first nuclear-powered submarine, and travelled to the South Pole with Sir Vivian Fuchs.
In 1962, he separated from his wife Caroline Gilliat (daughter of the British filmmaker Sidney Gilliat) and their two small children, Amanda and Toby. The marriage ended in divorce. The daughter, now Amanda Eliasch, ex-wife of Johan Eliasch, is a photographer and has recently published a book on poetry and photography entitled Cloak and Dagger Butterfly, and British Artists at Work, with 's Franca Sozzani of Italian Vogue. The son, Toby, is a chairman of a leading hockey club in Wiltshire.
Cave Brown then moved to the United States in 1962, spending a year at Stanford University's Hoover Institute as a visiting fellow. He covered the Vietnam War in the 1960s, and worked in Australia for a television station belonging to Rupert Murdoch. He also worked in Singapore and Malaysia.
Author and historian
He settled in Washington, D.C. in 1969, and later moved to northern Virginia. He began a 37-year relationship with Joan Simpson Halphen, a woman whom he had met in Paris, and utilised her considerable wealth to begin a second career as a major book author and historian, specialising in espionage, World War II and Cold War themes.
Cave Brown's first major work to attract widespread attention was Bodyguard of Lies (1975), which examined the strategical elements of World War II, including codebreaking and its effect on the war's outcome. He followed up on this theme with a book, The Last Hero: Wild Bill Donovan, about William J. Donovan, the director of the American Office of Strategic Services during World War II; the Office of Strategic Services later evolved into the Central Intelligence Agency. Another espionage-related effort was a 1987 biography of Sir Stewart Menzies, who served as head of British MI6 (Secret Intelligence Service) during World War II. The book was titled C: The Secret Life of Sir Stewart Graham Menzies, Spymaster to Winston Churchill. His book Treason in the Blood: H. St. John Philby, Kim Philby, and the Spy Case of the Century, published in 1994, examined the interconnected lives of the famous British spies Kim Philby and Harry St. John Philby, son and father. His final 1999 book Oil, God and Gold: The Story of Aramco and the Saudi Kings, examined the Aramco company in Saudi Arabia.
He died of dementia and pneumonia-related causes in Warrenton, Virginia, USA on 14 July 2006, at age 77. Joan Simpson Halphen predeceased him by four months. His two children survive him - writer and film director Amanda Eliasch and Toby Brown. He also has one illegitimate child born In 1965, the result of an affair with a young Australian woman, Sandra Janet Tillet. They were to be married but she considered him "unreliable" and returned to Australia. He made one attempt to gain custody of the child and was blocked. The child was adopted out and remained in Australia. His daughter Amanda Eliasch was encouraged by him to write "The gun the cake and the butterfly". He requested her to write 5,000 words about her life, and she turned it into a film and a book of poetry at his request.
- Bodyguard of Lies, New York, Harper and Row, 1975, ISBN 1-58574-692-4.
- On a Field of Red: the Communist International and the Coming of World War II, 1981, ISBN 0-399-12542-6.
- The Last Hero: Wild Bill Donovan, New York, Times Books, 1982, ISBN 0-686-95975-2.
- Secret War Report of the OSS, ISBN 0-425-03253-1.
- The Secret History of the Atomic Bomb with Charles B. MacDonald, ISBN 0-440-57728-4.
- Operation World War III: Secret American Plan (Dropshot) for War with the Soviet Union in 1957
- C: The Secret Life of Sir Stewart Graham Menzies, Spymaster to Winston Churchill, New York, MacMillan Publishing, 1987, ISBN 0-02-517390-1.
- Treason in the Blood: H. St. John Philby, Kim Philby, and the Spy Case of the Century, Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1994, ISBN 0-395-63119-X.
- Oil, God and Gold: The Story of Aramco and the Saudi Kings, 1999, ISBN 0-395-59220-8.
- Lattanzio, Ryan (21 May 2014). "An Artist Reveals Her Many Inner Lives in 'The Gun, The Cake And The Butterfly'". Thompson on Hollywood. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- Schudel, Matt (28 July 2006). "Espionage Writer Anthony Cave Brown, 77". The Washington Post (Washington DC: WPC). ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- Martin, Douglas (2 August 2006). "Anthony Cave Brown, 77, Historian of Espionage, Is Dead". The New York Times (New York: NYTC). ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- van der Vat, Dan (17 October 2006). "Obituary: Anthony Cave Brown". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- "Anthony Cave Brown". The Times. London, UK. 2006. Retrieved 16 May 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- "Book Discussion Treason Blood (Video)". C-SPAN. 14 December 1994. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- "Booknotes interview with Brown on Treason in the Blood". booknotes.org. 15 January 1995. Retrieved 16 May 2015.