Anthony Fauci

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Anthony Fauci
Dr. Anthony Fauci.jpg
Anthony Fauci (Jim Wallace, 2001)
Born (1940-12-24) December 24, 1940 (age 73)
Brooklyn, New York
Fields Immunology
Institutions National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Alma mater Regis High School, College of the Holy Cross, Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University
Known for HIV and the progression to AIDS
Notable awards Lasker Award (2007), Presidential Medal of Freedom (2008)
Ben Carson and Anthony Fauci (right) being announced as a recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom at the White House on June 19, 2008.

Anthony Stephen Fauci (born December 24, 1940) is an immunologist who has made substantial contributions to HIV/AIDS research and other immunodeficiencies, both as a scientist and as the head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).

Education and career[edit]

Anthony Stephen Fauci was born on December 24, 1940, in Brooklyn, New York, to Stephen A. Fauci, a pharmacist, and Eugenia A. Fauci, a homemaker.[1] He graduated from Regis High School in New York City. He went on to attend the College of the Holy Cross and received his M.D. from Cornell University Medical College in 1966. He then completed an internship and residency at The New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center.[2]

In 1968, he came to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as a clinical associate in the Laboratory of Clinical Investigation (LCI) in NIAID. In 1974, he became Head of the Clinical Physiology Section, LCI, and in 1980 was appointed Chief of the Laboratory of Immunoregulation, a position he still holds. In 1984, he became Director of NIAID, which has the responsibility for an extensive research portfolio of basic and applied research on infectious and immune-mediated illnesses.

He played a significant role in creating the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief.[3]

Medical achievements[edit]

Fauci has made a number of basic scientific observations that contribute to the current understanding of the regulation of the human immune response, and is recognized for delineating the mechanisms whereby immunosuppressive agents adapt to the human immune response. He has developed therapies for formerly fatal diseases such as polyarteritis nodosa, Wegener's granulomatosis, and lymphomatoid granulomatosis. In a 1985 Stanford University Arthritis Center Survey of the American Rheumatism Association membership ranked the work of Fauci on the treatment of polyarteritis nodosa and Wegener's granulomatosis as one of the most important advances in patient management in rheumatology over the previous 20 years.[4]

Fauci has made influential contributions to the understanding of how HIV destroys the body's defenses leading to the progression to AIDS. He also has outlined the mechanisms of induction of HIV expression by endogenous cytokines. Fauci has played an important role in developing strategies for the therapy and immune reconstitution of patients with this disease, as well as for a vaccine to prevent HIV infection. His current research is concentrated on identifying the nature of the immunopathogenic mechanisms of HIV infection and the scope of the body's immune responses to HIV.

In 2003, the Institute for Scientific Information indicated that Fauci was the 13th most-cited scientist during the twenty year period from 1983 to 2002.[5] He was the ninth most-cited scientist in immunology in the period January 1993 to June 30, 2003.[2]

Memberships[edit]

Fauci is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Institute of Medicine (Council Member), the American Philosophical Society, and the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, as well as other numerous professional societies including the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the Infectious Diseases Society of America, and the American Association of Immunologists. He serves on the editorial boards of many scientific journals; as an editor of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine; and as author, coauthor, or editor of more than 1,000 scientific publications, including several textbooks.[6]

Awards and honors[edit]

Fauci has been a visiting professor at many medical centers, and has received 30 honorary doctorate degrees from universities in the United States and abroad.[6]

Selected publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anthony S. Fauci Biography Retrieved on May 30, 2007
  2. ^ a b National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Biography Retrieved on May 30, 2007
  3. ^ Varmus, Harold (12/01/13). "Making PEPFAR". Science & Diplomacy 2 (4). 
  4. ^ Holy Cross Magazine Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., ’62 Retrieved on May 30, 2007
  5. ^ Science Watch Twenty Years of Citation Superstars Retrieved on May 30, 2007
  6. ^ a b Highly Cited Biography Retrieved May 30, 2007
  7. ^ New York Times, 4 Winners of Lasker Medical Prize
  8. ^ Ernst Jung Prize for Medicine

External links[edit]