Anthony G. Brown
|8th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland|
January 17, 2007
|Preceded by||Michael Steele|
|Member of the Maryland House of Delegates
from the 25th district
January 14, 1999 – January 14, 2007
|Preceded by||Brenda Hughes|
|Succeeded by||Aisha Braveboy|
November 21, 1961 |
Huntington, New York, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Patricia Arzuaga (1993–2009)
Karmen Walker Bailey (2012–present)
|Alma mater||Harvard University|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1984–present|
|Unit||4th Combat Aviation Brigade (Active)
10th LSO (Reserve)
353rd CACOM (OIF)
153rd LSO (Reserve)
|Awards|| Legion of Merit
Anthony Gregory Brown (born November 21, 1961) is a Democratic Party politician from the State of Maryland; he is the eighth and current Lieutenant Governor of Maryland and is currently running for Governor of Maryland. Brown was elected as Lieutenant Governor in 2006 on a ticket with Governor Martin O'Malley. Both were reelected in 2010. Brown previously served two terms in the Maryland House of Delegates, representing Prince George's County. Brown is currently a Colonel in the United States Army Reserve, having served in the U.S. Army for nearly thirty years. Brown is one of the two highest-ranking elected officials in the nation to have served a tour of duty in Iraq.
- 1 Early life, education, military career, & legal career
- 2 Political career
- 2.1 Maryland House of Delegates
- 2.2 Lieutenant Governor
- 2.3 2008 election and Obama transition
- 2.4 2014 gubernatorial candidacy
- 3 Personal life
- 4 References
- 5 External links
- 6 See also
Early life, education, military career, & legal career
Brown was born in 1961 in Huntington, New York to immigrant parents. His father Roy H. Brown, a physician, came to the United States from Kingston, Jamaica to attend Fordham University. Roy received his medical degree in Zurich, Switzerland, where he met his future wife, Lilly I. Brown. The couple raised Anthony, his sister and three brothers in New York.
Anthony attended public school on Long Island, graduating from Huntington High School in 1979. In his senior year, Brown became the first African American ever elected president of Huntington High School. After high school, Brown spent the summer at the United States Military Academy at West Point before switching to Harvard College, where he majored in Government and resided in Quincy House. At Harvard, Brown served on the Student Advisory Committee at the Kennedy School of Government's Institute of Politics. Since Harvard did not offer ROTC at the time, in his second year, Brown enrolled in the Army Reserve Officer Training Corps program at MIT and earned a two-year scholarship. In 1984, Brown graduated with an A.B. cum laude, and as a Distinguished Military Graduate.
Upon graduation, Brown received a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army. He graduated first in his flight class at Fort Rucker, Alabama. During his time on active duty, Brown served as a helicopter pilot with the 4th Combat Aviation Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division in Europe. During that period of active duty, Brown held positions as platoon leader for a target acquisition, reconnaissance and surveillance platoon, executive officer of a general support aviation company, a battalion logistics officer, and the flight operations officer for Task Force 23.
After completing his active duty service, Brown continued his military service as a Judge Advocate General (JAG) in the United States Army Reserve. His assignments included Commander of the 153rd Legal Support Organization in Norristown, Pennsylvania, where, in addition to supporting deploying service members and their families with legal services, he mobilized eighteen soldiers to Fort Hood, Texas in support of the III Corps' Operation New Dawn mission to Iraq. Prior to his tenure with the 153rd LSO, Brown was the Staff Judge Advocate for the 353rd Civil Affairs Command headquartered at Fort Wadsworth, New York. Brown began his service as a JAG with the 10th LSO in Upper Marlboro, Maryland, where he held numerous assignments, including in the areas of international law and claims law. Currently, Brown is a Colonel in the U.S. Army Reserve.
In 2004, Brown, a member of the Maryland House of Delegates, was deployed to Iraq as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Brown served in Baghdad, Fallujah, Kirkuk, and Basra with the 353rd Civil Affairs Command as Senior Consultant to the Iraqi Ministry of Displacement and Migration. Brown received the Bronze Star for his distinguished service in Iraq.
Awards, ribbons, and badges
Brown's personal awards include:
|1st Row||Legion of Merit||Bronze Star Medal|
|2nd Row||Meritorious Service Medal||Army Commendation Medal with two oak leaf clusters||Army Achievement Medal with one oak leaf cluster||Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal with four oak leaf clusters|
|3rd Row||National Defense Service Medal with bronze service star||Iraq Campaign Medal||Global War on Terrorism Service Medal||Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal|
|4th Row||Armed Forces Reserve Medal with Hourglass (not shown) and "M" devices||Army Service Ribbon||Army Overseas Service Ribbon||Army Reserve Overseas Training Ribbon with award numeral 2 (not shown)|
- Brown was also awarded the Army Aviator Badge and the Army Superior Unit Award . He is Airborne and Air Assault qualified, and is authorized to wear one Overseas Service Bar.
Law school & legal career
After serving five years on active duty, Brown returned to the United States to attend Harvard Law School in the fall of 1989. He attended Harvard Law School at the same time as other notable African Americans, including future-President Barack Obama, Artur Davis and actor Hill Harper. At Harvard Law, Brown was a member of the Board of Student Advisers. Brown's third-year paper, written under the supervision of Professor Charles Ogletree, analyzed the scope of the Fourth Amendment's protections against unreasonable search and seizure in the military. Brown was Chair of the Membership Committee of the Black Law Students Association and a member of the Board of Student Advisers. Brown graduated from Harvard Law, with a Juris Doctor in 1992.
After graduating from law school, Brown completed a two-year clerkship for Chief Judge Eugene Sullivan of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces. In 1994, he joined the Washington, D.C. office of the international law firm of Wilmer Cutler Pickering (now WilmerHale). Brown practiced law with the late John Payton, a renowned civil rights attorney and former president of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, and Stephen Sachs who was the United States Attorney for the District of Maryland from 1967 to 1970 and was the 40th Attorney General of Maryland. In 1998, Brown received Wilmer's Pro Bono Publico Award for his work in representing indigent clients. Brown joined the Prince George’s County land use and zoning law firm Gibbs & Haller in 2000, after having been elected to the Maryland General Assembly.
Maryland House of Delegates
Brown's political career began in 1998, when he was elected to serve in the Maryland House of Delegates, representing District 25 in Prince George’s County. Brown ran on a ticket with Senator Ulysses Currie, Delegate Dereck Davis, and Delegate Melony Griffith. He served two terms in the Maryland House of Delegates and rose to several positions of leadership. During his first term, Brown served on the House Economic Matters Committee. He was appointed Vice Chair of the Judiciary Committee in 2003. In 2004, Speaker of the House Michael E. Busch appointed Brown to the position of Majority Whip, the fourth-ranking position in the House.
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In 2006, Brown was elected Lieutenant Governor on a ticket with Martin O’Malley, the former Mayor of Baltimore. The pair were the only challenging candidates to defeat an incumbent gubernatorial ticket in the 2006 election cycle. On January 17, 2007, Brown was sworn in as Maryland's 8th lieutenant governor. Both Brown and O'Malley were reelected by a 56% to 42% margin on November 2, 2010. Brown was the first person ever elected Lieutenant Governor directly from the Maryland House of Delegates.
Governor O’Malley has tasked Brown to lead the O'Malley-Brown Administration's efforts on several policy fronts, including efforts to expand and improve health care, support economic development, help victims of domestic violence, increase access to higher education, and provide Veterans with better services and resources.
As Co-Chair of the Maryland Health Care Reform Coordinating Council and Maryland’s Health Quality and Cost Council, Lt. Governor Brown leads the O’Malley-Brown Administration’s efforts to reduce costs, expand access, and improve the quality of care for all Marylanders.
In June 2012, Brown was named "Maryland’s Public Health Hero" by the Maryland Health Care for All! Coalition.
He has assisted in the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, which according to a non-partisan 2012 study, will save Maryland $672 million by 2020. In both 2011 and 2012, Brown led legislation through the Maryland General Assembly to create a health insurance exchange.
Brown has been severely criticized for his leadership of the development of the health insurance exchange. The O'Malley Administration has apologized for the "botched" launch of the Web site and had to seek emergency funding legislation to make stopgap changes to the site. The state paid a contractor $65.4 million to develop the failed site, and has incurred at least $30.5 million in unnecessary Medicaid spending as a result of the failed rollout. The Web site failure is now the subject of a federal investigation into the costs associated with developing the exchange and the site's performance failures.
Brown has led efforts to address health disparities among racial and ethnic groups in Maryland. In 2012, he developed created Health Enterprise Zones, which will use incentives to increase the number of primary care providers and other essential health care services in underserved communities, with the goal of reducing preventable diseases such as asthma and diabetes.
Brown leads the O’Malley-Brown Administration’s economic development portfolio. He serves as Chair of numerous economic development initiatives, including the Joint Legislative and Executive Commission on Oversight of Public-Private Partnerships, the Governor’s Subcabinet on Base Realignment and Closure, and the FastTrack initiative – part of Maryland Made Easy (www.easy.maryland.gov) – to streamline the state permitting process for businesses and developers.
Brown has become one the leading champions for the increased use of Public-Private Partnerships to advance infrastructure projects in Maryland. Governor Martin O’Malley appointed Brown to serve as Chair of the Joint Legislative and Executive Commission on Oversight of Public-Private Partnerships. The fifteen member Commission was established in 2010 under House Bill 1370 to evaluate the State’s framework and oversight of public–private partnerships. Under Brown’s leadership, the Commission worked to fulfill its responsibilities and increase the potential for private investment in public infrastructure projects. The commission submitted its final report to the Governor and General Assembly in January 2012, which included assessing the oversight, best practices, and approval processes for public-private partnerships in other states; evaluating the definition of public-private partnerships; making recommendations concerning the appropriate manner of conducting legislative monitoring and oversight of public-private partnerships; and making recommendations concerning broad policy parameters within which public-private partnerships should be negotiated.
Base realignment and closure
Brown has been tasked by Governor O’Malley to lead the Base Realignment and Closure Subcabinet and the implementation of Maryland’s BRAC Plan, which ensured the State of Maryland would be ready for the 28,000 households that came to the state as a result of the BRAC process. It’s estimated that between and 45,000 to 60,000 jobs will be created in Maryland by 2016 due to BRAC. Since 2007, the BRAC Subcabinet has met regularly with BRAC stakeholders to coordinate and sychronize the State’s efforts with public and private partners to address BRAC needs. The BRAC Plan sets forth new initiatives and priorities to address the human capital and physical infrastructure requirements to support BRAC, as well as to seize the opportunities that BRAC presents, while preserving the quality of life already enjoyed by Marylanders. Several of the larger moves include the Army’s Communications–Electronics Command (CECOM) to Aberdeen Proving Ground from Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey, and the Air National Guard Readiness Center at Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility Washington. The Defense Information Systems Agency is locating to Fort George G. Meade from northern Virginia and Walter Reed Army Medical Center is moving to the Bethesda Naval Hospital to create the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center at Bethesda.
In 2011, the Association of Defense Communities recognized Brown as their Public Official of the Year for his leadership on BRAC.
Eliminating domestic violence is a personal cause for Brown. In August 2008, his cousin Cathy was murdered by her estranged boyfriend. Building on his experience as a legislator and the perspective this tragedy provided him, Brown has championed reforms to fight domestic violence and provide improved support to victims.
In 2009, Brown led efforts to improve domestic violence laws and take guns out of the hands of domestic abusers by allowing judges to order the abuser in a temporary protective order to surrender any firearms in his or her possession.
During the 2010 Legislative Session, Brown worked with the General Assembly to pass legislation allowing a victim of domestic abuse to terminate a residential lease with a copy of a final protective order. During the 2012 Legislative Session, Brown led the O'Malley Brown Administration's successful efforts to extend unemployment benefits to a victim of domestic violence who decides to leave employment because the abuser is a threat at the workplace. Brown believes that a victim of domestic violence should not be required to choose between financial security and physical safety.
Brown also leads efforts to expand the availability of hospital-based Domestic Violence Screening Programs at Maryland hospitals to help identify victims of domestic violence and connect them to support services. In 2010, he helped launch Maryland’s fifth hospital-based domestic violence program at Prince George’s Hospital Center in Cheverly. In 2011, Brown helped launch a sixth hospital-based program at Meritus Medical Center in Hagerstown, Maryland. Similar programs are also in place in the Baltimore region at Anne Arundel Medical Center, Mercy Medical Center, Sinai Hospital and Northwest Hospital.
Under the O’Malley Brown Administration, Maryland’s students have made dramatic improvements in nearly every statistical category, and Maryland’s schools have been ranked # 1 in the country for 4 years in a row.
Brown leads the O’Malley-Brown Administration’s efforts to increase higher education opportunities. The administration has taken steps to make a higher education more accessible and affordable for all Marylanders, including making record investments in community colleges and working to keep an education affordable at four year public colleges and universities. As a result, the number of STEM college graduates, number of Associate’s degrees, and the number of Bachelor’s degrees awarded in Maryland have all increased since the Governor and Lt. Governor took office in 2007.
In 2010, Lt. Governor Brown launched the Skills2Compete initiative, which promotes programs and activities that lead to increasing the skill level of Marylanders though the attainment of a post-secondary credential, apprenticeship program or degree.
Brown is the nation’s highest-ranking elected official to have served a tour of military duty in Iraq and he leads the O'Malley-Brown Administration's work to improve benefits and services for Maryland's veterans.
In 2012, Brown announced the launch of Maryland Homefront: the Veterans and Military Family Mortgage Program, which helps qualified current and former military members find homes by giving them a discounted mortgage interest rate and help with closing costs. Also in 2012, Brown helped pass legislation that allows notation of ‘veteran’ status on drivers’ licenses and identification card.
During the 2008 session of the Maryland General Assembly, Brown led the administration’s successful efforts to pass a sweeping veterans package, including passage of the Veterans Behavioral Health Act of 2008. The legislation sets aside $2.3 million for the expansion of direct services to OIF/OEF veterans living with behavioral and mental health problem. The legislation also named Brown chair of the Maryland Veterans Behavioral Health Advisory Board.
Other legislation passed as part of the ‘Maryland’s Commitment to Veterans’ package includes:
- Expansion of state scholarship fund for OIF/OEF veterans and their dependents;
- Protection of State-funded business loan program for veterans and service-disable veterans;
- Creation of reintegration program for members of the Maryland National Guard returning from service in Iraq and Afghanistan; and
- Expansion of State veteran service centers in rural communities.
2008 election and Obama transition
Despite being a classmate of Barack Obama, in September 2007, Brown initially endorsed Hillary Clinton for President in the 2008 election. He campaigned for her in several states, including South Carolina and Georgia. In June 2008, Brown subsequently endorsed Obama.
In July 2008, Brown was appointed to the Democratic National Committee’s Platform Committee and served on the Platform Drafting Committee. Brown led the efforts to strengthen the Democratic Party’s commitment to veterans and ensuring that the Chesapeake Bay be named as a “national treasure.” Brown was a ‘Party Leader/Elected Official’ delegate to the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado in late August 2008 and cast his vote for then-Senator Barack Obama, along with 98 members of the Maryland delegation.
Brown was named Co-Chair of the Obama/Biden Presidential Transition Agency Review Team for the Department of Veterans Affairs on November 14, 2008.
2014 gubernatorial candidacy
Anthony Brown announced his candidacy for Governor of Maryland in the 2014 election on May 10, 2013 at Prince George's County Community College. Brown has been endorsed by Governor Martin O'Malley, Senator Barbara Mikulski, Congressman Steny Hoyer, Maryland Senate President Thomas V. Miller, Jr., and Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake. Brown is taking on Attorney General Doug Gansler and Delegate Heather Mizeur in the Democratic primary.
Brown married Karmen Walker, the widow of Prince George's County police officer Anthony Michael "Tony" Walker, on May 27, 2012, and is also the stepfather of Walker's son Anthony. Walker is a director of government relations with Comcast.
- "Anthony G. Brown, Lt. Governor". Political biography. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved February 14, 2007.
- "O'Malley/Brown in Maryland gubernatorial race". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 10, 2007. Not available online as of January 13, 2007.
- Nealy, Michelle Janaye (May 9, 2013). "Democratic Lt. Gov. Anthony Brown to announce 2014 bid for Md. governor in Prince George's Co.". Washington Post. Associated Press.[dead link]
- "Maryland election results 2010: Martin O'Malley beats Bob Ehrlich in a rematch for Governor". The Washington Post. November 2, 2010.
- Shoop, Tom (November 21, 2008). "Maryland Lt. Gov. 'Serious' Contender for VA Slot". National Journal. Retrieved December 31, 2008. "having spent 10 months in the country in 2004"
- Bush, Matt (May 23, 2012). "Fundraising Website Launched By Maryland Lt. Gov. Brown". wamu.org (American University). Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Montgomery, David (October 28, 2006). "A Demanding Race". Washington Post. p. C1. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
- "One to watch: Maryland's Lt. Governor Anthony Brown". National Public Radio. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "Md. Lawmaker Trades Politics For New Fight (washingtonpost.com)". Wp-dr.wpni.com. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "Obama pays tribute to NAACP's John Payton". Politico.Com. March 19, 2012. Retrieved March 23, 2012.
- Cook, Dave. "O'Malley Picks Anthony Brown as Running Mate". Baltimore Times. December 16, 2005. from Martin O'Malley political website. Retrieved February 14, 2007.
- "Martin O'Malley News and Photos". baltimoresun.com. The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
- "2010 – 2011 Officers & Executive Committee". nlga.us. National Lieutenant Governors Association. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
- "Lt. Governor Anthony Brown Completes Term as Chair of National Lieutenant Governors Association". Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Lt. Governor Brown Receives Public Health Hero Award" (Press release). Office of Lt. Governor Anthony Brown. June 7, 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Maryland Health Care Reform Simulation Model: Detailed Analysis and Methodology". The Hilltop Institute. July 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Health Care Reform Simulation Model Projections". The Hilltop Institute. July 13, 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Press Release. "O'Malley-Brown Administration's Health Care Reform Package Signed Into Law". Office of Lt. Governor. April 12, 2011. From Lt. Governor Brown's official website. Retrieved October 16, 2011.
- McCartney, Robert (December 11, 2013). "Brown bungles health-care plan debut but will probably win Md. governorship anyway". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- WBALTV11 (January 15, 2014). "O'Malley administration apologizes for botched health exchange rollout". Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- Johnson, Jenna; Flaherty, Mary Pat (February 27, 2014), "Maryland begins to put a price on health-care exchange debacle", The Washington Post, retrieved March 10, 2014
- Gantz, Sarah (March 10, 2014). "Feds to investigate Maryland's health exchange". Baltimore Business Journal. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- "Senate Bill 234". Maryland General Assembly. 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "What is a HEZ?". Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Press Release. "Lt. Governor Brown Testifies Before General Assembly on Job Creation Through Infrastructure Projects". Office of Lt. Governor. October 18, 2011. From Lt. Governor Brown's official website. Retrieved on November 6, 2011.
- Press Release. "Lt. Governor Brown Presides Over Joint Legislative and Executive Commission on Oversight of Public-Private Partnerships". Office of Lt. Governor. August 31, 2011. From Lt. Governor Brown's official website. Retrieved on November 6, 2011.
- "Base Realignment and Closure Study Assesses Impact on Maryland Resources" (Press release). Office of the Lt. Governor. February 9, 2007. Archived from the original on December 19, 2008. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
- "Maryland’s Lieutenant Governor Earns Defense Community Award" (Press release). Association of Defense Communities. July 7, 2011. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- News Article. "Maryland Receives $2M Grant To Stop Domestic Violence". WAMU 88.5 American University Radio. October 31, 2011. Retrieved on November 6, 2011.
- Press Release. "Statement from Lt. Governor Anthony G. Brown on Passage of HB 296 and HB 302". Office of Lt. Governor. March 17, 2009. From Lt. Governor Brown's official website. Retrieved on November 6, 2011.
- Press Release. "Lt. Governor Brown Applauds Delegate Glenn, General Assembly for Passing Strong Legislation to Protect Victims of Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault". Office of Lt. Governor. April 9, 2010. From Lt. Governor Brown's official website. Retrieved on November 6, 2011.
- Press Release. "Lt. Governor Brown Announces New Hospital-Based Domestic Violence Program at Prince George's Hospital Center". Office of Lt. Governor. October 20, 2010. From Lt. Governor Brown's official website. Retrieved on November 6, 2011.
- Press Release. "Lt. Governor Brown Tours New Dorchester Career & Technology Center". Office of Lt. Governor. June 29, 2011. From Lt. Governor Brown's official website. Retrieved on November 6, 2011.
- Bowman, Joshua (September 24, 2008). "Md.'s lieutenant governor promotes veterans program during Boonsboro visit". Hagerstown Harold-Mail. Retrieved November 28, 2008.
- "Lt. Governor Anthony Brown and the Maryland Higher Education Commission Launch New Veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq Conflicts Scholarship Program". Office of the Lt. Governor. Retrieved November 28, 2008.
- "Hillary Clinton: Press Release – Maryland Lt. Gov. Anthony Brown Endorses Clinton". Presidency.ucsb.edu. September 25, 2007. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "Lt. Gov. Anthony G. Brown, Maryland, Former Obama Classmate, Endorses Clinton – Democratic Underground". Upload.democraticunderground.com. September 24, 2007. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "O'Malley's Clinton ties get politically thorny". Baltimore Sun. February 8, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "Lt. Governor Anthony G. Brown Named to Democratic National Committee Platform Drafting Committee". Office of the Lt. Governor of Maryland. July 8, 2008. Retrieved November 27, 2008.
- "POLITICAL PARTIES". Maryland State Archives. Retrieved November 27, 2008.
- Dechter, Gadi (November 18, 2008). "Lt. Gov. Brown a co-chair of Obama veterans team". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved November 28, 2008.[dead link]
- Wagner, John (17 September 2013). "Brown plans to announce Mikulski’s endorsement at campaign event Sunday". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
- Cox, Erin (June 3, 2013). "Brown names Ulman as his running mate". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Md. Lt. Gov. Anthony Brown Announces Engagement". CBS Baltimore. Associated Press. May 16, 2011. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
- Brown, Anthony G. (November 26, 2012). "Anthony Brown: My Son Jonathan". Glen Burnie Patch. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "Maryland Lt. Gov. Anthony Brown marries Karmen Bailey Walker in College Park". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "A 'little hug thing' blossoms in Md." (subscription required). Washington Post. May 30, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2012. "Walker's son Anthony, 12, is just a few months older than Brown's son Jonathan, and the two are in the same grade at the same Catholic school."
- "Maryland Lt. Gov. Anthony Brown is engaged". The Washington Post. May 16, 2011. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
- Murphy, Caryle (March 24, 2006). "Cardinals Scramble To Defeat Abuse Bills; Child Victims Would Get More Time to Sue in Md.". The Washington Post (via HighBeam Research (subscription required)). Retrieved January 25, 2013. "Committee member Anthony G. Brown (D-Prince George's), who is Catholic"
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