Anthony Jackson (musician)
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
|Birth name||Anthony Claiborne Jackson|
|Born||June 23, 1952|
|Origin||New York, New York U.S.|
|Genres||Jazz, fusion, R&B, funk|
|Instruments||Bass, contrabass guitar|
Anthony Jackson has been a distinctive voice on the electric bass since entering the scene in New York City. He began playing the piano as a teen before switching to the guitar, and finally picking up the bass after being influenced by legendary Motown bassist James Jamerson (see "Influences" below).
Jackson is a student of Jerry Fisher, Lawrence Lucie, and Pat Martino. He has performed live in more than 30 countries, and has recorded in more than 3000 sessions on more than 500 albums. His bass introduction for the O'Jays' "For The Love Of Money" (on their classic album Ship Ahoy) earned him a co-writer's credit on the song alongside Gamble & Huff. 
Six String Bass
Jackson invented the “six-string bass”, - a bass guitar tuned B-E-A-D-G-C. His idea, which he called the contrabass guitar, precedes any modern standard six-string bass by at least twenty years.
At least as early as 1960, the Gibson guitar company produced a six-string bass called the EB-6, that was played by jazz guitarist Wes Montgomery on the 1960 Riverside recording “Movin' Along." While the tuning of this instrument is different from Jackson's, matching the tuning of a six-string guitar but one octave lower, it preceded Jackson's six-string bass by at least a decade.
Fender also produced 6-string basses in the 1960s: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fender_Bass_VI
Jackson said that the idea for adding more strings to the bass guitar came from his frustration with its limited range. When asked what he thought of criticism of the six-string bass, Jackson replied:
“Why is four [strings] the standard and not six? As the lowest-pitched member of the guitar family, the instrument should have had six strings from the beginning. The only reason it had four was because Leo Fender was thinking in application terms of an upright bass, but he built it along guitar lines because that was his training. The logical conception for the bass guitar encompasses six strings.”
Jackson first approached various luthiers in 1974 about the construction of his idea, and Carl Thompson built the first six-string for Jackson in 1975 (an instrument currently owned by Les Claypool of Primus). He later switched to basses built by Fodera, and began playing the six-string bass exclusively in 1981.
“I continued playing standard as well as bass guitar until 1968, when I was forced to admit that my standard guitar playing should be quietly put to death.”
Style & influences
Jackson always plays sitting down. He cites his main influences as James Jamerson, Jack Casady of Jefferson Airplane, and French composer Olivier Messiaen. Jamerson’s influence on Jackson is perceptible to anyone familiar with both players, particularly on Jamerson tracks like “How Long Has That Evening Train Been Gone?” by Diana Ross and The Supremes, where the use of arpeggiation and passing notes for simultaneous chordal and rhythmic expression are telltale.
“Casady, whom I'd first heard on Jefferson Airplane's Surrealistic Pillow album in late 1966, had a big, rich, metallic sound with a full bottom and a curious, guitaristic way of playing that I was immediately drawn to. When I saw him perform live, I was struck by his dignity and serious mien. It was Casady's sound that kept me exploring the expressive possibilities of using the pick. To this day, when I use one and a flanger, Casady's influence emerges and can be clearly detected by an aficionado.”
Jackson’s other major influence is Olivier Messiaen, whose music changed his life “irrevocably and forever”. It was Messiaen’s organ suite “La Nativité du Seigneur” that so impressed Jackson that he remarked:
“I hear the tritone as the central interval on which to build harmonies and melodies, as opposed to the major or minor third… The tritone interval has been extremely important to me from the first day I heard Messiaen playing his own music on organ.”
||This list (which may have dates, numbers, etc.) may be better in a sortable table format. (January 2013)|
- Fahir Atakoglu – If, Istanbul in Blue
- Michel Camilo – Why Not?, Rendezvous, One More Once, Thru My Eyes, Triangulo
- Dennis Chambers – Getting Even (1992)
- Chick Corea – The Leprechaun
- Billy Cobham
- Steely Dan – Gaucho: "My Rival", "Glamour Profession"
- Al Di Meola – Land of the Midnight Sun, Elegant Gypsy, Casino, Splendido Hotel, Electric Rendezvous, Tour De Force – Live, Tirami Su, Kiss My Axe, Flesh on Flesh
- Donald Fagen – The Nightfly: "I.G.Y. (What a Beautiful World)", "Ruby Baby"
- Yiorgos Fakanas – Interspirit
- Roberta Flack – Feel Like Makin' Love
- Steve Gadd
- Urbie Green – The Fox (CTI, 1976)
- Dave Grusin
- Masaru Imada – Seaside (1982)
- Chaka Khan – Naughty, What Cha' Gonna Do for Me, Chaka
- Steve Khan
- Wayne Krantz – Your Basic Live '06, Signals
- Bireli Lagrene – My Favorite Django
- Tania Maria
- Pat Metheny
- The O'Jays – Ship Ahoy (with "For the Love of Money")
- Michel Petrucciani – Playground, Both Worlds, Trio in Tokyo
- Esther Phillips – Capricorn Princess (1976)
- Simon Phillips – Force majeure (1992), Another Lifetime (1997)
- Buddy Rich
- Lee Ritenour – World of Brazil, Overtime
- Alejandro Sanz – No Es lo Mismo (2003)
- John Scofield – Who's Who? (1979)
- Simon & Garfunkel – The Concert in Central Park
- Paul Simon – One-Trick Pony, Hearts and Bones
- Mike Stern – Odds or Evens, Who Let the Cats Out?
- Akiko Yano – Twilight – The "Live" Best
- Hiromi – Another Mind, Brain, Voice, Move, Alive
- Michael Urbaniak
- Sadao Watanabe
- Dave Weckl – Master Plan, Hard Wired
- Dizzy Gillespie – Rhythmstick (1990)
- Lalo Schifrin – Black Widow (CTI, 1976), Rollercoaster (Soundtrack) (MCA, 1977)
- Hogan, Ed (1952-06-23). "Anthony Jackson". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- The liner note from album "INTERSPIRIT" 2010, Abstract Logix, LBLX020