Anthony Peter Khoraish
Anthony III Peter Khoraish
(أنطونيوس الثالث بطرس خريش)
|Patriarch of Antioch|
|See||Patriarch of Antioch|
|Elected||February 3, 1975|
|Term ended||April 3, 1986|
|Predecessor||Cardinal Paul Peter Meouchi|
|Successor||Cardinal N. P. Sfeir|
|Ordination||April 11, 1930 (Priest)|
|Consecration||October 15, 1950 (Bishop)
by Anthony Peter Arida
|Created Cardinal||February 2, 1983
by Pope John Paul II
September 20, 1907|
Ain Ebel, Lebanon
|Died||August 19, 1994
Cardinal Anthony III Peter Khoraish (September 20, 1907 - August 19, 1994), (or Antonios Boutros Khoraish, Antoine Pierre Khreich, Khraish, Khoraiche, Arabic: أنطونيوس الثالث بطرس خريش), was the Maronite Patriarch of Antioch and the Whole Levant from 1975 until his resignation in 1986, and a cardinal of the Catholic Church. He died on August 19, 1994.
Anthony Khoraish was born on September 20, 1907 in Ain Ebel, a small village in the south of Lebanon. He was a distinguished student at the local primary school in the village, and his devoutness to his faith lead him at the age of 13 to Rome where he began his philosophical and theological studies at the Pontifical Urbaniana University. He received his doctorate in philosophy at the age of 16 and returned to Beirut, Lebanon where he continued his post-doctoral theological studies at the Université Saint-Joseph.
He was ordained as priest at the Cathedral of Tyre in South Lebanon on April 11, 1930 where he also taught at the local Catholic school. From 1930-1940, he was also a faculty member of Sagesse School in Beirut, patriarchal vicar of Palestine and president of the Maronite tribunal in the Holy Land. He was appointed vicar general of the archdiocese of Tyre of the Maronites, and served there from 1940-1950.
On April 25, 1950 Pope Pius XII appointed him auxiliary bishop of Sidon of the Maronites, and Titular Bishop of Tarsous of the Maronites, and on October 15, 1950 he was consecrated as such by Patriarch Anthony Peter Arida. On November 25, 1957, he was appointed Bishop of Sidon of the Maronites. As bishop, he attended the Second Vatican Council. He became administrator delegate of the Patriarchate of Antioch of the Maronites in 1974. He was also episcopal delegate for the Maronite seminaries and president of the executive commission of the Inter-ritual Assembly of Patriarchs and Bishops of Lebanon.
He was elected Patriarch of Antioch and All the East on February 3, 1975, following the death of the previous patriarch. As Patriarch, he attended the IV Ordinary Assembly of the World Synod of Bishops in Vatican City on September 30, 1977. During his Patriarchate, the blessed Charbel Makhlouf was declared Saint of the Universal Church in an imposing ceremony at Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome on October 9, 1977.
On February 2, 1983, he was the second Lebanese and second Maronite Patriarch to be created Cardinal. As Cardinal, he attended the VI Ordinary Assembly of the World Synod of Bishops in Vatican City on September 29, 1983. Sister Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès (also known as Saint Rafka), a Lebanese nun of Hamlaya, was declared Blessed at Saint Peter’s Basilica on November 17, 1985.
Paul Peter Meouchi
|Maronite Patriarchs of Antioch
Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir