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Anthony Edward Santasiere (9 December 1904 – 13 January 1977) was an American chess master. Santasiere was a high school mathematics teacher by profession. His hobbies included creative writing and oil painting.
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Santasiere wrote extensively on chess in the magazine American Chess Bulletin. He is the author of the book The Romantic King's Gambit. The chess opening Santasiere's Folly (1.Nf3 Nf6 2.b4) is named for him.
In 1923, Santasiere tied for 13th/14th place in Lake Hopatcong (Frank Marshall and Abraham Kupchik won). In 1924, he took third place, behind Marshall and Carlos Torre, in New York. In 1927, he tied for third/fourth in New York (Albert Pinkus won). In 1927, he tied for fourth through sixth place in Rome ( New York State Championship; Rudolph Smirka won). In 1928, Santasiere won in Buffalo (New York State Championship). In 1929, he took third place, behind Herman Steiner and Jacob Bernstein, in Buffalo (New York State Championship). In 1930, he tied for first with Norman Lessing in Utica (New York State Championship).
In 1931, he took seventh place in New York (José Raúl Capablanca won). In 1931, he tied for third/fourth in Rome (New York State Championship; Fred Reinfeld won). In 1934, he tied for ninth/tenth in Syracuse (Samuel Reshevsky won). In 1935, he took seventh in Milwaukee (Reuben Fine won). In 1938, he tied for 10th/11th in New York (second US Championship; Reshevsky won). In 1938, he took fifth in Boston (Israel Horowitz and Isaac Kashdan won).
He shared first place with Shainswit at Ventnor City 1943, took second place, behind Reshevsky, at Boston 1944 (the 45th US Open), and won at Peoria 1945 (the 46th US Open). In September 1945, he played in a radio match US vs USSR on tenth board against David Bronstein and lost both games. In 1949, he took second, behind Sandrin, in Omaha (US Open).
On Saturday, May 11, 1968, at the Miami Beach Chess Club in Miami Beach, Florida, Santasiere, billed as "The American Chess Champion", competed in a marathon simultaneous exhibition versus 21 opponents. Santasiere scored 12 victories (including a victory over Barry Moss), three draws, four defaults wins, and lost to Hank Bergman and Irving Lynch.
Books written by Santasiere
- The Futuristic Chess opening: Santasiere's Folly (Paperback) by Anthony E Santasiere
- King’s Gambit - Analysis and Games, Anthony Santasiere
- Miami Herald, Sunday, May 12, 1968, page 2-B: Chess Champion.