Anthony van der Eb

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Anthony van der Eb
Governor of the Dutch Gold Coast
In office
29 October 1837 – 5 August 1838
Preceded by Hendrik Tonneboeijer
Succeeded by Hendrik Bosch
In office
11 March 1840 – 1846
Preceded by Hendrik Bosch
Succeeded by Willem George Frederik Derx
In office
1847–1850
Preceded by Willem George Frederik Derx
Succeeded by Hero Schomerus
Personal details
Born (1813-01-03)January 3, 1813
Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died September 21, 1852(1852-09-21) (aged 39)
Elmina, Dutch Gold Coast
Spouse(s) Manza Henrietta Bartels
Efua Henrietta Huydecoper

Anthony van der Eb (3 January 1813 – 21 September 1852) was a Dutch civil servant, who made a career in the administration on the Dutch Gold Coast.

Biography[edit]

Van der Eb was born in Rotterdam on 3 January 1813 to Hendrik van der Eb and Marianne Jacoba Lessueur.[1] On 5 October 1833, he was installed as assistant, with the military rank of second lieutenant, to the Dutch Gold Coast. After Acting Commander Hendrik Tonneboeijer died during the Dutch–Ahanta War, the young Van der Eb became Acting Commander himself between 1837 and 1838. When major general Jan Verveer visited the Gold Coast to avenge the Ahanta and to reform the government of the colony, he wrote the following about Van der Eb:[1]

This civil servant is by approximation 25 years old and is of good behaviour, but has few mental capacities and even less education to be regarded as useful for matters of importance in public service. Moreover, the tradesman's spirit has taken such root in Mr Van der Eb and the trade has made him so much profit that it is doubtful that he would accept the position of governor of this colony if it would be under the condition of giving up his personal trade. Nevertheless, it cannot be denied that his service on the Coast has given him some experience, which should be made of use now the colony's government has been completely replaced.

—Major general J. Verveer, [2]

Even though Verveer's report was not entirely positive, Van der Eb was installed as Governor of the Dutch Gold Coast by royal decree on 11 March 1840. He was licensed to conduct private trade in 1842 and quickly becomes the head agent for the Rotterdam firm of H. van Rijckevorsel and ordinary agent for the Amsterdam firm of J. Boelen & Co.[1]

Van der Eb is granted leave for six months in 1846, and leaves the Gold Coast on 9 July. His leave is eventually extended until 31 March 1847, and he arrives back on the Gold Coast on 10 July of the said year.[1] He is then asked by the Dutch government to compile a compendium of local laws and customs, which he submits in 1851 to the Ministry of Colonies. This work, which was subsequently published in 1931 in the Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch-Indië, has been an important source for social scientists on the Gold Coast societies.[3][4]

Van der Eb died in office, on 21 September 1852, in Elmina Castle. He is buried in the Dutch cemetery of Elmina.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Van der Eb married Efua Henrietta Huydecoper, daughter of Willem Huydecoper, a Euro-African civil servant for the Dutch government, who had acted as envoy of the Netherlands to the Ashanti Empire. After her death he remarried to Manza Henrietta Bartels, daughter of the prominent Euro-African merchant Carel Hendrik Bartels.[1]

Decorations[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Michel Doortmont. "van der Eb, Anthonie". GoldCoastDataBase. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Original in Dutch: "Deeze Ambtenaar is, naar gissing, ongeveer 25 jaren oud, en van een goed gedrag; maar bezit weinig geest vermogens en minder nog genoegzame aangeleerde kennis om voor zaaken van eenig belang, den publieken dienst betreffende, meer dan middelmatig bruikbaar te kunnen worden geacht. Bovendien is de handelgeest bij den Heer van der Eb, reeds zoo diep ingeworteld en heeft voor hem zoo veel succes gehadt dat het ten eenenmale te betwijfelen is of hij, onder de bepaling van geen handel te mogen drijven, zelfs de eerste functien bij het Koloniaal bestuur wel zou aannemen. Het is niet te min, niet te ontkennen, dat zijn verblijf ter Kuste hem eenige ervaring heeft gegeven, waarvan, voornamelijk uit oorzaak van het nu bij naar geheel nieuw zamenstel der regering en administratie ter Kuste, altoos aanvankelijk partij zal moeten worden getrokken."
  3. ^ Doortmont & Smit 2007, p. 285.
  4. ^ van der Eb 1931.

References[edit]