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Temporal range: Early Eocene–Middle Eocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Anthracobunidae
Wells and Gingerich, 1983

Anthracobunidae is an extinct family of primitive proboscideans that lived in the early to middle Eocene period. Also placed in the infraorder Anthracobunia, some authors consider the family to be paraphyletic.[2]

They resemble the later Moeritheriidae in both size and cheek tooth morphology, but lack their characteristic tusks. They are known only from fragmentary remains (mainly teeth) from Eocene deposits of the North-western part of the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent. These animals were probably amphibious and lived in marshy environments. They were relatively small, ranging in size from 1 to 2 m in length. The family may be ancestral to both the Moeritheriidae and the desmostylians. The family might also be ancestral to the Sirenia, but this is disputed.[3]


  1. ^ Anthracobunidae in the Paleobiology Database. Retrieved July 2013.
  2. ^ Gheerbrant, E; D. Donming & P. Tassy (2005). "Paenungulata (Sirenia, Proboscidea, Hyracoidea, and Relatives)". In Kenneth D. Rose, J. David Archibald (eds.). The Rise of Placental Mammals: Origins and Relationships of the Major Extant Clades. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 84–105. ISBN 080188022X. 
  3. ^ Wells, N.A.; Gingerich, P.D. (1983). "Review of Eocene Anthracobunidae (Mammalia, Proboscidea) with a new genus and species, Jozaria palustris, from the Kuldana Formation of Kohat (Pakistan)". Contrib. Mus. Pal. Univ. Michigan 26 (7): 117–139. OCLC 742731409.