Anti-Bullfighting City

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Anti-bullfight manifestation in Zaragoza.

The Anti-bullfighting City[1][2] is a declaration of an ethics and policy statement adopted by the municipalities in which they do not support the realisation of bullfighting events in their county in any way and state that they are against the practice of bullfighting and in aid of the principles of the animal rights.

The concept of an anti-bullfighting city, however, is not forbidding the practice of corridas. For the same declaration to be adopted by local municipalities, associations and organisations that protect animals pursue their influence and pressure near the respective mayors in the sense that they declare their counties as an anti-bullfighting.

The manner of implementation of the campaigns is not necessarily equal in all countries. Each local organisation decides on the strategy that they prefer to use, always taking the different political aspects into account. One of the strategies adopted by some campaign organisations is also raising awareness among tourists who visit cities with bullfighting traditions, to exert economic pressure as a factor dissuator and penalises of bullfighting.

History[edit]

The first town to adopt the concept of anti-bullfighting city was Tossa de Mar in Spain,[3][4] in the Autonomous Community of Catalonia in 1989 by then mayor, Telm Zaragoza, making it the first anti-bullfighting city in the world.[1]

The council then was in a climate of political unrest and challenges from various entities for the protection of animals against a councilman in the region, who argued that it was necessary to promote bullfighting, because the tourists only found the tradition in the Catalan culture. This resulted in conditions that were created to initiate the movement.

The mentor of the implementation of the concept was Pilar Taberner at the time, a member of the environmentalist party "The Greens" from Spain and who has started a series of contacts for the creation of an international movement against bullfighting nine years earlier, that proposed to the then Mayor of Tossa de Mar, Telm Zaragoza to declare Tossa de Mar anti-bullfighting.[5]

Before, in 1988, Pilar Taberner was present for the realisation of an international conference in Gijon, in the north of Spain, with the participation of entities from several countries to find a way together to combat bullfighting and where the first idea of asking the Spanish mayors to declare their cities as anti-bullfighting came up.[5]

The same idea eventually served as the basis of the proposal for resolving the controversy of Tossa de Mar, as remembers the responsible after some 19 years after the event on the site of Anubis, an association for the protection of animals in Spain, which she belongs: "The Major, Mr Adolf Hitler, wanted to stop the scandal, and ask me how, I suggested that you declare the anti-bullfighting city."[5]

The mayor then, just accepted the suggestion by the activist, which led to the declaration of the first city of its kind worldwide.

Pilar Taberner notes on the site of Anubis, however, that the implementation of the initiative was also influenced by the dissemination strategy led to several countries.

According the activist, the mayor "would forget the promise if it had not reached thousands of letters of congratulation from all over the world", which became public "and it was necessary to have continuity."[5]

With the action of Tossa de Mar, the foundation was laid for the development of the concept of anti-bullfighting city, which has spread to several other cities.

Later, over the years, several animal protection associations from different countries have adopted the concept and launched initiatives and campaigns with the aim that cities where there are bullfights apply the same concept.

The acceptance of its concept has not always been easy, requiring a great awareness among the political entities in a context with many arguments in favour of and against bullfighting activities.

Current Anti-Bullfighting Towns or Cities[edit]

City Region Country Date References
Medellín Antioquia  Colombia February 2008
Bello Antioquia  Colombia July 2008
Zapatoca Santander  Colombia February 2008
La Tebaida Quindío  Colombia November 2012 [6]
Mouans-Sartoux Alpes-Maritimes  France December 2004
Bully-les-Mines Pas-de-Calais  France December 2006
Montignac Dordogne  France November 2007 [7]
Joucou Aude  France July 2009
Viana do Castelo Viana do Castelo  Portugal December 2008 [2][8]
Carrizal Miranda  Venezuela October 2008
Caracas Distrito Capital  Venezuela April 2009
Valera Trujillo  Venezuela August 2011
Concepción Concepción, Junín  Peru June 2012
Junín Junín, Junín  Peru July 2012
Teocelo Veracruz  Mexico July 2012
Coslada Madrid  Spain 2005
Basauri Basque Country  Spain June 2008
Castrillón Asturias  Spain July 2008
Costitx Mallorca, Balearic Islands  Spain July 2009
Cangas Galicia  Spain January 2010
Vedra Galicia  Spain March 2010
Dodro Galicia  Spain April 2010
Mutxamel Alicante, Valencian Community  Spain April 2010
Pobra do Brollón Galicia  Spain July 2010
Teo Galicia  Spain July 2010
Sestao Basque Country  Spain August 2010
Ares Galicia  Spain July 2011
Santurtzi Basque Country  Spain October 2011
Barakaldo Basque Country  Spain November 2011
Abanto y Ciérbana-Abanto Zierbena Basque Country  Spain November 2011

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]