Alliance of National Unity

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Second Yanukovych Government
12th Cabinet of Ukraine (since 1990)
Date formed August 4, 2006
Date dissolved December 18, 2007
People and organizations
Head of government Viktor Yanukovych
Deputy head of government Mykola Azarov
Head of state Viktor Yushchenko
Number of ministers 26
Member party Party of Regions
Communist Party of Ukraine
Socialist Party of Ukraine
Status in legislature Coalition "Alliance of National Unity"
Opposition party Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc
NUNS
Opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko
History
Legislature term(s) 5 years
Previous Yekhanurov Government
Successor Second Tymoshenko Government
Composition of the Verkhovna Rada with the Alliance of National Unity.
Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ukraine

Alliance of National Unity (Ukrainian: Коаліція національної єдності) was the name of the governing coalition of the Party of Regions, the Communist Party and the Socialist Party in Ukraine [1] after the Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2006 and the 2006 Ukrainian political crisis. Until 24 March 2007, it was known as Anti-Crisis Alliance (Ukrainian: Антикризова коаліція).[2]

History[edit]

Initially the Our Ukraine Bloc intended to join the coalition and five of its ministers where initially appointed into Cabinet of Ministers of the coalition; Justice Minister Roman Zvarych, Family and Sports Minister Yuriy Pavlenko, Emergency Situations Minister Viktor Baloha, Culture Minister Ihor Likhovyy, and Health Minister Yuriy Polyachenko.[3] By November 2006 these five ministers where dismissed by parliament or withdrown by Our Ukraine Bloc.[4][5][6]

Before the crisis which sparked the 2007 parliamentary election, the coalition consisted of the following 249 members of parliamentary parties:

At its highest point the Alliance consisted of 260 members, and the trend was that opposition members were willing to join the Alliance, and thereby undermine the authority of the President and move towards the 300-member constitutional majority.

On April 6, 2007 the coalition's members count was reduced to 238 members:[7][8]

Fall of cabinet[edit]

President of Ukraine Yushchenko dissolved parliament on 2 April 2007 because he believed the government was acting illegally during the 2007 Ukrainian political crisis. Yushchenko argued that the constitution only allows whole parliamentary blocs to change sides, not individuals deputies. Yushchenko, Yanukovych and parliamentary speaker Oleksandr Moroz agreed in late May 2007 that the election would be held on 30 September, provided that at least 150 opposition and pro-president MPs formally gave up their seats, thereby creating the legal grounds for dissolving parliament. This happened.[9]

Composition[edit]

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of the Alliance of National Unity was appointed on August 4, 2006;[10] it served until the twelfth Cabinet and Second Tymoshenko Government was chosen on December 18, 2007.[11] Its composition was:

  • Prime Minister - Viktor Yanukovych (Party of Regions)
  • First Vice Prime Minister, Finance Minister - Mykola Azarov (Party of Regions)
  • Vice Prime Minister in affairs of Building, Architecture and Housing and Communal Services - Volodymyr Rybak
  • Vice Prime Minister - Andriy Klyuyev (Party of Regions)
  • Vice Prime Minister - Dmytro Tabachnyk (Party of Regions)
  • Vice Prime Minister - Viktor Slauta
  • Vice Prime Minister - Volodymyr Radchenko (January 12 - May 25, 2007) replaced with Oleksandr Kuzmuk
  • Minister of Internal Affairs - Vasyl Tsushko (Socialist Party of Ukraine)
  • Minister for Foreign Affairs - Borys Tarasyuk (dismissed on December 1, 2006)[12] replaced with Arseniy Yatsenyuk
  • Minister of Coal Mining Industry - Serhiy Tulub (Party of Regions)
  • Minister of Culture - Yuriy Bohutsky
  • Minister of Defense - Anatoliy Hrytsenko
  • Minister of Economy - Volodymyr Makukha replaced with Anatoliy Kinakh (Industrials and Entrepreneurs)
  • Minister of Education and Science - Stanislav Nikolaenko
  • Fuel and Energy Minister - Yuriy Boyko
  • Minister of Labor and Social Policy - Mykhailo Papiev
  • Health Minister - Yuriy Polyachenko
  • Minister of Agro-Industrial Complex - Yuriy Melnyk (Ukrainian People's Party)
  • Minister of Industrial Policy - Anatoliy Holovko
  • Minister of Environmental Protection - Vasyl Dzharty
  • Minister of Transport and Communications - Mykola Rudkovsky
  • Minister of Emergencies - Nestor Shufrych
  • Minister for Family, Youth and Sport - Viktor Korzh
  • Minister of Justice - Oleksandr Lavrynovych
  • Minister in connections with Verkhovna Rada and other state authorities - Ivan Tkalenko
  • Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers - Anatoliy Tolstoukhov

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Agreement on creation of Anti-Crisis Coalition beetwean parties" (in Ukrainian). 2006-07-07. 
  2. ^ "Ukrainian ruling parliamentary coalition renamed as Alliance of National Unity". People's Daily Online. 2007-04-27. 
  3. ^ Analysis: The Faces Of Ukraine's New Cabinet, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (8 August 2006)
  4. ^ Verkhovna Rada approves new Cabinet members, UNIAN (11 November 2006)
  5. ^ Ukraine on its meandering path between East and West by Andrej Lushnycky and Mykola Riabchuk, Peter Lang, 2009, ISBN 3-03911-607-X (page 38)
  6. ^ "Ukraine: Two Viktors, But No Clear Winner". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved October 6, 2006. 
  7. ^ "Transcript of Verkhovna Rada meeting" (in Ukrainian). Official parliament website. 2007-04-06. pp. at about 13:27:02. 
  8. ^ "Coalition officially reduced to 238 deputies" (in Ukrainian). UNIAN. 2007-04-06. 
  9. ^ Q&A: Ukrainian parliamentary poll , BBC News (1 October 2007)
  10. ^ announcement on the Ukrainian parliamentary official website
  11. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Order of the Verkhovna Rada No. 10-VI: On the formation of the composition of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Passed on 2007-12-18. (Ukrainian)
  12. ^ (Yushchenko issued a decree that Tarasyuk must keep his job. Despite a court order and a presidential decree, he was not allowed to enter cabinet meetings. Tarasyuk resigned at the end of January 2007)

External links[edit]