Anti-Jewish violence in Central and Eastern Europe, 1944–46

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Anti-Jewish violence in Central and Eastern Europe included anti-Jewish crimes in various countries that occurred after the retreat of the Nazi German forces and arrival of the Soviet Union Red Army forces.



Hundreds of returning Jews were allegedly killed in Romania.[1] [2]


Anti-Jewish manifestations, sometimes based on blood libel accusations, took place in Hungary in a dozen of places,[3][4][5] for example, in Kunmadaras (two or four dead victims) and Miskolc.


In Slovakia in Topoľčany 48 Jews were seriously injured. 13 anti-Jewish incidents called partisan pogroms took place 1–5 August 1946, the biggest one in Žilina, where 15 people were wounded.[6] [7] Anti-Semitic manifestations took place in Bratislava in August 1946 and in August 1948. [8]


In Kiev, Ukraine on September 4–7, 1945[9] around one hundred Jews were beaten, of whom thirty-six were hospitalized and five died of wounds.[10]


In Rubtsovsk, Russia a number of anti-Semitic incidents took place in 1945.[11]


  1. ^ Minicy Catom Software Engineering Ltd. (1946-07-04). "Institute for Global Jewish Affairs – Global Antisemitism, Anti-Israelism, Jewish Studies". Retrieved 2010-04-08. 
  2. ^ Jean Ancel, "The Return of the Survivors from Transnistria," in David Bankier, ed., The Jews Are Coming Back (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2005), 241
  3. ^ Antisemitism: a historical ... - Google Książki. 1939-01-30. Retrieved 2010-04-08. 
  4. ^ "01 tanulm+választ.q" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-04-08. 
  5. ^ Kenez, Peter (2001). "Antisemitism in Post World War II Hungary - violence, riots; Communist Party policy | Judaism | Find Articles at BNET". Retrieved 2010-04-08. 
  6. ^ "CS Magazin". CS Magazin. Retrieved 2010-04-08. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ "State-sponsored Anti-Semitism in Postwar USSR. Studies and Research Perspectives; Antonella Salomoni". Quest. Issues in Contemporary Jewish History / Questioni di storia ebraica contemporanea. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  10. ^ Amir Weiner. Making Sense of War: The Second World War and the Fate of the Bolshevik Revolution. Princeton University Press. 2008. p. 192.
  11. ^ War, Holocaust and Stalinism: a ... - Google Książki. Retrieved 2010-04-08. 

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