Anti-Western sentiment

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Anti-Western sentiment refers to broad opposition or hostility to the people, policies, or governments in the western world. In many cases the United States and the United Kingdom are the subject of discussion or hostility. Anti-Western sentiment occurs in many countries, such as China, even from the West itself – especially European countries. Broad anti-Western sentiment exists in the Muslim world, for whom the Iraq War and the War in Afghanistan are seen as a campaign against Muslims. Another factor could be the ongoing support by Western governments for Israel.

Europe[edit]

Within the West, some European citizens, or politicians, as well as some Muslim communities are hostile to the society they live in, and a few Muslim communities are sympathetic to terrorism in the West.

In Amsterdam's secondary schools, about half the Moroccan students do not identify with the Netherlands: they see their identity as 'Muslim', and regularly express anti-Western views but, nevertheless, do not want to return to their historical homeland.[1]

An ICM opinion poll indicates that a fifth of the British Muslims have sympathy with the 'feelings and motives' of the suicide bombers who attacked London on 7 July 2005. Overall, the findings depict a Muslim community becoming more radical and feeling more alienated from mainstream society. Four out of 10 British Muslims even want sharia law introduced into parts of the country. These feelings are often perpetuated by a youth population that has never lived anywhere else but the United Kingdom. [2]

China[edit]

Anti-Western sentiment in China has been increasing since the early 1990s, particularly amongst the Chinese youth.[3] Notable incidents which have resulted in a significant anti-Western backlash have included the 1999 NATO bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade,[4] the 2008 demonstrations during the Olympic torch relay[5] and alleged Western media bias,[6] especially in relation to the March 2008 Tibet riots.[7] Whilst available public opinion polls show that the Chinese hold generally favourable views towards the United States,[8] there remains suspicion over the West's motives towards China[8] stemming largely from historical experiences and specifically the 'century of humiliation'.[9] These suspicions have been increased by the Communist Party's "Patriotic Education Campaign".[10]

Russia[edit]

Aside from previous Cold War tensions, Russia has often had tenuous relations with the West, especially under the leadership of Vladimir Putin. However, the strongest anti-Western sentiment lies with ultra-nationalist politicians, including Vladimir Zhirinovsky.

Africa[edit]

Africa is often the posterchild for post-colonial societal collapse where retreating empires left behind nations unable to maintain their current trajectory of development or even their current state of affairs. Many conflicts currently playing out in Africa, similar to the Middle East, are often blamed on France, The United Kingdom, Italy, Portugal, and Germany for arbitrary borders drawn with little regard to the ethnicity, tribal affiliation, and religions of the original inhabitants. The reason religious and ethnic conflicts are so ubiquitous in Africa today is in fact the result of a strategy employed by empires dating back to Ancient Rome under Augustus where the weaker side of a conflict is supported enough to keep the majority oppressed and the whole of the region too distracted to unite under a common cause; especially independence. Frustrations related to the inability to attain independence and a stable trajectory of development result in widespread anti-western sentiment within Africa.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Amsterdam policy document, February 2006. Wij Amsterdammers II: investeren in mensen en grenzen.
  2. ^ Patrick Hennessy and Melissa Kite (2006-02-19). Poll reveals 40pc of Muslims want sharia law in UK. The Telegraph. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Anti-western sentiment flourishes in China". ABC. 24 April 2008. Retrieved 08/06/2009. 
  4. ^ Peter Hays Gries (July 2001). "Tears of Rage: Chinese Nationalist Reactions to the Belgrade Embassy Bombing". The China Journal (Canberra, Australia: Contemporary China Center, Australian National University) 46 (46): 25–43. ISSN 1324-9347. OCLC 41170782. 
  5. ^ "Protests against 'Tibet independence' erupt in cities". China Daily. 2008-04-19. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  6. ^ "Looking past Western media bias against China". China Daily. 28 February 2008. Retrieved 07/06/2009. 
  7. ^ Bristow, Michael (25 March 2008). "China criticises Western media". BBC News. Retrieved 07/06/2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Hope and Fear: Full report of C-100's Survey on American and Chinese Attitudes Toward Each Other". Committee of 100 with assistance from Zogby International and Horizon Research Consultancy Group. 2008. Retrieved 8 June 2009. 
  9. ^ Peter Ford (2008-04-17). "Chinese vent anti-Western fury online". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 08/06/2009. 
  10. ^ Zhao, Suisheng: "A State-led Nationalism: The Patriotic Education Campaign in Post- Tiananmen China", Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 31, No. 3. 1998. pp. 287–302