Antiemetic

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An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea. Antiemetics are typically used to treat motion sickness and the side effects of opioid analgesics, general anaesthetics, and chemotherapy directed against cancer. They may be used for severe cases of gastroenteritis, especially if the patient is dehydrated.

Antiemetics can also be used for morning sickness, but there is little information about the effect on the fetus, and doctors prefer not to use them unless it is strictly necessary.[1]

Types of antiemetics[edit]

Antiemetics include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zachary A. Flake, Robert D. Scalley, Austin G. Bailey (Mar 1, 2004), "Practical Selection of Antiemetics", Am Fam Physician 69 (5): 1169–1174 
  2. ^ a b c http://www.mesotheliomaweb.org/mesothelioma/treatment/chemotherapy/anti-Enausea-treatment/
  3. ^ Pae C-U. Low-dose mirtazapine may be successful treatment option for severe nausea and vomiting. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry [Internet]. 2006 Aug 30 [cited 2013 Sep 27];30(6):1143–5. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278584606000935
  4. ^ Kast R e., Foley K f. Cancer chemotherapy and cachexia: mirtazapine and olanzapine are 5-HT3 antagonists with good antinausea effects. European Journal of Cancer Care [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2013 Sep 27];16(4):351–4. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2354.2006.00760.x/abstract
  5. ^ National Institute of Mental Health. PDSD Ki Database (Internet) [cited 2013 Sep 27]. Chapel Hill (NC): University of North Carolina. 1998-2013. Available from: http://pdsp.med.unc.edu/pdsp.php
  6. ^ Abdel-Aziz H, Windeck T, Ploch M, Verspohl EJ. (2006-01-13), "Mode of action of gingerols and shogaols on 5-HT3 receptors: binding studies, cation uptake by the receptor channel and contraction of isolated guinea-pig ileum.", Eur J Pharmacol. 530 (1-2): 136–43, PMID 16364290  Epub 2005 Dec 20
  7. ^ Huang, Q.; Iwamoto, Y.; Aoki, S.; Tanaka, N.; Tajima, K.; Yamahara, J.; Takaishi, Y.; Yoshida, M.; Tomimatsu, T.; Tamai, Y. (1991). "Anti-5-hydroxytryptamine3 effect of galanolactone, diterpenoid isolated from ginger". Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin 39 (2): 397–399. doi:10.1248/cpb.39.397. PMID 2054863.  edit
  8. ^ Marx, WM; Teleni L; McCarthy AL; Vitetta L; McKavanagh D; Thomson D; Isenring E. (2013). "Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: a systematic literature review". Nutr Rev 71 (4): 245–54. doi:10.1111/nure.12016. PMID 23550785. 
  9. ^ Ernst, E.; Pittler, M.H. (1 March 2000). "Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials" (PDF). British Journal of Anesthesia 84 (3): 367–371. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.bja.a013442. PMID 10793599. Retrieved 6 September 2006. 
  10. ^ hoe 2#section1 Muscimol. Chemical Data Sheet, Database of Hazardous Materials, CAMEO chemicals

See also[edit]