Anti-sweatshop movement refers to campaigns to improve the conditions of workers in sweatshops, i.e. manufacturing places characterized by low wages, poor working conditions and often child labor. It started in the 19th century in some industrialized countries: USA, Australia and the UK to improve the conditions of workers in those countries.
In the late 20th century, with the advent of globalization, movements were formed to protest the exploitation of workers in poorer countries by companies based in wealthy countries. Noam Chomsky said in The Nation that the anti-sweatshop movement is in some ways, he said, "like the antiapartheid movement, except that in this case it's striking at the core of the relations of exploitation. It's another example of how different constituencies are working together."
Some Anti-Sweatshop Campaigners
- Lady Astor
- Alfred Deakin
- Alfred George Gardiner
- Vida Goldstein
- Florence Kelley
- Charles Kernaghan
- Mary Reid Macarthur
- Samuel Mauger
- R. H. Tawney
- Child labour
- National Anti-Sweating League
- National Labor Committee in Support of Human and Worker Rights
- Sheila Blackburn (1991) The Historical Journal 34 (1) 43-64 "Ideology and Social Policy: The Origins of the Trade Boards Act"
- "Talking 'Anarchy' With Chomsky", The Nation, April 5, 2000