The play is the myth as written by Sophocles in 441BCE, albeit a concise or abridged version. Cocteau himself called it a 'contraction' of the Sophocles text.
The Antigone of Cocteau is modern, yet more traditional than the 1944 adaptation by Jean Anouilh. Cocteau's fondness for mythological subjects is shown in this piece (as in 1934 The Infernal Machine (1934)). Antonin Artaud played the role of Tiresias. It is dedicated to Genica Athanasiou, who played the title role.