An antimagic square of order n is an arrangement of the numbers 1 to n2 in a square, such that the sums of the n rows, the n columns and the two diagonals form a sequence of 2n + 2 consecutive integers. The smallest antimagic squares have order 4.
In each of these two antimagic squares of order 4, the rows, columns and diagonals sum to ten different numbers in the range 29–38.
- How many antimagic squares of a given order exist?
- Do antimagic squares exist for all orders greater than 3?
- Is there a simple proof that no antimagic square of order 3 exists?
A sparse antimagic square (SAM) is a square matrix of size n by n of nonnegative integers whose nonzero entries are the consecutive integers for some , and whose row-sums and column-sums constitute a set of consecutive integers. If the diagonals are included in the set of consecutive integers, the array is known as a sparse totally anti-magic square (STAM). Note that a STAM is not necessarily a SAM, and vice-versa.