Antioch, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 42°28′45″N 88°5′27″W / 42.47917°N 88.09083°W / 42.47917; -88.09083
Antioch
Village
Country United States
State Illinois
County Lake
Township Antioch
Coordinates 42°28′45″N 88°5′27″W / 42.47917°N 88.09083°W / 42.47917; -88.09083
Area 8.60 sq mi (22 km2)
 - land 8.21 sq mi (21 km2)
 - water 0.38 sq mi (1 km2)
Population 14,430 (2010)
Density 1,955.3 / sq mi (755 / km2)
Settled 1830s
Incorporation as village March 18, 1892
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 60002, 60003
Area code 847
Per capita income: $25,711 (2000)
Home value: $159,900 (2000)
Location of Antioch within Illinois
Location of Antioch within Illinois
Website: Official website

Antioch is a village in the Antioch Township of Lake County, Illinois, United States. The population was 14,430 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Prior to incorporation[edit]

The Pottawatomi Indian Tribe, nomadic hunters who lived in tepees, inhabited Antioch when white men began to arrive. They fought with the British in the War of 1812 and then with the American settlers in the Blackhawk War of 1832. It was in 1832 that the Indians began to leave the area, although arrowheads and other remnants of their history can still be found today if one knows where to look. The winding Highway 173 was once an Indian trail and Highway 83 was the Muquonago Trail.[1]

The first permanent white settlement in Antioch was the Gage Brothers' cabin on Sequoit Creek, a tributary of the Fox River. In 1839, Hiram Buttrick built a sawmill along the creek, making Antioch a center of commerce. A replica of the mill has been built a few hundred feet downstream from where it once stood.[1]

The influence of the Gage brothers is important when trying to understand the history and names of the Antioch area, as many local businesses, as well as ACHS sports teams, bear the word "Sequoit." There is no Native American tribe named "Sequoit" or any Native American word for that matter stemming from Antioch's Pottawatomi inhabitants. Though the word "sequoit" has Native American origins, the story behind the name is as complicated as it is historically interesting. Fred Willman explains in his in-depth book examining Illinois high school nicknames, "Why Mascots Have Tales", "The word Sequoit is a form of spelling of the Iroquois Indian word Sa-da-quoit, which was the name the Iroquois Indians gave to a stream that flows through Oneida County in New York state. In the Iroquois language, Sa-da-quoit literally means ‘smooth pebbles in the bed of a stream.’ When white settlers moved into Oneida County, they modified the spelling and pronunciation of the stream to Sequoit Creek." This was later transplanted and modified when the Gage brothers moved from New York State to northern Illinois.

Incorporation as village[edit]

Antioch was officially founded just prior to the Civil War by a congregation of the Disciples of Christ, also known as the Church of Christ. In 1843, less enthusiastically religious residents mockingly recommended the Christian name "Antioch" (the name of a city in present-day Turkey that was a chief center of early Christianity), and the name stuck. Partly due to being a regional center of the abolitionist movement, Antioch is noted as having sent a disproportionately high number of its young men to the Union Army. Shortly after the Civil War, the town disincorporated, as many of the initial religious settlers moved away.

In 1892, Antioch reincorporated as a village, which it has been continuous to this day. The town grew as new settlers (primarily of English and German descent) established farms and businesses.

In the late 1800s, Antioch became a popular vacation spot for Chicagoans. Tourism grew quickly once the rail line to Chicago was laid in 1886. Originally, farmers near the lake accepted boarders, then they added guest rooms onto their homes. Eventually hotels and subdivisions of summer cottages were built. The tourists took excursion boats through the renowned flowering lotus beds. Hunting, fishing, dancing and gambling were big draws, but most tourists (not to mention year-round residents) simply preferred the quiet country life over the hustle and bustle of Chicago. During Prohibition, one famous Antioch resident was Al Capone, who owned a summer home on nearby Bluff Lake.[1]

Fire destroyed much of downtown in 1891, 1903, and 1904. What remained was a little known cottage, titled "Steve's Cottage", on what is commonly called "Loon Lake." In 1905, the town rebuilt with brick and started a public water system. The base of the first water tower is still found at the corner of Toft and Orchard Streets. A volunteer Fire Department was formed in 1913.[1]

The town grew at a steady pace through the years. Harvesting ice to supply iceboxes was a major industry in the area for many years. Pickard China, a manufacturer of fine china, has been a steady employer in Antioch since 1937. In the 1950s, the village developed a large industrial park along Anita Avenue, which greatly contributes to the tax and employment base.[1]

Home of Bencher, Inc the leading manufacturer of iambic keys for amateur radio operators worldwide.

Geography[edit]

Antioch is located nearly halfway between Chicago and Milwaukee at 42°28′45″N 88°5′27″W / 42.47917°N 88.09083°W / 42.47917; -88.09083 (42.479069, -88.090878).[2]

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 8.60 square miles (22.3 km2), of which 8.21 square miles (21.3 km2) (or 95.47%) is land and 0.38 square miles (0.98 km2) (or 4.42%) is water.[3][4]

The village lies in a gently rolling moraine landscape, dominated by lakes of glacial origin. Among these are the Antioch Lake, located south of the village center, Lake Marie, located west of the village center and the Redwing Slough Lake, located east of the village center. There are several smaller lakes and ponds, along with a complement of wetlands.

Climate[edit]

Similar to Chicago, Antioch lies in a humid continental climate zone and experiences four distinct seasons. Antioch receives an average of 36.74 inches (933 mm) of precipitation each year.[5]

Climate data for Antioch, IL
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 29
(−2)
33
(1)
44
(7)
57
(14)
68
(20)
78
(26)
82
(28)
81
(27)
73
(23)
61
(16)
47
(8)
33
(1)
57.2
(14.1)
Average low °F (°C) 14
(−10)
17
(−8)
27
(−3)
38
(3)
47
(8)
57
(14)
63
(17)
61
(16)
54
(12)
41
(5)
31
(−1)
19
(−7)
39.1
(3.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.60
(40.6)
1.54
(39.1)
2.09
(53.1)
3.21
(81.5)
4.24
(107.7)
4.71
(119.6)
3.57
(90.7)
4.08
(103.6)
3.54
(89.9)
3.09
(78.5)
2.75
(69.9)
2.32
(58.9)
36.74
(933.1)
Source: The Weather Channel[5]


Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 1,101
1940 1,098 −0.3%
1950 1,307 19.0%
1960 2,268 73.5%
1970 3,189 40.6%
1980 4,419 38.6%
1990 6,105 38.2%
2000 8,788 43.9%
2010 14,430 64.2%
Decennial US Census

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 8,788 people, 3,235 households, and 2,351 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,190.4 people per square mile (459.8/km²). There were 3,346 housing units at an average density of 453.2 per square mile (175.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.19% White, 1.07% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.42% of the population.

There were 3,235 households out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the village the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $56,481, and the median income for a family was $66,589. Males had a median income of $51,503 versus $31,389 for females. The per capita income for the village was $25,711. About 2.3% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Most of Antioch's residents work outside of the village, in Chicago or neighboring villages.[citation needed] Residents can reach both Chicago and Milwaukee by way of Interstate 94 and U.S. Route 41. Since 1996, Metra's North Central Service has played an increasingly important role in the development of Antioch. Weekday train service to and from Chicago appeals to many commuters and has given rise to new commercial development near the train depot. The village is currently undergoing rapid commercial and residential growth, with a majority of it along the Illinois Route 173 corridor. One of the last remaining operating Dairy Farms in Lake County also resides near much of the residential growth on Route 173 in Antioch. There was once over 1,700 farms, over four hundred which were dairy farms operating in the County in 1940. But this number has since been reduced to just 3 to 4 dairies still in operation and a little over 22,000 acres (90 km2) of harvested corn and soybeans left in the County. Glenraven Farms resides just west of Highway 45 on Route 173 on 325 acres (1.3 km2) and has been in constant operation since the early 1950s. Golden Oaks Farms which bordered the property into the late 90's and was also a Dairy Farm was bought by the Lake County Forest Preserve and turned into a park and conservation area.

The village has some small industry. Manufacturers in Antioch include the world famous Pickard China factory, which makes fine china for Air Force One and Camp David, and Fischer Paper Products, which produces pinch bottom bags and other packaging products. Downtown Antioch has a mix of small retailers focused on antiques, quilting, small clothing boutiques and a variety of ethnic restaurants.

During the 2000s Antioch experienced extensive commercial development – in addition to the establishment of branches of chain restaurants such as Culvers, Popeyes, and Arbys, and a CVS Pharmacy store during the mid-2000s a new commercial center was established on the outskirts of Antioch which includes, among others, a Wal-Mart shopping center and a Menards home improvement store.

Top employers[edit]

According to Antioch's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[7] the top employers in the village were:

# Employer # of Employees
1 W.C. Petty Elementary 470
2 Super WalMart 360
3 Jewel/Osco 185
4 Antioch Community High School 130
5 Raymond Chevrolet/Kia 108
6 The Advertiser 100
7 Janis Plastics 75
8 Pickard China 75
9 Piggly Wiggly 72
10 State Bank of the Lakes 70

Government[edit]

Elected officials[edit]

The village of Antioch is a non-home rule municipality which functions under the council-manager form of government with a village President and a six-member Board of Trustees, all of whom are elected to four-year terms. The Village President and three of the Trustees are elected every four years. The other group of three Trustees are also elected for four-year terms, but this election is staggered and takes place two years after the first group.

As of 2013, the village office holders are:

Name Profession Term Notes
Lawrence M. Hanson Village mayor 2013-2017[8]
Dennis B. Crosby Village trustee 2011-2015[8]
Mary C. Dominiak Village trustee 2011-2015[8]
Jerry T. Johnson Village trustee 2013-2017[8]
Scott A. Pierce Village trustee 2013-2017[8]
Ted P. Poulos Village trustee 2013-2017[8]
George C. Sakas Village trustee 2011-2015[8]

Safety[edit]

The Antioch Police Department employs 42 persons, consisting of 30 sworn personnel. The Department has a Chief of Police, 2 Commanders, and 5 Sergeants with the remaining sworn personnel being in the Detective Division and the Patrol Division. The Department also has an Explorer post consisting of an Explorer Chief, lieutenant, 2 sergeants, and 3 Explorers. The entire department continues to grow as the Village of Antioch expands.

The Antioch Fire Department provides fire protection 24/7 with paid on call firefighters. The fire department currently uses 3 fire stations to house its different equipment, although currently only Station #1 in the downtown area is staffed 24/7 with part-time personnel. Antioch Fire Department has a vast array of equipment to use including several engines, a tower ladder truck, 2 water tenders, 2 boats including an air boat, and a six wheeled vehicle to access hard to reach areas. Antioch Fire Dept. also owns several pieces of special equipment including new state of the art extrication equipment used to extricate injured people from wrecked cars. The Antioch First Fire Protection District was the first organized fire protection district in the state. The Fire Department also has an Explorer post for youths ages 15 to 20 interested in making the fire service a career.[9]

A volunteer rescue squad provides 911 ambulance service to the community. The Antioch Rescue Squad was the first Advanced Life Support (ALS) licensed rescue squad in the state, with the first licensed paramedics in the State of Illinois. Currently, the Antioch Rescue Squad maintains a fleet of 4 ALS ambulances and 4 non transport vehicles and is the sole 911 ambulance service provider for the Antioch community. The Antioch Rescue Squad operates out of the north side of Antioch Fire Station 1 which is located in downtown Antioch. Rescue squad paramedics also staff Antioch Fire Station 2 (located on Deep Lake Rd) with an ambulance crew 24/7.[10]

The police department and the fire department are housed in separate buildings next to each other. The Antioch Village Board elected to close the communication center in 2012, electing to outsource all of its 911 emergency dispatch service (Police, Fire, and Rescue) to another center located in Round Lake Beach.[citation needed] In March 1993, the Antioch Police Department became a part of the Lake County Enhanced 911 system.

Schools[edit]

Public schools are managed by the Antioch Community Consolidated School District 34.

The schools in the district include:

Public schools

Middle Schools (6-8)

  • W.C. Petty Elementary School
  • Antioch Upper Grade School
  • Hillcrest Elementary School
  • Emmons Grade School (serves unincorporated Antioch)
  • Oakland Elementary School
  • Antioch Elementary School
  • Grass Lake Elementary School

High School (9-12)

Private schools[edit]

Private middle schools:

  • Saint Peter Elementary School (Grades KG-8)
  • Faith Evangelical Lutheran School (Grades PK-8)

Library[edit]

The Antioch Public Library is located at 757 Main Street (Route 83). The collection of the library contains 135,716 volumes. The library circulates 371,105 items per year. The library serves a population of 25,706 residents.[11]

The Antioch Public Library began as an Antioch Women's Club project in 1921. Initially the Women's Club raised funds for the establishment of a village library and the residents donated books for the library. This first village library was located at 934 Main Street and was open only two days a week. In 1922 the library was moved to the Antioch Village Hall at 875 Main Street. In 1930 the library was moved again to the corner of Main Street and Depot Street. In 1941, the Library was moved again to 883 Main Street. In 1950 William Schroeder family donated the property located at 757 Main Street to the Village of Antioch for use as a library. The new library building was officially opened in 1970. In August 2001 construction began of a 18,000-square-foot addition to the Antioch Public Library facility. The construction was completed in January 2003.[12]

Arts and recreation[edit]

The Chain O'Lakes found along the Fox River, serves as an aquatic mecca for boating and summer leisure while skiing and snowmobiling abound during the winter months. Along with neighboring Fox Lake, Antioch has become host to numerous pro and amateur national fishing tournaments. For instance, on Loon Lake every July, fishers from all over the world try to catch the elusive "Batman fish".

The "Batman Fish" has been a legend ever since Forest Lithgard claimed to have discovered a new breed of fish with a brownish pattern resembling the Batman symbol.[citation needed] The Batman fish is believed to have been imported by Lithgard, who claimed to have caught the fish near the Malay Archipelago. Marine biologist Dr. McBunty disputes this, pointing out that the dark brown markings indicate a species native to the Atlantic Ocean.[citation needed]

Kite flying is also a popular sporting event on Loon Lake during Labor Day Weekend. Currently, the Swiss Kiting Federation holds the record for the longest kite flight of 1 hour and 24 minutes.[citation needed]

The village is bordered by four holdings of the Lake County Forest Preserve District, an award winning and nationally recognized land conservation organization.[13]

There is currently a thriving performing arts scene, centered around the PM&L Theatre as well as the civic bandstand behind Main Street.

Antioch is the home of the Antioch Fine Arts Foundation (AFAF),[14] serving Antioch, Greater Lake County, IL and Southeast WI since 2001. AFAF is a not-for-profit organization whose function is to coordinate and promote area arts programs. AFAF offers a gallery, regular special exhibits, an artists' library, classes, workshops, and other special events. Membership is open to artists, patrons of the arts, and anyone interested in art appreciation. The AFAF Gallery is a not-for-profit gallery staffed by member volunteers. The gallery displays work by area artists and presents exhibits of unique diversity and excellence. Throughout the year, the gallery hosts special receptions and openings for artists' new works. The AFAF Gallery is conveniently located at 983 Main Street, Antioch, Illinois 60002 (corner of Main (Rt. 83) and Ida). AFAF Gallery also hosts a casual folk music presentation on the second Saturday of every month from 1 to 4 pm. The music is free, and open to the public.

Transportation[edit]

The Metra train station near downtown Antioch.

As mentioned earlier, Antioch serves as a terminal for Metra's North Central Service line. Riders can use the line to travel to Chicago and various northwestern suburbs. They can also use the line to reach the O'Hare International Airport.

Western Kenosha County Transit Route 2 serves parts of Antioch Monday-Saturday, connecting riders to several towns, villages and unincorporated municipalities throughout Kenosha County. Riders can also transfer to Route 1 and Route 3 to travel to Kenosha and Lake Geneva, respectively.

Major streets[edit]

Several major highways and state routes cross over and travel around Antioch. The following table lists the major roads in the Antioch region and a brief description about the location of the route.

Sign Route number Local name Location description
Illinois 83.svg Illinois Route 83 Main Street Crosses through the town center
Illinois 59.svg Illinois Route 59 Lake Street ends at the center of Antioch at the junction with Illinois Route 173
Illinois 173.svg Illinois Route 173 Kenosha Street Runs W-E through the Village and Township of Antioch.
US 45.svg U.S. Route 45 Runs N-S along the eastern edge of town, from Lindenhurst to WI.
North Avenue Runs W-E on the "North" side of town, from a neighborhood, entering Wadsworth.
Depot Street Runs W-E, from downtown, ending at Deep Lake Rd.
Deep Lake Road Runs N-S, from Grand Ave in Lake Villa to WI border.

Recreation[edit]

Pools
  • Village of Antioch Pool
Golf courses
  • Antioch Golf Club
Lakes
  • Antioch Lake
  • Cross Lake
  • Lake Marie
  • Redwing Slough Lake
  • Silver Lake
  • Homer White Lake
Parks
  • North Park
  • Jensen Park
  • Gage Brothers Park
  • Woods of Antioch Park
  • Tiffany Farms Park
  • Centennial Park
  • Osmond Park
  • Sprenger Park
  • Village Park
  • Pedersen Park

Notable people[edit]


References[edit]

External links[edit]