Antiochia ad Cragum

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Antiochia ad Cragum (Greek: Αντιόχεια του Κράγου) also known as Antiochetta or Latin: Antiochia Parva (meaning "Little Antiochia") is an ancient Hellenistic city on Cragus (or Cragos or Kragos) mountain overlooking the Mediterranean coast, in the region of Cilicia Trachea, in Anatolia (the site is now located at Güney, Antalya Province, Turkey). [1] Some scholars claim an identity of Antiochia ad Cragum with the city Cragus (Kragos) or, although it lies more than 100 km away, with Sidyma, which some scholars assert was the Lycian Cragus (Kragos).

The city was founded by Antiochus IV Epiphanes in approximately 170 BC. It minted coins from the mid-1st century to the mid-2nd century; the last known of which were issued under Roman Emperor Valerian. The city became part of the kingdom of Lesser Armenia in the 12th century. In 1332, the Knights Hospitallers took the city, after which it was known variously as Antiochetta, Antiocheta, Antiocheta in Rufine (Papal bull of Pope John XXII), and Antiochia Parva.

In Byzantine times, Antiochia Parva was the seat of a bishop. The names of five of its bishops are known. Antonius took part in the First Council of Nicaea in 325, Theodosius in the First Council of Constantinople in 381, Acacius in the Council of Chalcedon in 451, Zacharias in the Trullan Council of 692, and Theophanes in the Council held in Constantinople in 879–880.[1] Since it is no longer a residential bishopric, it is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[2]

Ruins of the city remain, and include fortifications, baths, chapels, Roman necropolis, and the largest Roman mosaic found in Turkey.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. II, coll. 1017-1020
  2. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 834
  3. ^ NBC News.com 09/21/13
  • Blue Guide, Turkey, The Aegean and Mediterranean Coasts (ISBN 0-393-30489-2), pp. 516–17