Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America

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The Self-Ruled Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America
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Saint Mary's Antiochian Orthodox Christian Church in Livonia, Michigan.
Founder St. Raphael of Brooklyn
Independence Self-Rule granted in 2003
Recognition Self-Ruled Archdiocese of the Church of Antioch
Primate Patriarch John X of Antioch and All the East
Headquarters Patriarchal: Damascus, Syria
Archdiocesan: Englewood, NJ
Territory United States and Canada
Possessions  United States
 Canada
Members 74,600 in the U.S. (27,300 regular attendees in the U.S. only) [1][1]
Website http://www.antiochian.org//
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The Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America (often referred to in North America simply as the Antiochian Archdiocese) is the sole jurisdiction of the Antiochian Orthodox Church in the United States and Canada with exclusive jurisdiction over the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in those countries. The Antiochian Orthodox followers were originally cared for by the Russian Orthodox Church in America and the first bishop consecrated in North America, Saint Raphael of Brooklyn, was consecrated by the Russian Orthodox Church in America in 1904 to care for the Syro-Levantine Greek Orthodox Christian Ottoman immigrants to the USA and Canada, who had come chiefly from the Vilayets of Adana, Aleppo, Beirut and Damascus (the birthplace of the community's founder St Raphael).

After the Bolshevik Revolution threw the Russian Orthodox Church and its faithful abroad into chaos, the Syro-Levantine Greek Orthodox Christian faithful in North America, simultaneously shaken by the death of their beloved bishop St Raphael, chose to come under the direct care of the Damascus-based Patriarchate of Antioch. Due to internal conflicts, however, the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in North America were divided between two archdioceses, those of New York and Toledo.

In 1975 the two Antiochian Orthodox archdioceses were united as one Archdiocese of North America (now with its headquarters in Englewood, New Jersey). Since then it has experienced significant growth through ongoing evangelization and the immigration of Orthodox Arabs from the Middle East. The most recent primate was Metropolitan Philip Saliba. Six other diocesan bishops assist the metrololitan in caring for the nine dioceses of the growing archdiocese, which is the third largest Orthodox Christian jurisdiction in North America, with 74,600 adherents in the United States, 27,300 of whom are regular church attendees. As of 2011, it also has 249 parishes in the United States with two monastic communities.[2]

On October 9, 2003, the Holy Synod of the Antiochian Orthodox Church granted the archdiocese's request to be granted self-rule status to allow it to better govern itself, improve and increase its outreach efforts, internally organize itself into several dioceses, and progress further on the road to the administrative unity of the Orthodox Church in the Americas.[2]

The archdiocese had formerly been a member of the National Council of Churches (NCC), but its archdiocesan convention voted unanimously on July 28, 2005, to withdraw fully from that body, citing increased politicization and a generally fruitless relationship, making it the only major Orthodox jurisdiction in the US to take such a step.[3][4]

Many conservative former Anglicans have turned to the archdiocese as a jurisdiction, some joining and leading Western Rite parishes with liturgy more familiar to Western Christians. The current mission of the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America is to "bring America to Orthodoxy" and has a very active Department on Mission and Evangelism which was chaired by Fr. Peter Gillquist who led the mass conversion of the Evangelical Orthodox Church to Eastern Orthodoxy. Gullquist retired in December 2011 and died in July 2012. Fr. Michael Keiser was named as his successor as head of the department.[3] The archdiocese broadcasts Ancient Faith Radio, an Internet-based radio station with content themed around Orthodox Christianity.

As a result of its evangelism and missionary work, the Antiochian Archdiocese saw significant growth between the mid-1960s and 2012. The archdiocese had only 65 parishes across the United States in the mid-1960s and by 2011 this number had increased to 249 parishes.[4]

Metropolitan archbishop and bishops[edit]

Brooklyn cathedral
  • Metropolitan Silouan, Patriarchal Vicar of All North America
  • Archbishop Joseph of the Antiochian Orthodox Diocese of Los Angeles and the West (Locum Tenens of the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America)
  • Bishop Antoun of the Antiochian Orthodox Diocese of Miami and the Southeast
  • Bishop Basil of the Antiochian Orthodox Diocese of Wichita and Mid-America
  • Bishop Thomas of the Antiochian Orthodox Diocese of Charleston, Oakland, and the Mid-Atlantic
  • Bishop Alexander of the Antiochian Orthodox Diocese of Ottawa, Eastern Canada, and Upstate New York
  • Bishop John of the Antiochian Orthodox Diocese of Worcester and New England
  • Bishop Anthony of the Antiochian Orthodox Diocese of Toledo and the Midwest
  • Bishop Nicholas of the Antiochian Orthodox Diocese of Brooklyn

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

1.^ The number of adherents given in the "Atlas of American Orthodox Christian Churches" is defined as "individual full members" with the addition of their children. It also includes an estimate of how many are not members but regularly participate in parish life. Regular attendees includes only those who regularly attend church and regularly participate in church life.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krindatch, A. (2011). Atlas of american orthodox christian churches. (p. 44). Brookline,MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press
  2. ^ Krindatch, A. (2011). Atlas of american orthodox christian churches. (p. 44). Brookline,MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press
  3. ^ http://www.antiochian.org/content/fr-peter-gillquist-retire-head-department-missions-and-evangelism-fr-michael-keiser
  4. ^ Krindatch, A. (2011). Atlas of american orthodox christian churches. (p. 45). Brookline,MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press
  5. ^ Krindatch, A. (2011). Atlas of american orthodox christian churches. (p. x). Brookline,MA: Holy Cross Orthodox Press

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°35′15″N 74°24′48″W / 40.5874°N 74.4134°W / 40.5874; -74.4134