Antipope Innocent III
- Antipope Innocent III should not be confused with Pope Innocent III.
Innocent III (Lanzo of Sezza) was an antipope from 29th September 1179 to January 1180; original name Lando Di Sezze (born , Sezze, Papal States —died , La Cava, Apulia), was the last of four antipopes (1179–80) during the pontificate of Alexander III. A member of a family of German origin, he was a cardinal when elected on Sept. 29, 1179, by a faction opposing Alexander, who, in January 1180, relegated Innocent to the southern Italian abbey of SS. Trinità in La Cava, where he died.
In 1179, the enemies of Pope Alexander III (1159-1181) had successfully forced the pope to flee Rome, and never to return. In his place, the Roman barons setup Cardinal Lando of Sezza as Pope Innocent III on 29 September 1179. They had the support of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. Most other European countries supported Alexander III however.
Papal Claim Defeated 
The main support in Rome for Innocent III was from the powerful Roman Tusulum families, who had setup the two previous antipopes - Antipope Victor IV (1159-1164) and his successor, Paschal III (1164-1168). The brother of the late Victor IV, out of hatred for Alexander III, gave Lando a well fortified castle at Palombara to defend against Alexander's supporters. A few months later however, Cardinal Hugo successfully bribed the guards to gain the castle. Innocent III and his supporters were then locked up for life in the monastery of La Cava in January 1180.
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Innocent". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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