Antiqua maneria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Antiqua maneria (ancient manors) were the original 17 manors belonging to the Earldom of Cornwall.

After March 1337 these manors passed to the new Duchy of Cornwall which was created by King Edward III to give financial support to his son Edward, the Black Prince (1330 - 1376).

The table below shows the 17 Antiqua maneria including the number and status of Customary tenants in the early fourteenth century: the manors vary greatly in size and importance. The parishes stated are the modern parishes rather than those in existence in the 14th century.[1]

Table of customary tenants in the early fourteenth century[edit]

Conventionarii = Conventionary tenants; Villani = Villeins; Nativi = Villeins; Liberi Conventionarii = Free tenants; Nativi Conventionarii = Conventionary tenants; Nativi de Stipite = Villeins by descent

Manor 1300 1327-32 1333-1340
Conventionarii Villani Conventionarii Nativi Liberi Conventionarii Nativi Conventionarii Nativi de Stipite
Calstock 14 53 - - 29 49 8
Climsland 23 81 25 69 28 49 18
Helston in Kirrier 76 11 102 6 102 5 2
Helston in Trigg (Helstone in Lanteglos); and Penmayne 33 78 - - 37 72 11
Liskeard 41 26 46 36 49 34 4
Moresk in St Clement parish 20 19 - - 24 20 2
Penkneth in Lanlivery parish 9 6 - - 7 3 7
Penlyne in Lostwithiel parish 22 2 - - 20 1 1
Penmayne in St Minver parish

see

Helston in Trigg - - - - -
Restormel in Lostwithiel parish 2 12 - 15 - 8 8
Rillaton in Linkinhorne parish 7 6 - - 3 10 5
Talskiddy in St Columb Major parish 2 1 4 3 3 3 0
Tewington in Treverbyn parish 43 11 52 12 52 6 5
Tintagel 14 28 25 30 26 30 -
Trematon in St Stephens by Saltash parish 29 21 38 25 37 16 6
Tybesta, in Creed parish 28 21 37 16 36 14 4
Tywarnhaile in St Agnes parish 12 15 - - 11 15 2

See also[edit]

Royal charters applying to Cornwall

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hatcher, John (1970) Rural Economy and Society in the Duchy of Cornwall 1300-1500. Cambridge University Press; p. 76 ISBN 0-521-08550-0