|Design based on||Gill Sans|
Despite being named "antique" (equivalent to "roman" in American typographic terminology), Antique Olive is actually a humanist sans-serif typeface along the lines of Gill Sans. It was designed in the early 1960s by French typographer Roger Excoffon, an art director and former consultant to the Marseilles based Fonderie Olive. In addition to a basic weight, Antique Olive was produced in medium, condensed, wide, bold, condensed bold, extra bold (known as Antique Olive Compact), and ultra bold (known as Nord). The key shapes, especially the letter O, resemble an olive, which is one of the characteristics which make Excoffon's typefaces unique.
Lewis Blackwell later commented on the design, "An attempt to offer a more refined sans serif than presented by Helvetica and Univers, but it was too characterful and too late to be widely adopted outside of France."
- Provan, Archie, and Alexander S. Lawson, 100 Type Histories (volume 1), National Composition Association, Arlington, Virginia, 1983. pp. 16-17.
- Jaspert, W. Pincus, W. Turner Berry and A.F. Johnson. The Encyclopedia of Type Faces. Blandford Press Lts.: 1953, 1983, ISBN 0-7137-1347-X, p. 2408-249
- "Antique Olive". The Typehead Chronicle. 1999-02-22. Retrieved 2011-10-20.