Antoine Émile Henry Labeyrie
Antoine Émile Henry Labeyrie graduated from the "grande école" SupOptique (École supérieure d'optique). He invented speckle interferometry, and works with astronomical interferometers. Labeyrie concentrated particularly on the use of "diluted optics" beam combination or "densified pupils" of a similar type but larger scale than those Michelson used for measuring the diameters of stars in the 1920s, in contrast to other astronomical interferometer researchers who generally switched to pupil-plane beam combination in the 1980s and 1990s.
He is currently working on what he calls a "Hypertelescope", an extremely large astronomical interferometer with spherical geometry that might theoretically show features on Earth-like worlds around other suns. This "Hypertelescope" project would be much more complex (and expensive) than the Darwin Mission and Terrestrial Planet Finder interferometer missions, and would involve many large free-flying spacecraft seen as parts of a fractionated spacecraft or a satellite constellation, utilizing a densified pupil beam combiner. Instead of delay lines, a Mertz corrector would be used to compensate the optical path differences between the mirrors in the array (requiring the individual telescopes to be positioned to a fraction of a wavelength).
- "Sitting on Labeyrie's drawing board are plans for a hypertelescope, a new breed of space telescope that is capable of mapping distant cousins of Earth in exquisite detail... Malcolm Fridlund, project scientist for ESA's Darwin mission in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, is pragmatic. 'The costs would be really prohibitive,' he points out."
He was awarded the The Benjamin Franklin Medal in 2000.
- Website of the Observational Astrophysics chair at Collège de France
- Attainment of Diffraction Limited Resolution in Large Telescopes by Fourier Analysing Speckle Patterns in Star Images, Labeyrie 1970,Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 6, p. 85
- Govert Schilling (23 February 2006). "The hypertelescope: a zoom with a view". New Scientist.
- Antoine Labeyrie, Resolved imaging of extra-solar planets with future 10-100 km optical interferometric arrays, Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series 118 (1996), 517-24.
- Antoine Labeyrie, Snapshots of Alien Worlds – The Future of Interferometry, Science 285 (1999), 1864-65 (full text limited to subscribers).
- Tony Reichhardt, French Astronomer Designs Telescope of the Future, Space.com, 16 September 1999.
- Govert Schilling, The hypertelescope: a zoom with a view, New Scientist, n. 2540, 23 February 2006 (full text limited to subscribers, article contains some scientific misconceptions).
- Bruce Dorminey, Astronomers build hypertelescope in southern French alps, Forbes, 26 March 2012
- H. Le Coroller, J. Dejonghe, C. Arpesella, D. Vernet, A. Labeyrie (1 November 2004). "Tests with a Carlina-type hypertelescope prototype I. Demonstration of star tracking and fringe acquisition with a balloon-suspended focal camera". Astronomy & Astrophysics 426 (2): 721–728. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20041088.
- D. Ricci, H. Le Coroller, A. Labeyrie (22 June 2009). "Extreme coronagraphy with an adaptive hologram : Simulations of exo-planet imaging". Astronomy & Astrophysics 503: 301–308. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200811529.