Efforts in Egypt
After practicing for a time at Marseilles he was made chief surgeon to Mehemet Ali, viceroy of Egypt. At Abu Zabal, near Cairo then Kasr Alaini, he founded a hospital and schools for all branches of medical instruction, as well as for the study of the French language; and, notwithstanding the most serious religious difficulties, instituted the study of anatomy (see his photo teaching) by means of dissection. In 1832 Mehemet Ali gave him the dignity of bey without requiring him to abjure his religion; and in 1836 he received the rank of general, and was appointed head of the medical administration of the country.
Return to France
In 1849 he returned to Marseilles, though he revisited Egypt in 1856.
End of life
He died at Marseilles in 1868, aged 74.
His publications included:
- Relation des epidemies de cholera qui ont regne de l'Heggaz, a Suez, et en Egypte (1832)
- De La Peste observe en Egypte (1840)
- Apercu general sur l'Egypte (1840)
- Coup d'oeil sur la peste et les quarantaines (1851)
- De l'ophthalmie (1864)
- A street in his hometown of Grenoble was named after him.
- A street in down town Cairo was named after him.
- Many statues of him are present at Kasr El Aini Hospital and in its museum.
- The thick-billed lark, a North African and Middle Eastern desert bird, Rhamphocoris clotbey was named in Clot's honor by naturalist Charles Lucien Bonaparte.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.