Antoine René Thévenard

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Antoine René Thévenard (1766 – Aquilon, Aboukir, 1 August 1798[1]) was a French Navy officer. His name is written "Henri-Alexandre Thévenard" in some English sources.[2]

Biography[edit]

Antoine René Thévenard was born to Antoine-Jean-Marie Thévenard, then a captain of the French East India Company. He was killed on 1 August 1798 during the Battle of the Nile.

In early 1793, he captained the frigate Insurgente with the rank of Lieutenant, and escorted a convoy from Nantes to Brest.[3] He was promoted to Captain in the summer of the same year[3] and appointed to the frigate Révolutionnaire.[4] He took part in the Action of 21 October 1794, where a squadron under Sir Edward Pellew captured Révolutionnaire.

In 1794, Thévenard captained the razée Brave, on which he sailed between Brest and Cancale, cruised off Ouessant and Guernesey, and returned to Brest.[5] He was then tasked with leading a division in the Kattegat and the North Sea,[6][7] his flag on Brave and with the frigates Spartiate and Proserpine, under Villemadrin and Daugier respectively.[8] Thévenard also took part in the Biscay campaign of June 1795 on Brave.

In 1795, Thévenard was appointed to command of the 74-gun Wattignies, on which he sailed from Lorient to Île-d'Aix.[9]

In 1796, Thévenard led the naval division of Saint-Domingue, with his flag on Wattignies;[10] he was promoted to chef de division in the same year.[10] In December, he took part in the Expédition d'Irlande.

Thévenard commanded the 74-gun Aquilon at the battle of the Nile. Early in the battle he used the spring on his anchor cable to angle his broadside into a raking position across the bow of Nelson's flagship, HMS Vanguard, which consequently suffered over 100 casualties, including Nelson, wounded by a piece of shot in the forehead.

Thévenard was killed on the first day of the battle; HMS Minotaur captured Aquilon.[11]

Notes and References[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Antoine René THEVENARD
  2. ^ Naval History of Great Britain - Vol II 1796 Expedition to Ireland
  3. ^ a b Fonds Marine, p.61
  4. ^ Fonds Marine, p.105
  5. ^ Fonds Marine, p.70
  6. ^ Fonds Marine, p.112
  7. ^ Fonds Marine, p.114
  8. ^ Fonds Marine, p.115
  9. ^ Fonds Marine, p.126
  10. ^ a b Fonds Marine, p.178
  11. ^ Fonds Marine, p.207

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fonds Marine. Campagnes (opérations ; divisions et stations navales ; missions diverses). Inventaire de la sous-série Marine BB4. Tome premier : BB4 1 à 482 (1790-1826) [1]
  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1 1671 - 1870. p. 84. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.