Antoinette de Bourbon
|Duchess consort of Guise|
|Portrait of Antoinette by Léonard Limousin|
|Spouse||Claude, Duke of Guise|
|Marie, Queen consort of Scotland
Francis, Duke of Guise
Renée, Abbess of St. Pierre
Charles Archbishop of Reims
Claude, Duke of Aumale
Louis I, Cardinal of Guise
Antoinette, Abbess of Faremoutier
Francis, Grand Prior of the Order of Malta
René, Marquis of Elbeuf
|Antoinette de Bourbon|
|Father||François, Count of Vendôme|
|Mother||Marie de Luxembourg|
December 25, 1493|
Chateau de Ham, Somme department, Picardy, France
|Died||January 22, 1583
Chateau de Joinville
Antoinette de Bourbon (25 December 1493 – 22 January 1583) was a French noblewoman of the House of Bourbon. She was the wife of Claude de Lorraine, Duke of Guise. Through her eldest daughter, Mary of Guise, Queen consort of King James V of Scotland, she was the maternal grandmother of Mary, Queen of Scots, making her a distant ancestor of the present British Royal Family.
Family and marriage
Antoinette was born on 25 December 1493 at the Chateau de Ham, in the Somme department, Picardy, France. She was the child of Francis, Count of Vendôme and Marie de Luxembourg. Her paternal grandparents were John VIII, Count of Vendôme and Isabelle de Beauveau, and her maternal grandparents were Peter II, Count of Saint-Pol, and Margaret of Savoy.
She married Claude of Lorraine on 9 June 1513 and they had 12 children:
- Mary of Guise (1515–1560); married King James V of Scotland in 1538. Their daughter was Mary, Queen of Scots.
- Francis, Duke of Guise (1519–1563)
- Louise of Guise (10 January 1520, Bar-le-Duc – 18 October 1542); married Charles I, Duke of Arschot on 20 February, 1541.
- Renée of Guise (2 September 1522 – 3 April 1602), Abbess of St. Pierre, Reims.
- Charles of Guise (1524–1574), Duke of Chevreuse, Archbishop of Reims, and Cardinal of Guise.
- Claude, Duke of Aumale (1526–1573)
- Louis I, Cardinal of Guise (1527–1578)
- Philip of Guise (3 September 1529, Joinville – 24 September 1529, Joinville)
- Peter of Guise (3 April 1530, Joinville); died young.
- Antoinette of Guise (31 August 1531, Joinville – 6 March 1561, Joinville), Abbess of Faremoutier
- Francis of Guise (18 April 1534, Joinville – 6 March 1563), Grand Prior of the Order of Malta.
- René, Marquis of Elbeuf (1536–1566)
Antoinette was described as having been a remarkable woman, combining a strong sense of family pride with a wry sense of humour. She exhibited considerable administrative talent at domestic economy as well as in the running of the vast Guise dominions surrounding their chateau of Joinville.
She exerted a powerful influence on the childhood of her granddaughter Mary, Queen of Scots, during the latter's thirteen-year sojourn in France, and was one of her principal advisors. Antoinette acted as proxy for her daughter, Mary of Guise, during the betrothal ceremony of the Queen of Scots and the Dauphin Francis in 1558.
Antoinette de Bourbon died on 22 January 1583 at the Chateau de Joinville. She was eighty-nine years of age, having outlived all of her children save her daughter Reneé, Abbess of St. Pierre. Her cherished granddaughter, Mary, Queen of Scots, was executed four years after her death.
- Fraser, p. 43
- Fraser, p. 42
- Fraser, p. 75
- Antonia Fraser (1969). Mary, Queen of Scots. George Weidenfeld & Nicholson. ISBN 978-0-297-17773-9.
- thepeerage.com Accessed July 14, 2007