||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2012)|
Panenka in 2009
|Full name||Antonín Panenka|
|Date of birth||2 December 1948|
|Place of birth||Prague, Czechoslovakia|
|Height||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|Playing position||Attacking Midfielder|
|1985–1987||VSE St. Pölten|
|1987–1989||SK Slovan Wien|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Antonín Panenka (born 2 December 1948 in Prague) is a Czech former footballer. He played most of his career for Bohemians Prague. Panenka won the 1976 European Championship with Czechoslovakia. In the final against West Germany he scored the winning penalty in the shootout with a softly chipped ball up the middle as the goalie dived away; this style of penalty is now called the Panenka penalty. In 1980 he won Czechoslovak Footballer of the Year and his team finished third in the 1980 European Championship.
An attacking midfielder known for the quality of his passing and his free kicks, Panenka played for Bohemians Praha for most of his career, joining the club in 1967. In 1981 Panenka left Bohemians for Austrian club Rapid Vienna, where he won two Bundesliga titles and an Austrian Cup. In 1985 Rapid reached the Cup Winners' Cup final; Panenka played as a substitute, but his side lost 3–1 to Everton. Later that year Panenka moved to VSE St. Pölten, and played two more seasons before moving into the lower leagues in Austria, playing from 1987–89 for Slovan Vienna, from 1989–91 for ASV Hohenau and from 1991–93 for Kleinwiesendorf.
He came to international prominence playing for Czechoslovakia in the 1976 European Championship; Czechoslovakia reached the final, where they faced West Germany. After extra time, the result was 2–2, and so the first penalty shootout in a European Championships final ensued. The first seven kicks were converted, until West Germany's fourth penalty taker, Uli Hoeneß, ballooned his shot over the bar. With the score 4–3, Panenka stepped up to take the fifth Czechoslovakian penalty, to win the match under immense pressure. German goalkeeper Sepp Maier dived to his left, while Panenka chipped the ball straight in the middle of the net. The sheer cheek of the goal led a watching French journalist to dub Panenka "a poet", and to this day his winning kick is one of the most famous ever, making Panenka's name synonymous with that particular style of penalty kick.
Antonin Panenka himself says that he came up with the idea on the training ground of the Prague club Bohemians, where he plied his trade for many years:
- "Nobody had ever taken a penalty like that before. I came up with the idea because I used to practice penalties after training at Bohemians with our goalkeeper Zdeněk Hruška. To make it interesting, we used to wager a beer or a bar of chocolate on each penalty. Unfortunately, because he was such a good keeper, I ended up losing money as he kept saving more shots than I could score. As a result I ended up lying awake at night thinking about how I could get the upper hand. I eventually realised that the goalkeeper always waits until just before the last moment to try and anticipate where the ball is going and dives just before it's kicked so he can reach the shot in time. I decided that it was probably easier to score by feinting to shoot and then just gently tapping the ball into the middle of the goal. In this way the keeper had always dived by the time the ball was kicked and had no chance of recovering in time to save the shot. I tried it out on the training ground and it worked like a charm. The only problem was that I started getting a lot fatter because I won back all those beers and chocolates."
Even to this day, many football commentators are amazed at how Panenka managed to hold his nerve to take a shot like that, especially as he would have looked extremely silly had the keeper not dived. Pelé said it could be attempted by "either a genius or a madman". Panenka said he never had any doubt that he would score.
- "About two years before the European Championships I began trying it. At first I did it during friendly matches and then I did it once or twice during Czechoslovak league matches. It worked so well that I decided that I would use the technique if I got a penalty at the European Championships. Of course, it was pure chance that the opportunity came in the final after the Germans equalised in the last minute and then, when it went to penalties, the German player missed his kick before it was my turn. It was like the will of God. I was one thousand percent certain that I would take the penalty in that way and that I would score."
The Panenka penalty has since been successfully duplicated by Zinedine Zidane in the 2006 World Cup Final, Sebastián Abreu in the 2010 World Cup, both Andrea Pirlo and Sergio Ramos at UEFA Euro 2012, Hélder Postiga at UEFA Euro 2004 and Francesco Totti at UEFA Euro 2000. A few who have tried unsuccessfully have been Neymar, Mickaël Landreau, Antonio Calle, Rogerio Ceni, Maicosuel, Marko Devic, Graham Zusi, Andrea Pirlo, Robin van Persie and Alexandre Pato.
As well as winning the 1976 European Championship, Panenka helped Czechoslovakia come third in the 1980 tournament, after scoring once again in a 9–8 penalty shootout win. In the finals of the 1982 World Cup; Panenka scored twice with penalties, but these were the only Czechoslovakian goals, and the team did not progress beyond the first group stage.
Today he works as a president of Bohemians 1905.
- "The cult of the Panenka penalty". FIFA.com. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- Football – Knowledge: the footballers who have moves named after them | Football | guardian.co.uk
- "EPIC FAIL: Watch two moments of hilarity and anguish as Udinese miss out on Champions League". Mirror Football. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 08 November 2013.
- "The Anti-Panenka! Alexandre Pato’s awful penalty easily saved by Dida, costs Corinthians penalty shoot-out v Gremio". 101 Great Goals. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 08 November 2013.
- "Pato perde pênalti com cavadinha, Grêmio vence o Corinthians e vai à semi" (in Portuguese). UOL Esporte. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 08 November 2013.
- Antonín Panenka international stats at the Football Association of the Czech Republic website (Czech)
- Antonín Panenka and his famous goal – photos
- Antonín Panenka's penalty (EURO 1976 in Belgrade. Czechoslovakia vs. Germany) – video
- Antonín Panenka with presidential nominee Jiří Dienstbier in Talk show Czech TV 8 November 2007