Anton Ghon (1 January 1866 – 23 April 1936) was an Austrian pathologist who was a native of Villach.
In 1890 he earned his medical degree in Graz, and afterwards spent several years at the pathological institute in Vienna, where he worked with Anton Weichselbaum (1845–1920). In 1910 he became a professor of pathological anatomy at the German University in Prague.
Ghon was a specialist in the field of bacteriology, and is remembered for his work with meningitis and tuberculosis. His name his lent to Ghon focus, which is a primary infection associated with tuberculosis, as well as Ghon's complex, when the aforementioned infection involves surrounding lymph nodes. His best known written work is a 1912 treatise of childhood tuberculosis called Der primäre Lungenherd bei der Tuberkulose der Kinder.