Anton Sikharulidze

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Olympic medal record
Figure skating
Silver 1998 Nagano Pairs
Gold 2002 Salt Lake City Pairs
Anton Sikharulidze
Berezhnaya and Sikharulidze 2001 GPF.jpg
Sikharulidze and Berezhnaya compete in 2001
Personal information
Full name Anton Tarielyevich Sikharulidze
Country represented Russia
Born (1976-10-25) 25 October 1976 (age 37)
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Height 1.82 m (5 ft 11 12 in)
Partner Elena Berezhnaya
Former partner Maria Petrova
Former coach Tamara Moskvina
Ludmila Velikova
Nikolai Velikov
Former choreographer Alexander Matveev
Tamara Moskvina
Igor Bobrin
Alexander Zhulin
Skating club Yubileiny Sport Club
Former training locations Saint Petersburg
Hackensack, New Jersey
Stamford, Connecticut
Began skating 1982
Retired 2002

Anton Tarielyevich Sikharulidze (Russian: Антон Тариэльевич Сихарулидзе, born 25 October 1976) is a Russian former pair skater of Georgian origin. With Elena Berezhnaya, he is the 1998 and 1999 World champion, 1998 Olympic silver medalist and 2002 Olympic champion.

His first partner was Maria Petrova, with whom he became the 1994 and 1995 World Junior Champion. He began competing with Berezhnaya in 1996 after helping her recover from an accident with her previous partner. Within two years of the accident, Berezhnaya and Sikharulidze had established themselves as one of the best pair teams in the world. During their competitive career, they were coached by Tamara Moskvina at the Yubileyny Sports Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia, and the Ice House in Hackensack, New Jersey. Their Olympic gold medals are shared with Canadian pair Jamie Salé and David Pelletier.

Early career[edit]

Sikharulidze was born in Leningrad, now known as Saint Petersburg. After seeing a neighbor's boy with skates, he asked his parents for skates as well.[1] At the age of 15, with skating taking up a lot of his time and limiting his personal life, he considered leaving the sport but his father encouraged him to persevere.[1]

Sikharulidze took up pair skating at age 15 when asked by a coach.[2] With Maria Petrova, he became the 1994 and 1995 World Junior Champion and placed as high as sixth at the senior Worlds in 1995. They trained under Ludmila Velikova and Nikolai Velikov at the Yubileyny Sports Palace in Saint Peterburg, Russia, despite the deteriorating and crowded facilities of the 1990s.[3][4][5] Their last competition together was the European Championships at the end of January 1996. Sikharulidze and Petrova then parted ways due to a coaching disagreement.[6] He wanted to work with Moskvina while Petrova preferred to remain with their old coaches.

Partnership with Elena Berezhnaya[edit]

In late 1995, Elena Berezhnaya / Oleg Shliakhov of Latvia began training at the same rink, under coach Tamara Moskvina. Sikharulidze developed a friendship with Berezhnaya and Shliakhov began to perceive him as his rival.[7][8] At the end of 1995, Shliakhov demanded that he and Berezhnaya train in Riga, Latvia for three weeks in preparation for the European Championships.[7] Sikharulidze urged her to stay in Saint Petersburg but she believed she could manage a few weeks.[7] Berezhnaya was seriously injured when Shliakhov's blade sliced into her skull while the pair were practicing a side-by-side camel spin in Riga on 9 January 1996.[9] Two surgical operations were performed to remove bone fragments from her brain. The accident caused partial paralysis on her right side, and doctors were unsure if she would walk again.[9] She also briefly lost the ability to speak.[10]

During her hospitalization, Sikharulidze heard of the news, and traveled to Latvia to be with her, joining Moskvina.[11][12] Berezhnaya was surprised and overjoyed to see him, but unable to speak or move.[1] Shliakhov also arrived at the hospital with flowers but Berezhnaya did not wish to see him again.[8] Her mother, Sikharulidze, and Moskvina took her back to Saint Petersburg, Russia where she could begin her rehabilitation. She was grateful for his support, saying she was "skinny, shaved, half-alive, almost a skeleton, and Anton so tenderly cared about me. Perhaps it was his belief in me that helped me recover so quickly.[1]

Berezhnaya wished to return to the ice and doctors agreed that physical exercise would be therapeutic.[10] On 15 March 1996, only two months after the accident, she began skating carefully with Sikharulidze's help and Moskvina observing.[9][10] Berezhnaya said, "I didn't have any false dreams about the future. All I thought about was those first steps."[9] Moskvina felt the pair looked promising, "They're a natural pair. They've got it – something magical."[9]

With Berezhnaya's condition improving, the two began to consider the possibility of a competitive career together. She had made a nearly full recovery, although her speech remained slurred requiring speech therapy.[10] Berezhnaya / Sikharulidze made their competitive debut in November 1996 at the Trophée Lalique, winning bronze.[13] In December, they placed fifth at Cup of Russia, and then captured the silver medal at the Russian Nationals, earning them a berth to the European Championships. In January 1997 in Paris, Berezhnaya / Sikharulidze made the podium at their first Europeans together, obtaining the bronze medal.[10][14] At the 1997 World Championships in March, their short program placed them provisionally in third, with two judges giving them first-place votes.[10] However, the pair placed 12th in the long program and dropped to 9th overall.

1998 Olympic season[edit]

The next season, Berezhnaya / Sikharulidze won the European Championship, defeating 1992 Olympic champion Artur Dmitriev with his new partner Oksana Kazakova, and the reigning World Champions Mandy Wötzel / Ingo Steuer. At only 20 and 21 years of age respectively, Berezhnaya / Sikharulidze had established themselves as gold-medal favorites going into the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.[11] Observers were impressed by their rapid progress.[9][10][11][15][16] Ekaterina Gordeeva selected the pair as her and Sergei Grinkov's skating doubles in a documentary on the legendary team after her husband's death.

At the Olympics, the pair had one fall in the short program but their other elements were of high quality. In the long, they put themselves back in contention for the gold medal with a strong performance, until five seconds from the end when they had a surprising fall as Sikharulidze set her down from a closing star lift.[17] Although disappointed by suddenly giving away their chance at the gold so close to the end of the program, Sikharulidze recovered from his shock and joked, "It's a new finish. If you don't like it, we'll change it, no problem."[17] The quality of the rest of their skating earned them the silver medal ahead of Wötzel / Steuer, while Kazakova / Dmitriev claimed the title. Former Japanese singles skater Yuko Kawaguchi became inspired to switch to pair skating after seeing Elena Berezhnaya at the Nagano Olympics.[18]

Post-1998 Olympics[edit]

Following the Olympics, Berezhnaya / Sikharulidze competed at the 1998 World Championships where they won the gold medal.[19] Later in the year, they spent some time training at the Stamford Twin Rinks in Stamford, Connecticut.[20] They won 1998 Skate America and 1998 NHK Trophy. In January 1999, they had to withdraw from the European Championships after the short program due to Berezhnaya having the flu.[21] They won their second world title at the 1999 World Championships in March 1999.

The Yubileyny Sports Palace ice rink then closed for renovations, forcing the pair and Moskvina to relocate to Hackensack, New Jersey's Ice House in the summer of 1999.[22] Berezhnaya / Sikharulidze struggled at Skate America in October 1999, placing third, but regained their form to win Skate Canada in November. Moskvina would later admit Sikharulidze had become distracted by life in a new country and was not as focused on training. In February 2000, the pair won gold at the 2000 Europeans but were stripped of their medals after Berezhnaya tested positive for pseudoephedrine, a substance whose ban was lifted between 2004 and 2010. This resulted in a three-month disqualification from the date of the test, and the medal being stripped.[23] She had taken cold medication approved by a doctor but had failed to inform the ISU as required.[24] The pair missed the World Championships that year as a result of the disqualification.

Berezhnaya/Sikharulidze developed a rivalry with Canadians Jamie Salé / David Pelletier. The 2001 World Championships were held in Sale/Pelletier's home country of Canada. Although Sale fell on the triple toe loop in the short program and then singled her double Axel in the long, Sale/Pelletier were awarded gold ahead of Berezhnaya/Sikharulidze. Video replays were not introduced until several years later. A 2013 study also found that "Subjectively evaluated sports such as diving, gymnastics, or figure skating usually show sizable and significant home advantages."[25]

In autumn 2001, Sikharulidze required stitches for a 12 cm (4.7 in) long gash along his arm when his partner's blade accidentally cut him in training just before the start of the Grand Prix season.[22] The injury having delayed their preparations, Berezhnaya/Sikharulidze used their Charlie Chaplin program at the start of the season and debuted their new long program to Meditation de Thais at the Grand Prix Final in December. The pair decided to keep their new programs for the Olympics, while their rivals abandoned their new long program, with which they had been struggling, and decided to reuse their old Love Story program. The New York Times speculated that the judging might be influenced by the crowd response, with the familiar music of Love Story having more potential to draw louder applause in North America and the judges not being immune to human reactions.[26]

2002 Olympics[edit]

At the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, both pairs skated strong short programs, after which Berezhnaya/Sikharulidze were in first and Sale/Pelletier, who had a fall at the end of their program, second.[27] In the long program, Berezhnaya/Sikharulidze skated a good program although Sikharulidze had a stumble on a jump element before quickly regaining unison with his partner. Sale/Pelletier, meanwhile, had no obvious mistakes. Four judges placed the Canadians first, while five had Berezhnaya/Sikharulidze as the winners, with the Canadians receiving higher technical scores and the Russians higher presentation scores. They were awarded the gold and the Canadians the silver. The result sparked a controversy with the media emphasizing Sikharulidze's stepout, although there were no media criticism a year earlier when Sale/Pelletier were awarded gold at the 2001 World Championships despite Sale falling on the triple toe loop in the short program and then singling her double Axel in the long.[28][29] Some skaters have won with as many as four falls, i.e. Canadian Patrick Chan at the 2010 Skate Canada International. The commentators received criticism for failing to mention Berezhnaya/Sikharulidze's strengths, with some observers stating that the pair had performed a more challenging program with greater speed, more interweaving moves and transitions, and less distance between the partners.[23][28][30][31][32][33]

The media's focus immediately turned to French judge Marie-Reine Le Gougne, the only Western judge in favor of the Russian pair. Under intense pressure, she stated that she had been intimidated into voting for the Russian pair in exchange for an advantage for the French couple in the ice dancing competition, which was to follow a few days later. A second gold medal was awarded to the Canadian pair, and the IOC and ISU decided to declare both pairs as Olympic co-champions. When the media furor faded, Le Gougne rescinded her earlier statement and declared she had voted according to her honest assessment of the performances but had been pressured to say otherwise.[citation needed]

Berezhnaya and Sikharulidze meet Russian President Vladimir Putin at a meeting of Olympic athletes in March 2002

Later skating career[edit]

In May 2003, Berezhnaya / Sikharulidze confirmed they had retired from competitive skating.[34] From 2002–2006, they toured with Stars on Ice, then returned to Russia.

Sikharulidze makes occasional appearances in Russian ice shows. In 2006, he competed in a Channel One (Russia) show Stars on Ice (Russian: Звёзды на льду), partnered with Natalia Ionova (later replaced by Yulia Barsukova due to injury). In 2007, he skated in the Channel One show Ice Age (Russian: Ледниковый период), partnered with Anastasia Volochkova. In 2010, he joined another edition of Ice Age, teaming up with Zara.[35]

Political career[edit]

Sikharulidze at a meeting with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and others

In 2006, he became a member of the political party United Russia. In 2007, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg. On 2 December 2007, he was elected to the State Duma. He is the Chairman of the Russian State Duma Committee for Physical Culture and Sport.[36]

In 2010 he registered as a candidate for the presidency of the Figure Skating Federation of Russia, but withdrew after the constitution was altered, stating that the changes left the president as nothing more than a figurehead.[37][38]

Personal life[edit]

Sikharulidze's sister, Marina, is an economist, and his brother, Alexander, is a businessman.[1] He and Berezhnaya had an on-and-off romantic relationship between 1996 and 2002; they remain close friends.[1][39] In August 2010, Sikharulidze became the godfather to Berezhnaya's son.[40] He was married to Yana Lebedeva from 2011 to 2013.[41][42][43] With his partner, Viktoria, he has a son, Georgiy, born on 24 March 2014 near Moscow.[44]

Programs[edit]

With Berezhnaya[edit]

Eligible career

Season Short program[45] Free skating[46] Exhibition[47]
2001–2002
[22][48]
Lady Caliph: The Kid:
2000–2001
[49]
  • Meadowland
    arranged by Stanley Black
    performed by the London Festival Orchestra
City Lights:
  • Charlie Chaplin medley
    performed by Catherine Wilson and Friends
    from the album Classical Potpourri
  • Terry's Theme
    performed by the London Pops Orchestra
    from the album Award Winning Movie Themes: The 50's
Smooth:
1999–2000
  • Valse Sentimentale
    (Sentimental Waltz)
    Six Morceaux for piano, Op. 51, No. 6 (1882)
    by Pyotr Tchaikovsky

The Umbrellas of Cherbourg:



1998–1999 Concerto for Coloratura:
  • Concert for the Voice –
    Andante from the Concerto for Coloratura Soprano and Orchestra, opus 82
    written by Reinhold Glière
    performed by the Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra
    and Evgenia Miroshnichenko
1997–1998
  • Dark Eyes
    performed by the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra
1996–1997
  • Dark Eyes
    performed by the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra
  • Elegie in E-flat minor
    from Cinq Morceaux de fantasie, op. 3
    by Sergei Rachmaninoff
    performed by the Bekova Sisters

Professional career

Season Programs
2005–2006
  • Chaplin 3.0
    various
2004–2005
  • Dance Mix
    various
2003–2004

  • Meadowland
    arranged by Stanley Black
    performed by the London Festival Orchestra
2002–2003 After Hours at Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum
(Elvis & Marilyn):

With Petrova[edit]

Season Short program Free skating Exhibition
1994–1995
1995–1996

Results[edit]

With Berezhnaya[edit]

International
Event 1996–1997 1997–1998 1998–1999 1999–2000 2000–2001 2001–2002
Olympics 2nd 1st
Worlds 9th 1st 1st 2nd
Europeans 3rd 1st WD 1st DQ 1st
CS / GP Final 1st 2nd 3rd 2nd 2nd
Cup of Russia 5th 1st 1st 1st
Lalique 3rd 1st 1st 1st
Nations Cup 2nd
NHK Trophy 1st
Skate America 1st 3rd
Skate Canada 1st 2nd
Goodwill Games 1st 1st
National
Russian Champ. 2nd 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st
WD = Withdrew
DQ: Won gold but disqualified due to Berezhnaya testing positive for pseudoephedrine
and not having informed the ISU as required.[24]
The pair missed the 2000 World Championships because Berezhnaya was disqualified from
three months of competition from the date of the test.[23]

With Petrova[edit]

International
Event 1992–1993 1993–1994 1994–1995 1995–1996
Worlds 8th 6th
Europeans 6th 5th
NHK Trophy 7th
Skate Canada 2nd
Trophée de France 5th
Goodwill Games 7th
International: Junior
Junior Worlds 2nd 1st 1st
National
Russian Champ. 6th 2nd 4th

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Fomina, Inna (22 August 2002). "Елена Бережная и Антон Сихарулидзе: ледовый роман" [Elena Berezhnaya and Anton Sikharulidze: Ice novel]. Городской дилижанс (in Russian). Magic Pair. Archived from the original on 13 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Mittan, J. Barry (1997). "Bereznaia and Sikharulidze". jbmittan.com. Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. 
  3. ^ "They only have two hours of ice time a day and they skate with ten other pairs on the ice. That's extremely dangerous, there's a lot of collisions."Barbara Underhill on Petrova and Sikharulidze. (ESPN Classic Canada broadcast of 1995 Skate Canada free programs.)
  4. ^ Flade, Tatyana (July–August 1994). "Olympic Stars Skating On Thin Ice At Yubileiny Palace". St. Petersburg Press. Archived from the original on 29 April 1999. 
  5. ^ Katz, Rachel (March 1995). "Local stars attack lack of facilities". St. Petersburg Press. Archived from the original on 29 April 1999. 
  6. ^ "Maria Petrova / Anton Sikharulidze". PairsOnIce.net. Archived from the original on 29 November 2007. 
  7. ^ a b c "Елена Бережная. Мой лед: история ненависти и любви". Russian magazine: Коллекция каравана историй, No. 5(15), pg.90–102. (in Russian). narod.ru. October–November 2008. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "Berezhnaya documentary with Shliakhov interview". Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Dam, Julie K.L. (9 February 1998). "The Miracle on Ice". Time (magazine). Archived from the original on 9 September 2005. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Longman, Jere (19 March 1997). "Russian's Comeback In Pairs Is Stunning". The New York Times. 
  11. ^ a b c Frey, Jennifer (10 February 1998). "An Accidental Pairing, a Perfect Couple". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. 
  12. ^ "Елена Бережная, олимпийская чемпионка Солт-Лейк-Сити" (in Russian). km.ru. 20 August 2002. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. 
  13. ^ "1996 Trophée Lalique, Paris, France · November 15–17, 1996". Archived from the original on 18 October 2004. 
  14. ^ "1997 European Championships, Paris, France · January 20–26, 1997". Archived from the original on 18 October 2004. 
  15. ^ Glauber, Bill (7 February 1998). "Skater's spirit is Olympic-sized Berezhnaya favored for gold 2 years after near-fatal accident". Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. 
  16. ^ Glauber, Bill (19 March 1997). "Winning isn't first for Berezhnaya After near-fatal injury, comeback draws ovations". Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. 
  17. ^ a b Shipley, Amy (10 February 1998). "Russians Win a Pair of Medals in Pairs". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. 
  18. ^ Fyodorov, Gennady (20 October 2009). "Kawaguchi braves taunts to skate for Russia". Reuters. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2009. 
  19. ^ Longman, Jere (2 April 1998). "A World Title Crowns Berezhnaya's Comeback". The New York Times. 
  20. ^ Mariani, Dominic (1 November 1998). "Russian Champions on the Stamford Ice". The New York Times. 
  21. ^ "1999 World Championships – ABC profile". Archived from the original on 16 November 2005. 
  22. ^ a b c "Elena BEREZHNAYA / Anton SIKHARULIDZE: 2001/2002". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on 2 June 2002. 
  23. ^ a b c Wallechinsky, David (2009). Complete Book of the Winter Olympics. Retrieved 9 July 2010. 
  24. ^ a b "2000 World Championships – Pairs". Ice Skating International. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 
  25. ^ Jones, Marshall B. (2013). "The home advantage in individual sports: An augmented review". Psychology of Sport and Exercise (ScienceDirect) 14 (3): 397–404. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.01.002. 
  26. ^ Roberts, Selena (11 February 2002). "Canadians Take Aim At Russians' Long Streak". The New York Times. 
  27. ^ "Berezhnaya-Sikharulidze impress the judges". Associated Press. 9 February 2002. 
  28. ^ a b Harvey, Randy (13 February 2002). "Skating on Thin Ice? It Figures". Los Angeles Times. 
  29. ^ Dixon, Robyn (16 February 2002). "It's an Outrage to Russians". Los Angeles Times. 
  30. ^ "2002 Olympic Winter Games: Pairs Figure Skating Highlights". Golden Skate. 12 February 2002. Archived from the original on 25 July 2008. "[Sale/Pelletier's program] was not quite up to the standard set by the Russians in terms of complexity and originality" 
  31. ^ Mittan, Barry (2 March 2002). "As the Skate Spins". Golden Skate. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. 
  32. ^ Loosemore, Sandra (writer for CBS Sportsline) (February 2002). "2002 Olympic Pairs Free Skate Analysis". SkateWeb. Archived from the original on 31 January 2010. 
  33. ^ "Maybe the Russians really did win". Pasadena Star News. 13 February 2002. 
  34. ^ "Бережная и Сихарулидзе завершают выступления в любительском спорте" (in Russian). newsru.com. 26 May 2003. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. 
  35. ^ Gusyatinsky, Artem (9 September 2010). "Главная интрига нового телесезона: "Ледниковый период" возвращается!" [The main intrigue of the new TV season : "Ice Age" returns!] (in Russian). Komsomolskaya Pravda. Archived from the original on 15 September 2010. 
  36. ^ New Inter-Ministerial Commission Enhances Sochi 2014 Governance
  37. ^ Karelova, Valentina (25 June 2010). "Антон Сихарулидзе: "Александр Горшков ничего не сможет изменить"" [Anton Sikharulidze: Alexander Gorshkov can't change anything] (in Russian). Nevskoe Vremya. Retrieved 7 December 2010. 
  38. ^ "Антон Сихарулидзе: Министерство юстиции РФ решит, насколько принятые документы соответствуют российскому законодательству, насколько легитимны прошедшие выборы" [Anton Sikharulidze: The Ministry of Justice will decide whether the approved documents comply with Russian legislation and whether the elections are legitimate] (in Russian). AllSport. 4 June 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
  39. ^ "Сыграем свадьбу, когда родим второго" (in Russian). mk.ru. 22 April 2008. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. 
  40. ^ "Звездные крестины – Антон Сихарулидзе стал крестным отцом сына Елены Бережной" [Anton Sikharulidze became godfather of Elena Berezhnaya's son] (in Russian). Tvoy den'. 24 August 2010. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. 
  41. ^ Glynin, Vladimir (4 August 2011). "Эксклюзив с Антоном Сихарулидзе и Яной Лебедевой" [Exclusive with Anton Sikharulidze and Yana Lebedeva]. OK!. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  42. ^ Manukyants, Marina (23 October 2011). "Антон Сихарулидзе отгулял шикарную свадьбу" [Anton Sikharulidze's wedding] (in Russian). The Epoch Times. Retrieved 24 October 2011. 
  43. ^ "Антон Сихарулидзе бросил дочь миллиардера" [Anton Sikharulidze divorced] (in Russian). dni.ru. 18 July 2013. 
  44. ^ Fanysheva, Anastasia (29 March 2014). "У Антона Сихарулидзе родился сын" [Anton Sikharulidze has a son]. Hello Magazine (Russian) (in Russian). 
  45. ^ "Short programs". A Pair of Hearts. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. 
  46. ^ "Long programs". A Pair of Hearts. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. 
  47. ^ "Exhibition routines". A Pair of Hearts. Archived from the original on 30 December 2007. 
  48. ^ "Elena BEREZHNAYA / Anton SIKHARULIDZE: 2001/2002". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on 11 November 2001. 
  49. ^ "Elena BEREZHNAYA / Anton SIKHARULIDZE: 2000/2001". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on 19 April 2001. 

External links[edit]