Antonio Aguilar

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For the Portuguese rugby union player, see António Aguilar.
Antonio Aguilar
Antonio aguilar.jpg
Background information
Birth name José Pascual Antonio Aguilar Márquez Barraza
Also known as "El Charro de México"
(The Horseman of Mexico)
Born (1919-05-17)17 May 1919
Villanueva, Zacatecas, Mexico
Died 19 June 2007(2007-06-19) (aged 88)
Mexico City, Mexico
Genres Ranchera, corrido, banda
Occupations Singer-songwriter, actor, film producer, screenwriter
Years active 1952–1993
Labels Musart
Associated acts Flor Silvestre, Lola Beltrán, Amalia Mendoza
Website antonioaguilaroficial.com

Antonio Aguilar Barraza[1] (17 May 1919 – 19 June 2007), nicknamed "El Charro de México" (The Horseman of Mexico), was a Mexican singer-songwriter, film actor, film producer, and screenwriter.

During his career, he made over 150 albums, which sold 25 million copies, and made 167 movies.[2] Aguilar was best known for singing traditional Mexican folk songs (rancheras) and ballads (corridos) as well for his participation in rural-themed films concerning the rural themes, often about the Mexican Revolution. He won the Premio ACE for Best Actor for his eponymous role in the epic film, Emiliano Zapata (1970).[3] Aguilar was also awarded with the Special Golden Ariel in 1997 for his invaluable contribution and spreading of Mexican cinema.[3]

Aguilar married Flor Silvestre, a popular singer and actress, in 1959. They had two sons, Antonio Aguilar Jr. and Pepe Aguilar, who also ventured into the film and music industries. Collectively, Aguilar's family is known as "La Dinastía Aguilar" (The Aguilar Dynasty).

Early life[edit]

Aguilar was born José Pascual Antonio Aguilar Márquez Barraza[1] in Villanueva, Zacatecas, the son of Jesús Aguilar Aguilar[1] and Ángela Márquez Barraza Valle, both of Villanueva.[4]

He spent his early childhood in "La Casa Grande de Tayahua", an hacienda first built in 1596 in the town of Tayahua, about 35 km from Villanueva. Aguilar's ancestors acquired this property in the early 19th century.

Acting career[edit]

Aguilar began his acting career in 1952 during the Golden Age of Mexican cinema. He is credited with popularising la charrería, considered to have originated in Mexico, to international audiences.[2]

Antonio Aguilar was the first Mexican performer to mix rodeos and concerts while touring his show in Latin America and the United States.[5] He made 167 movies and has been compared to American actors like Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, and Ronald Reagan.

In the 1950s, Aguilar was cast in a series of films centered on rural hero "Mauricio Rosales" in El rayo justiciero (1955), La barranca de muerte (1955), La sierra del terror (1956), La huella del chacal (1956), La pantera negra (1957), La guarida del buitre (1958), and Los muertos no hablan (1958). A total of seven low-budget ranchera films produced by Rosas Films S.A.

Aguilar gained cinematic notice when cast in Ismael Rodríguez's Tierra de hombres in 1956. Other collaborations with Rodríguez include La Cucaracha (1959) and Ánimas Trujano (1962), where he received starring roles. Amongst his best ranchera films are Yo... el aventurero (1959), Caballo prieto azabache (1968) El ojo de vidrio (1969), and Valente Quintero (1973). Aguilar appeared in American western films like 1969's The Undefeated starring John Wayne.[2] He also made a memorable starring role alongside Flor Silvestre in Triste recuerdo (1991).

Aguilar's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

For contributions to the recording industry, Antonio Aguilar Barraza was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7056 Hollywood Boulevard.[6] He was similarly honored with his handprints and star on the Paseo de las Luminarias in Mexico City for his work in movies and in the recording industry.

Musical career[edit]

Antonio Aguilar began his recording career in 1950, eventually making over 150 albums and selling more than 25 million records. He was known for his corridos with some of his best known songs, including "Gabino Barrera", "Caballo Prieto Azabache", "Albur de Amor", and "Un Puño De Tierra".[2] Antonio was also largely responsible for the renewed popularity of the tambora music in the mid-1980s, when he single-handedly resuscitated the genre with the hit "Triste Recuerdo". To this day he has been the only Hispanic artist to sell out the Madison Square Garden of New York City for six consecutive nights on 1997.[7][8]

Family[edit]

Ángela and Jesús, Antonio's parents, had six other children: José Roque, Salvador (dec.), Guadalupe (dec.), Luis Tomás (dec.), Mariano (dec.) and Josefina. Aguilar was married to actress Flor Silvestre (born Guillermina Jiménez Chagoya), and one of their children, José "Pepe" Aguilar, is among Mexico's most popular modern singers. In addition to Pepe Aguilar, he had another child with Flor Silvestre who is the eldest, Antonio Aguilar, Jr. Aguilar's grandchildren include Emiliano, Aneliz, Leonardo, and Ángela are Pepe Aguilar's children. María José and Flor Susana are Antonio Aguilar Jr's. children.[2]

Death[edit]

Portrait of Antonio Aguilar at his funeral.

On 18 June 2007, Doctors announced that Antonio was no longer responding to treatment and was expected to pass away before the end of the night. On June 19, 2007, the doctor spoke out to the media that Aguilar was still alive, and his body was responding to the medication but was still in critical condition. While there, the family received visits from many famous people including Vicente Fernández.

Aguilar died on 19 June 2007 at 11:45 p.m. from pneumonia. His coffin was carried through the streets of Zacatecas, the state capital, and was honored at a memorial service attended by hundreds at a church there.

His body was then taken to the hamlet of Tayahua, about 100 kilometers (62 mi) to the south, where residents waited in the streets to bid Aguilar a final farewell before he was buried at his family's "El Soyate" ranch nearby, the government news agency Notimex reported.

Obituaries appeared in many newspapers, including Los Angeles Times (US), New York Times (US), Washington Post (US), The Guardian (UK) and The Independent (UK). News of Antonio’s death were reported in newspapers of many Spanish-speaking countries, including Guatemala (El Periodico), Honduras (La Tribuna), El Salvador (El Diario de Hoy), Nicaragua (El Nuevo Diario), Costa Rica (Diario Extra), Venezuela (Correo del Caroní), Peru (Crónica Viva), Colombia (El Tiempo), Ecuador (El Diario) and Chile (El Mercurio).

Filmography[edit]

Over the course of his career, Antonio Aguilar made over 150 films.

Year Title Notes
1952 Un Rincón Cerca del Cielo
Ahora Soy Rico
Yo Fui una Callejera
1953 Por el Mismo Camino
Amor de Locura
Había una Vez un Marido
La Mujer Desnuda
Mi Papá Tuvo la Culpa
Mi Adorada Clementina
La Segunda Mujer
Yo Soy Muy Macho
1954 Reventa de Esclavas
El Casto Susano
1955 La Barranca de la Muerte
El Gavilán Vengador
Una Gallega en la Habana
1956 La Huella del Chacal
El Fin de un Imperio
1957 ¡Aquí Están los Aguilares!
Cien Muchachas
Cuatro Contra el Imperio
La Justicia del Gavilán Vengador
La Cama de Piedra
La Ley de la Sierra
1958 La Guarida del Buitre
Aquí Está Heraclio Bernal
Fiesta en el Corazón
Los Muertos No Hablan
La Cucaracha
Las Tres Pelonas
1959 Yo... El Eventurero
Los Santos Reyes
1960 Dos Hijos Desobedientes
El Siete de Copas
Lasombra del Caudillo
Rumbo a Brasilia (México, Brasil)
Bala Perdida
Que Bonito Amor
1961 Vacaciones en Acapulco
La Joven Mancornadora
Los Hermanos del Hierro
Que Me Maten en Tus Brazos
El Caballo Blanco
Ahí Vienen los Argumedo
1962 Ánimas Trujano
Sol en Llamas
Cazadores de Asesinos
Si Yo Fuera Millonario
1963 Aquí Está Tu Enamorado
Yo, el Mujeriego
La Gitana y el Charro
Vuelven Los Argumedo
1964 El Revólver Sangriento
Gabino Barrera
El Alazán y el Rosillo actor, productor y argumento
1965 El Padre Diablo
Escuela para solteras
Alma Llanera
Juan Colorado
El Hijo de Gabino Barrera
Los Dos rivales
1966 La Vida de Pedro Infante
Los Cuatro Juanes
Alazán y Enamorado
1967 La Venganza de Gabino Barrera
El Ojo de Vidrio
La Captura de Gabino Barrera
Los Alegres Aguilares
1968 Lucio Vázquez
El As de Oros
1969 El Caballo Bayo
Lauro Puñales
The Undefeated
1970 Emiliano Zapata (film) actor, productor y argumento
Vuelve el Ojo de Vidrio argumento
Los Marcados escritor y productor
1972 La Yegua Colorada
1973 Valente Quintero actor y productor
La Muerte de Pancho Villa argumento
Peregrina actor, productor y adaptación
1974 Simón Blanco
Mi Aventura en Puerto Rico
1975 Don Herculano Enamorado actor y productor
El rey
1976 El Moro de Cumpas
1977 Volver, Volver, Volver escritor, actor y productor
La Muerte de un Gallero escritor, actor y productor
Soy el Hijo del Gallero
Sabor a Sangre
Mi Caballo el Cantador escritor y actor
1978 Los Triunfadores
1979 Benjamín Argumedo, el Rebelde
Albur de Amor escritor, actor y productor
1980 Persecución y Muerte de Benjamín Argumedo
El Tonto que Hacía Milagros
1981 Los Gemelos Alborotados escritor y actor
Noche de Carnaval productor y escritor
1982 El Ánima de Sayula actor y adaptación
1983 Viva el Chubasco escritor, actor y productor
El Rey de Oros
1985 Astucia
1986 Contrabando y Muerte escritor, actor y productor
1987 Lamberto Quintero actor y productor
Zapata en Chinameca actor y productor
1988 Domingo Corrales actor y productor
1990 El Hijo de Lamberto Quintero
1991 Triste Recuerdo actor y productor
1992 El Chivo actor y productor
1993 La Sangre de un Valiente actor y productor
1994 La Güera Chabela productor

Discography[edit]

  • Toma esta carta (1960s)
  • Antonio Aguilar Nº9 (1960)
  • Cancionero Toni Aguilar en Discos "Odeón" (1959)
  • Antonio Aguilar Nº4, Nº5, Nº6, Nº7, Nº8 (1958)

Interviews[edit]

Val De La O Interviews Antonio Aguilar

Notes[edit]

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References[edit]

External links[edit]