Antonio Basoli

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Antonio Basoli
Born (1774-04-18)18 April 1774
near Bologna, in Castel Guelfo di Bologna, Emilia Romagna
Died 30 May 1848(1848-05-30) (aged 74)
in Bologna, Emilia Romagna
Nationality Italian

Antonio Basoli (1774–1848) was an Italian artist born in Castel Guelfo who worked mostly in Bologna. He was a painter, interior designer, engraver, and professor at the “Accademia delle Arti di Bologna” from 1804 to 1826.[1] During his time at the Accademia he developed a close affinity towards Domenico Corsini and Pelagio Palagi.[2] His education was motivated by an insatiable and constant interest in Classic art, Classic and contemporary literature, and the works, decorations and inscriptions of Piranesi. His first teacher was his father, Lelio Andrea Basoli.


1839, Antonio Basoli Torrazzo nel locale della Pontifica Accademia di Belle Arti found in Vedute pittoresche della città di Bologna from 1833.[3]

Basoli worked as a set and curtain designer, as well as decorator for various theaters around Bologna such as the Marsigli Rossi Theater, the Teatro Comunale di Bologna, and, in particular, the Theater Contavalli (1814). In addition to his decorations at these theaters he also decorated palaces around the city such as the Palazzo Rosselli del Turco, Palazzo Sanguinetti and Palazzo Hercolani.[1] Sadly most of his works survive only through references to them such as detailed production sketches, watercolors and engravings, amongst which the aquatints from Collezione di varie scene teatrali, started in 1821. Basoli was offered work from theaters in Rome in 1815, and from Naples, by request of Gioacchino Rossini, in 1818 both of which he refused.[4] However, in 1818 he did decide to take a trip to Milan, where he visited the sala Sanquirico the studio of the most important scenic designer of la Scala from which Basoli found inspiration for the set design for the opera Semiramide in 1820, the set for a production of Oedipus the King at the Theater Contavalli in 1822, and, lastly, the background paintings for the scenes at the Theater of Cavalieri dell’Unione in Santarcangelo di Romagna 1822. During this same period he produced, amongst others, important works at the palazzo Hercolani, the villa Marescalchi, the Palazzo Baciocchi, and his house in 1823 others.[4]


1836, Antonio Basoli Veduta of the portico of Santa Maria dei Servi. There is a version from 1830 and another one from 1833, the latter found in Vedute pittoresche della città di Bologna.[5]
  • Raccolta di prospettive serie, rustiche e di paesaggio (1810)
  • Guarnizioni diverse di maniera antica (1814)
  • Porte della città di Bologna (1817)
  • Esemplare di Elementi d'Ornato che contiene lo studio della pianta d'accanto (1817)
  • Collezione di varie scene teatrali (1821)
  • Compartimenti di camere (1827)
  • Vedute pittoresche della città di Bologna (1833)
  • Definizioni geometriche (1837)
  • Raccolta di diversi ornamenti (1838)
  • Alfabeto pittorico (1839)


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