Antonio Castro Leal

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Antonio Castro Leal
Director of the Department of Fine Arts of Mexico
In office
1934–1934
2nd Mexican Representative to UNESCO
In office
1950–1954
Preceded by Manuel Martínez Báez
Succeeded by Pedro de Alba
Member of the Chamber of Deputies of Mexico
In office
1958–1961
Constituency 8th district, Mexico City
Personal details
Born (1896-03-02)March 2, 1896
San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí, Mexico
Died January 7, 1981(1981-01-07) (aged 84)
Coyoacán, Mexico City, Mexico
Nationality Mexican Flag of Mexico.svg
Political party PRI
Alma mater UNAM, Georgetown University
Occupation Writer, Politician
Palacio de Bellas Artes

Antonio Castro Leal (March 2, 1896 - January 7, 1981) was a Mexican diplomat and intellectual.

Biography[edit]

Antonio Castro Leal was born on March 2, 1896 in San Luis Potosí. He received his licenciate and doctor of law degrees from the National Autonomous University of Mexico and his PhD from Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. Castro Leal was rector of UNAM in 1929 during the student strikes that ultimately lead to the university becoming autonomous, after which he resigned his post. In 1934 as Director of the Department of Fine Arts he inaugurated the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City. He lived in Paris from 1949 to 1954 as Mexico's ambassador and executive board member for UNESCO, after which he moved to Coyoacán, in Mexico City, where he lived for the rest of his life. He died on January 7, 1981.

Main posts held[edit]

(This is an incomplete list.)

  • Rector of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) - 1928-29
  • Director of the Department of Fine Arts - 1934
  • Mexican ambassador to UNESCO - 1949-52
  • Member of UNESCO's executive board - 1950-54
  • Member of Congress - 1958-61

Works[edit]

(This is an incomplete list.)

  • Las cien mejores poesías liricas mexicanas (ed. with Manuel Toussaint and Alberto Vázquez del Mercado) (1914)
  • The Church Problem in Mexico (pamphlet) (1926)
  • Las cien mejores poesias mexicanas (ed.) (1935)
  • Juan Ruiz de Alarcón. Ingenio y sabiduría (1939)
  • Twenty Centuries of Mexican Art - (introd.) (1940)
  • Revista de literatura mexicana (1940–1941)
  • El libro de oro del cine mexicano (The Golden Book of Mexican Cinematography) (coord.) (1948) (Comisión Nacional de Cinematografía, México, D.F.)
  • Las dos partes del Quijote (1949)
  • La poesía mexicana moderna (1953)
  • Una historia del siglo XX (1955)
  • Las ideas de Salvador Díaz Mirón (1956)
  • La novela de la Revolución Mexicana (1958–1960)
  • El laurel de San Lorenzo (1959)
  • Un mensaje a la América Latina y una elegía por España (poem) (1960)
  • Alejandro de Humboldt y el arte prehispánico (1962)
  • El Primer Congreso Internacional de Americanistas (1963)
  • El pensamiento musical de Carlos Chávez (1963)
  • La novela del México colonial (1964)
  • Luis G. Urbina (1964)
  • Las tragedias de Shakespeare (1965)
  • Thoreau y su discípulo Cassius Clay (1967)
  • ¿A dónde va México? Reflexiones sobre nuestra historia contemporánea (1968)
  • Hombres e ideas de nuestro tiempo (1969)
  • Díaz Mirón, su vida y su obra (1970)
  • El español, instrumento de una cultura (1970)
  • La poesía de Manuel José Othón (1971)
  • El imperialismo andaluz y otras historias (1984)

As a translator[edit]

Castro Leal also translated Maurice Dobb's Introduction to Economics for Mexico's Fondo de Cultura Económica.

References[edit]

See also[edit]