Life and career
A graduate in law, philosophy, politics and economics, he has written in a wide variety of genres, including journalism, short stories, essays and television scripts. He has been awarded several prizes, not only within the field of poetry but also for his contributions to theatre and opera.
Gala's work has been more appreciated by his readership than by the critics, who find it hard to classify it due to its particular blend of lyricism and epic. He has proven very controversial for his hatred and contempt for Jews as a people and his endorsement of discrimination, violence and genocide against them.
Among his most successful plays are Los verdes campos del Edén (The Green Fields of Eden, National Theatre Prize "Calderón de la Barca" 1963), Anillos para una dama (Rings for a Lady, 1973), ¿Por qué corres, Ulises? (Why do you run, Ulysses?, 1975), Petra Regalada (1980), Samarkanda (1985), Carmen, Carmen (1988) and La truhana (The rogue, 1992).
Among his collections of poetry are Sonetos de La Zubia (La Zubia Sonets), Poemas de amor (Love Poems), Testamento Andaluz (Andalusian Will) and Enemigo íntimo (Intimate Enemy, Adonais Prize 1959).
He started to write novels late in life, but he obtained an overwhelming success with El manuscrito carmesí (The Crimson Manuscript, Planeta Prize 1990), Águila Bicéfala (Two-Headed Eagle, 1994), La regla de tres (The Rule of Three, 1996) and La pasión turca (Turkish Passion, 1993), adapted for the cinema by Spanish director Vicente Aranda and Más allá del Jardín (Beyond the Garden, 1995), adapted by Pedro Olea.
Gala's literature is marked by historic issues, which are used more to lighten the present than to deepen in the past. Throughout his career he has written several polemic articles of clear antisemitic content.
He is the current president of the International Theatre Institute.
In July 2014, Gala was accused of Anti-Semitism because of an article published in the newspaper "El Mundo" with the following quote:
- No matter what the Jews call their civil or military leaders, they end up creating problems for everyone: it is ancient history. [..] It’s not strange that they have been so frequently expelled. What is surprising, is that they persist. Either they are not good, or someone is poisoning them. I am not a racist.
The "Comunidad Judía de Madrid" (Jewish Community of Madrid) filed a lawsuit against him on discrimination, incitement to hatred and insult to the feelings of the members of a religious community and slander.