Antonio José de Sucre
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (February 2011)|
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2010)|
|Antonio José de Sucre|
|2nd President of Bolivia|
29 December 1825 – 18 April 1828
|Preceded by||Simón Bolívar|
|Succeeded by||José María Pérez de Urdininea|
|6th President of Perú|
23 June 1823 – 17 July 1823
|Preceded by||José de la Riva Agüero|
|Succeeded by||José Bernardo de Tagle|
February 3, 1795|
Cumaná, Viceroyalty of New Granada (in present-day Venezuela)
|Died||June 4, 1830
|Resting place||Cathedral of Quito|
|Spouse(s)||Maríana de Carcelén y Larrea, Marquise of Solanda|
|Children||Teresa Sucre y Carcelén|
|Honorary title||Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho|
Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá (Spanish: [anˈtonjo xoˈse ðe ˈsukɾe j alkaˈla]; 1795–1830), known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho" (English: "Grand Marshal of Ayacucho"), was a Venezuelan independence leader. Sucre was one of Simón Bolívar's closest friends, generals and statesmen.
The aristocratic Sucre family can trace its roots back to origins in Flanders. It arrived in Venezuela through Charles de Sucre y Pardo, a Flemish nobleman, son of Charles Adrian de Sucre, Marquess of Preux and Buenaventura Carolina Isabel Garrido y Pardo, a Spanish noblewoman. Charle de Sucre y Pardo served a soldier in Catalonia in 1698 and was later named Governor of Cartagena de Indias and Captain General of Cuba. On December 22, 1779, Charles Sucre y Pardo arrived in Cumaná, Venezuela having been named Governor of New Andalucia, present day Sucre state.
Military life 
In 1814, Sucre joined the battles for South American independence from Spain.
Post-independence period 
In 1828, when a strong movement arose against Bolívar, his followers and the Bolivian constitution, Sucre resigned.
Death and legacy 
Some have argued that Sucre was assassinated so as to leave no clear successor to Bolívar. Sucre represented, according to historian Tomas Polanco Alcantara, "the indispensable complement to Simón Bolívar". When news of Sucre's death came to Bolívar, he said, "Se ha derramado, Dios excelso, la sangre del inocente Abel..." ("The blood of the innocent Abel has been spilled, God almighty..."). Bolivar later wrote (Gaceta de Colombia, July 4, 1830):
|“||If he had breathed his spirit upon the theater of victory, with his last breath he would have given thanks to heaven for having given him a glorious death; but cowardly murdered in a dark mountain, he leaves his fatherland the duty of persecuting this crime and of adopting measures that will curb new scandals and the repetition of scenes as lamentable and painful as this.||”|
Some of his descendants in Venezuela, Ecuador and U.S.A have followed in his military and political footsteps.
Antonio José de Sucre is buried in the Cathedral of Quito, Ecuador, as he had said, "I want my bones to be forever in Quito", where his wife, Mariana de Carcelén y Larrea, Marquise of Solanda, was from.
Further reading 
- Sherwell, Guillermo A. (1924). Antonio José de Sucre (Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho): Hero and Martyr of American Independence. Washington, D.C.: Byron S. Adams.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Antonio José de Sucre|
- (Spanish) Historic document: Memoria a la asamblea del Alto Perú en el día de su instalación.
|President of Bolivia
December 29, 1825 – April 18, 1828
José María Pérez de Urdininea
José de la Riva Agüero
|President of Peru
June 23, 1823 – July 17, 1823
José Bernardo de Tagle