Joseph was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-ninth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1885-March 3, 1895). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1894 to the Fifty-fourth Congress. He served in the Territorial senate 1896-1898, serving as president of that body in 1898. He again engaged in the mercantile business. He was owner of hotels and extensive lands. He died in Ojo Caliente, New Mexico, April 19, 1910. He was interred in Fairview Cemetery, Santa Fe, New Mexico.