|Minister of Institutional Reforms|
21 June 1999 – 11 June 2001
|Prime Minister||Massimo D'Alema,
|Preceded by||Giuliano Amato|
|Succeeded by||Umberto Bossi|
|Minister of Posts and Communications|
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
|Prime Minister||Romano Prodi|
|Preceded by||Giovanni Motzo|
|Succeeded by||Salvatore Cardinale|
|Minister of Regional Affairs|
13 April 1988 – 13 April 1991
|Prime Minister||Ciriaco De Mita,
|Preceded by||Aristide Gunnella|
|Succeeded by||Francesco D'Onofrio|
August 4, 1924
Avellino, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||23 April 2013
|Political party||Action Party
Italian Communist Party
Italian Republican Party
Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy
|Alma mater||Pisa University|
Antonio Maccanico (4 August 1924 – 23 April 2013) was an Italian constitutional specialist and social liberal politician, who served in various capacities in the parliament and federal administrations of Italy.
Early life and education
Maccanico began his career at the house of deputies as a referendary in June 1947. He worked in different commissions in the house. He also served as the general secretary in the office of the Italian president Sandro Pertini for nine years. He was the president of Italian investment bank Mediobanca from 1987 to 1988 during the bank was privatised. He succeeded Enrico Cuccia in the aforementioned post.
He was appointed minister of regional affairs and institutional problems on 13 April 1988 and was in office until 13 April 1991. However, no significant institutional reforms were developed during his tenure. He was elected senator on 6 April 1992 for the Italian Republican Party and was in office until 1994. He served as undersecretary of state of the presidency of the cabinet in the Ciampi Government from 29 April 1993 to 9 May 1994.
Following the resignation of prime minister Lamberto Dini in January 1996, Maccanico was tasked with forming a government on 1 February 1996. Maccanico strongly argued that all parties should agree on the required reforms before the formation of the government. However, he was unable to form a majority, renouncing the mandate on 14 February, and thus, Italian president Oscar Luigi Scalfaro dissolved parliament on 16 February. He was elected deputy on 21 April 1996, being part of Romano Prodi's list, from the constituency of Campania 2.
On 18 May 1996, Maccanico was appointed minister of posts and communications to the cabinet led by prime minister Romano Prodi. In the cabinet, he was part of the Democratic Union to which he had joined early in 1996. He was the father of law no. 249 dated 31 July 1997 that was the basis of Italy's communications authority. The law is also called the Maccanico law. His tenure lasted until 1998. He was named as the minister of institutional reforms in June 2000, replacing Giuliano Amato in the post in the first D'Alema government and kept the post in the successive governments until 2001. In 2001, Maccanico was elected to the chamber of deputies. In 2006, he was elected for the fourth time to the parliament in the list of the Daisy group from Campania.
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