Arrests of Antonio Michel and Marcos Maiquel Lima Cruz

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Antonio Michel Lima Cruz and Marcos Maiquel Lima Cruz are Cuban brothers and dissident journalists. They are members of the Cuban Council of Human Rights Rapporteurs.[1] In 2009, their online newspaper Cardogna was shut down by the Cuban government.[2]

In the evening of Christmas Day 2010, the brothers were hosting a party at which they played hip-hop music with lyrics criticizing the lack of free speech in Cuba. The party was raided by police, and both brothers were arrested.[1] They were subsequently charged with "insulting symbols of their homeland".[3] In May 2011, they were found guilty at what Amnesty International described as a "summary trial". Antonio Michel sentenced to two years' imprisonment, and Marcos Maiquel to three years' imprisonment. Amnesty International designated them to be prisoners of conscience, "detained solely for peacefully exercising their right to freedom of expression".[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Brothers Arrested after Listening to Hip-Hop". Amnesty International. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Paul Haven (21 March 2012). "Amnesty denounces detentions of Cuba opposition". The Guardian. Associated Press. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Human rights in Cuba deteriorate". BBC News. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2012.