Antonio Navarro Wolff

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This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Navarro and the second or maternal family name is Wolff.
Antonio Navarro Wolff
Antonio Navarro.jpg
Governor of Nariño
In office
1 January 2008 – 1 January 2012
Preceded by Eduardo Zúñiga Erazo
Succeeded by Raúl Delgado Guerrero
Senator of Colombia
In office
20 July 2002 – 20 July 2006
Member of the Chamber of Representatives of Colombia
In office
20 July 1998 – 20 July 2002
Constituency Bogotá
Mayor of Pasto
In office
1 January 1995 – 1 January 1998
Preceded by Eduardo Romo Rosero
Co-President of the Constituent Assembly of Colombia
In office
15 January 1991 – 4 July 1991
Serving with Álvaro Gómez Hurtado and Horacio Serpa Uribe
Succeeded by Jimmy Pedreros Narváez
Minister of Health of Colombia
In office
7 August 1990 – 26 October 1991
President César Gaviria
Preceded by Eduardo Díaz Uribe
Succeeded by Camilo González Posso
Personal details
Born Antonio José Navarro Wolff
(1948-07-09) 9 July 1948 (age 66)
Pasto, Nariño, Colombia
Nationality Colombian
Political party Alternative Democratic Pole
Other political
affiliations
M-19 Democratic Alliance
(1990-2005)
Spouse(s) Amparo Erazo (-divorced)
Marcela Bustamante Morón (1994-present)
Children Camilo Navarro Erazo
Gabriel Navarro Bustamante
Alejandro Navarro Bustamante
Alma mater University of Valle (BSE, 1972)
Loughborough University (MIE, 1975)
Profession Engineer
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Allegiance M-19
Years of service 1980-1990
Rank Commandant
Battles/wars Colombian conflict

Antonio José Navarro Wolff (born 9 July 1948) is a former Commandant and leader of the 19th of April Movement (M-19), a former guerilla movement that operated in Colombia in the 1970s and 1980s. After the demobilization through a peace agreement of the M-19, Navarro and others formed the M-19 Democratic Alliance, a political party of which Navarro became a leader of entering mainstream politics in Colombia. In 1990 he ran as a M-19 political candidate during the Colombian presidential elections finishing third and receiving 12.48% of the votes; he ran again unsuccessfully in the 1994 presidential election, and attempted to run for the 2006 presidential elections but lost the candidacy of his party during the primaries. In 1991 he was elected to the National Constituent Assembly, of which became Co-President along with Álvaro Gómez Hurtado and Horacio Serpa Uribe; it was this Assembly that drafted the Colombian Constitution of 1991 which remains the supreme law of the country. He has also served in Congress, being elected to serve both in the Chamber from 1998 to 2002, and the Senate from 2002 to 2006; and elected Mayor of Pasto serving from 1995 to 1998, and Governor of Nariño from 2008 to 2012.

Before M-19[edit]

Antonio José was born on 9 July 1948 in Pasto to Rafael Navarro Uribe and María Emma Wolff Pizarro. In 1972, Navarro graduated as a sanitary engineer from the University of Valle, after which he took postgraduate courses and eventually became a professor at the same university. He studied Environmental Engineering at Loughborough University, UK in 1976 on a scholarship from the Rockefeller Foundation, the British Council and the International Development Research Center (IDRC) of Canada.

As a sanitary engineer, he was an adviser of the Social Medicine Department of the University of Valle (1972), coordinator of the Multidisciplinary Research Centre for Rural Development (CIMDER, 1972–1977), international adviser of the IDRC (1976–1978), Professor at the University of Valle (1972–1978), director of the Curriculum of Sanitary Engineering at the university, and a private consultant.

Militancy in M-19[edit]

At the end of the 1970s, he became a part of the guerilla group M-19. Within the M-19, Navarro ascended to second-in-command of the organization. One of the most controversial episodes of M-19 was the take-over of the Palace of Justice by armed guerrillas. They pretended to demand a trial of President Belisario Betancur for violation of the peace accords. During the operation led by security forces to retake the Palace, a large group of guerrillas, civilians, magistrates and soldiers lost their lives— at least 53 civilian casualties were registered, including several members of Colombia's Supreme Court of Justice. The siege has been catalogued as a holocaust and massacre by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.[1] Although the exact events that occurred will probably never be clear, some unconfirmed versions suggest the guerrillas were financed by the narcotics trafficker Pablo Escobar, in return for the destruction of compromising documents.

Peace Negotiations[edit]

Navarro coordinated peace negotiations for this movement the government of President Betancur in 1984 and 1985. He was named head of the Commission to organize the National Dialogue, along with Vera Grabe, Alfonso Jacquin, Andrés Almarales and Israel Santamaría. Talks were broken off, truces failed and the peace process died. In May 1985, the talks collapsed after an attack in a cafeteria in the city of Cali, when an army man threw a grenade that exploded ten centimeters away from Navarro, who was severely wounded. The facial nerve that controls the left part the jaw was destroyed and he lost his left leg below the knee. M-19 was told that Navarro was to be attacked in the hospital, so he was evacuated to Mexico where the leg was amputated. He received a prosthesis in Cuba.

Later, Carlos Pizarro carried out peace negotiations with the government of President Virgilio Barco. The peace signed 11 March 1990.

After signing the peace accords, M-19 nominated its leader, Carlos Pizarro Leongómez for the presidency of the republic, but he was assassinated on a commercial flight from Bogotá to Barranquilla on 26 April 1990. After the Pizarro's burial, the leaders of M-19 met and decided to continue with the peace process of peace. They nominated Navarro for the Presidency, who came in third in the balloting.

Political life[edit]

In the 2000s, M-19 entered a leftist coalition of parties called the Alternative Democratic Pole and Navarro became its Secretary General.

Antonio Navarro has been mayor of the city of Pasto, Congressman of Colombia and was one of the three collegiate presidents of the Constituent Assembly of Colombia writing the Colombian Constitution of 1991. He has served as Colombian Minister of Health.

In 2006, he ran for the presidency of Colombia, but lost to Carlos Gaviria in the party primaries. He then ran for the Senate and was elected. After he is elected governor of Nariño of the PDA. Later after the election of Gustavo Petro as mayor of Bogotá, Navarro was appointed Secretary of Government which takes turn as spokesman for the mayor. However resignation for personal reasons in late March 2012 in charge subsequently assuming the Progressive Movement spokesperson.

Popular Culture[edit]

Navarro is portrayed by the actor Fabio Rubiano as the character of 'Marcos' in TV series Escobar, el patrón del mal.

References[edit]