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|Cardinal Archbishop of Buenos Aires|
Cardinal Quarracino with yerba mate.
|Appointed||10 July 1990|
|Installed||22 November 1990|
|Term ended||28 February 1998|
|Predecessor||Juan Carlos Aramburu|
|Ordination||22 December 1945|
|Consecration||8 April 1962
by Anunciado Serafini
|Created Cardinal||28 June 1991
by Pope John Paul II
|Birth name||Antonio Quarracino|
8 August 1923|
Pollica, Province of Salerno, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||28 February 1998
|Buried||Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral|
|Alma mater||San José Seminary, La Plata|
|Coat of arms|
|Ordination history of Antonio Quarracino|
|Date of ordination||22 December 1945|
|Principal consecrator||Anunciado Serafini|
|Co-consecrator||Adolfo Servando Tortolo|
|Co-consecrator||Raúl Francisco Primatesta|
|Date of consecration||8 April 1962|
|Date of elevation||28 June 1991|
|Bishops consecrated by Antonio Quarracino as principal consecrator|
|Alejo Benedicto Gilligan||4 October 1969|
|Rubén Héctor di Monte||16 August 1980|
|Norberto Eugenio Conrado Martina||9 December 1990|
|Héctor Rubén Aguer||4 April 1992|
|Rubén Oscar Frassia||4 April 1992|
|Jorge Mario Bergoglio||27 June 1992|
|Raúl Omar Rossi||27 June 1992|
|Pedro Luis Ronchino||19 March 1993|
|José Luis Mollaghan||2 October 1993|
|Francisco Polti Santillán||22 August 1994|
|Guillermo Rodríguez Melgarejo||27 September 1994|
He was appointed Bishop of Nueve de Julio, Buenos Aires, by Pope John XXIII, on 3 February 1962, and received the episcopal see on 8 April of the same year. On 3 August 1968 Paul VI moved him to the diocese of Avellaneda (whose new cathedral was built during his rule).
John Paul II promoted him to the Archdiocese of La Plata on 18 December 1985, and then to the Archdiocese of Buenos Aires on 10 July 1990, additionally appointing him Primate of Argentina. He was elected to preside the Argentine Episcopal Conference in the following November, and then reelected, until 1996. He was elevated to Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria della Salute a Primavalle in consistory on 28 June 1991.
Inter-religious dialogue with Jews
Quarracino was a major figure of inter-religious discussion with Jews. During a visit to Israel in 1992 he was decorated by Jewish institutions for this cause, and in 1997 he had a mural painting set up in the Cathedral of Buenos Aires commemorating the victims of the Holocaust and the bombings of the Israeli Embassy and the AMIA.
Quarracino was inclined to journalism and, while in La Plata, he renewed the informative magazine of the archdiocese, transforming it into a full-fledged cultural publication. As Bishop of Buenos Aires, he appeared on TV often and regularly; he was in charge of a segment in a religious program (Claves para un mundo mejor) in the state-owned channel ATC.
Quarracino was outspoken about controversial topics. One of his first notable public statements was his support, in 1982, of a project of law that would end all investigation of the crimes of the Dirty War, in order to "contribute to national reconciliation". This can be seen as a precedent of the Ley de Punto Final, sanctioned in 1986.
Quarracino was opposed to the policies of president Raúl Alfonsín (1983–1989), and accused politicians of corruption, as the cause of "national poverty". However, he acknowledged being a friend of president Carlos Menem (1989–1999), who was himself heavily criticized by other Church leaders (such as Cardinal Primatesta).
In 1994, during his TV segment in ATC, Quarracino spoke against homosexuality saying that lesbians and gay men should be "locked up in a ghetto". This caused an accusation of discrimination, which was not considered by justice because anti-discrimination Law 23592 did not cover sexual orientation. Three years before he had termed homosexuality "a deviation of human nature, like bestiality".
The Cardinal was an avowed fan of the Boca Juniors football team. When he celebrated his 50 years of priesthood he received a Boca Juniors shirt signed by all the team members.
- (Spanish) "Bergoglio, Jorge Mario". Breve biografía de obispos. La Agencia Informativa Católica Argentina. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
|Catholic Church titles|
Juan Carlos Aramburu
|Archbishop of Buenos Aires
10 July 1990 – 28 February 1998