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Prime Minister of Italy
March 21, 1914 – June 18, 1916
|Monarch||Victor Emmanuel III|
|Preceded by||Giovanni Giolitti|
|Succeeded by||Paolo Boselli|
August 13, 1853|
|Died||December 9, 1931
|Political party||Historical Right (until 1913)
Antonio Salandra (August 13, 1853 – December 9, 1931) was a conservative Italian politician who served as the 33rd Prime Minister of Italy between 1914 and 1916. He graduated from the University of Naples in 1875 and then became instructor and later professor of administrative law at the University of Rome.
Born in Troia (Province of Foggia, Apulia), Salandra was brought into the national cabinet upon the fall of the government of Giovanni Giolitti, as the choice of Giolitti himself, who still commanded the support of most Italian parliamentarians. However, he soon fell out with Giolitti over the question of Italian participation in World War I. While Giolitti supported neutrality, Salandra and his foreign minister, Sidney Sonnino, supported intervention on the side of the Allies, and secured Italy's entrance into the war despite the opposition of the majority in parliament. Salandra had expected that Italy's entrance on the allied side would bring the war to a quick solution, but in fact it changed little, and Italy's first year in the war was marked by only very limited success. Following the success of an Austrian offensive from the Trentino in the spring of 1916, Salandra was forced to resign.
After World War I, Salandra moved further to the right, and supported Mussolini's accession to power in 1922. Nine years later he died in Rome.
He is author of a considerable number of works on economics, finance, history, law, and politics (New International Encyclopedia). These include:
- Tratto della giustizia amministrativo (1904)
- La politica nazionale e il partito liberale (1912)
- Lezioni di diritto amministrativo (two volumes, 1912)
- Politica e legislazione : saggi, raccolti da Giustino Fortunato (1915)
- Il discorso contro la malafede tedesca (1915)
Media related to Antonio Salandra at Wikimedia Commons
|Prime Minister of Italy
|Italian Minister of the Interior
Vittorio Emanuele Orlando
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