Antonio Samorè

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His Eminence
Antonio Samorè
Prefect of the Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments
Antonio Samoré Argentina 1978.jpg
Cardinal Samorè in 1978
Diocese Sabina e Poggio Mirteto
Installed 1 November 1968
Term ended 25 January 1974
Other posts Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina e Poggio Mirteto
Orders
Ordination 10 June 1928
by Ersilio Menzani
Consecration 16 April 1950
by Clemente Micara
Created Cardinal 26 June 1967
Rank Cardinal-Bishop
Personal details
Born (1905-12-04)4 December 1905
Bardi, Kingdom of Italy
Died 3 February 1983(1983-02-03) (aged 77)
Rome, Republic of Italy
Nationality Italian
Denomination Roman Catholic
Previous post
Motto
  • Auxilium A Domino
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}
Styles of
Antonio Samorè
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Sabina e Poggio Mirteto (suburbicarain)

Antonio Samorè (4 December 1905 – 3 February 1983) was an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1967.

Biography[edit]

Cardinal Samorè speaking to the Argentine press during the Beagle Channel conflict, 1978.

Samorè was born in Bardi, near Parma. After studying at the seminary in Piacenza and the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome, he was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Ersilio Menzani on 10 June 1928. Father Samorè then did pastoral work in Piacenza until 1932, when he became attaché and secretary of the Lithuanian nunciature. He was raised to the rank of Privy Chamberlain of His Holiness on 28 February 1935, and later a Domestic prelate of His Holiness on 27 February 1947. In 1938, Samorè was named secretary of the nunciature to Switzerland and also entered the Roman Curia as an official of the Secretariat of State. He was then counselor of the apostolic delegation to United States from 1947 to 1950.

On 30 January 1950, Samorè was appointed Apostolic Nuncio to Colombia and Titular Archbishop of Ternobus by Pope Pius XII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following April 16 from Clemente Micara, with Archbishop Filippo Bernardini and Bishop Alberto Carinci serving as co-consecrators, in the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva. Samorè later returned to Rome upon his naming as Secretary of the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs on 7 February 1953. As Secretary, he was the second-highest official of that dicastery. Before and after the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965), later as President of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America, he was charged by Pope Paul VI to stem support of liberation theology and "ecclesial base communities" by the Latin American Episcopal Conference (CELAM).

Homage to Cardinal Samorè, in Santiago de Chile.

He was created Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria sopra Minerva by Paul VI in the consistory of 26 June 1967. A protégé of Alfredo Ottaviani, the heavily conservative Samorè advised Pope Paul against granting his approval to artificial birth control.[1] The next year, on November 1, 1968, Paul appointed him Prefect of the Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments. Following the death of Giovanni Urbani in 1969, Cardinal Samorè was one of the leading contenders to succeed him as Patriarch of Venice; the position ultimately went to Bishop Albino Luciani.[2] Samorè, upon resigning as Prefect on January 25, 1974, was named Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church. On 12 December of that same year, he became Cardinal Bishop of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto.

From 1978 to 1983, he acted as a special representative of Pope John Paul II, later earning Samorè the nickname "the Vatican Kissinger",[3] to operate a mediation between Chile and Argentina, in the brink of war, because of a disagreement concerning the ownership of the strategic Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands during the Beagle conflict. The international pass of Puyehue, that links Osorno in Chile with Bariloche (Argentina) was later renamed after him as Cardenal Antonio Samorè Pass.

Samorè died of a heart attack in Rome, at age 77. He is buried in the church of the Carmelite monastery of Vetralla.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yallop, David. "In God's Name: An Investigation Into the Murder of Pope John Paul II". Carrol & Graff, 2007
  2. ^ Ibid.
  3. ^ TIME Magazine. War Averted January 22, 1979

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Giuseppe Beltrami
Apostolic Nuncio to Colombia
30 January 1950 – 7 February 1953
Succeeded by
Paolo Bertoli
Preceded by
Carlo Confalonieri
President of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America
1967–1968
Succeeded by
Carlo Confalonieri
Preceded by
none
President of the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs
1967–1968
Succeeded by
post abolished
Preceded by
Francis Brennan
Prefect of the Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments
1 November 1968 – 25 January 1974
Succeeded by
James Knox
Preceded by
Eugène-Gabriel-Gervais-Laurent Tisserant
Archivist of the Holy Roman Church
25 January 1974 – 3 February 1983
Succeeded by
Alfons Maria Stickler, SDB
Preceded by
Eugène-Gabriel-Gervais-Laurent Tisserant
Librarian of the Holy Roman Church
25 January 1974 – 3 February 1983
Succeeded by
Alfons Maria Stickler, SDB