Antonis Vratsanos

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Antonis Vratsanos
Born 1919
Larissa
Died November 25, 2008
Athens

Antonis Vratsanos (Aggeloulis) (Greek: Αντώνης Βρατσάνος (Αγγελούλης), 1919 in Larissa – November 25, 2008 in Athens), was a saboteur of the Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS), the military branch of the National Liberation Front (EAM) during the Axis Occupation of Greece, and of the Democratic Army of Greece during the Greek Civil War.[1][2][3]

Born in Larissa in 1919, he fought in the Greco-Italian War as a Reserve 2nd Lieutenant of Engineers.[1] With the onset of the Occupation, he joined the EAM-ELAS, rising to become commander of the Olympus Engineers Battalion, with which he was engaged in numerous sabotage acts against the railway network used by the occupation forces, including the destruction of over 47 railway installations, 20 trains and 12 locomotives.[1] His On February 1944, he blew up a German train, full of German troops on their way to the Eastern Front. This cost the Wehrmacht 450 dead, including 150 officers and a general with all his staff. This action is considered as one of the biggest sabotages in Europe, against the German occupation.[4][5]

During the subsequent civil war of 1946–49, he led a saboteur brigade of the communist Democratic Army of Greece. Following the communists' defeat, he went to exile in Tashkent and Romania.[1]

On February 28, 2007, he was awarded by the President of the Hellenic Republic, Karolos Papoulias, the "Grand Commander of the Order of Honor" for his actions in the Greek Resistance in the years 1941–44.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "«Εφυγε» ο θρυλικός μπουρλοτιέρης Αντώνης Βρατσάνος" (in Greek). Rizospastis. 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2015-08-02.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ Κηδεύτηκε με πολιτική κηδεία ο Αντώνης Βρατσάνος (in Greek). Rizospastis. 2008-11-28. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 
  3. ^ "Έφυγε" ο θρυλικός μπουρλοτιέρης του Ολύμπου, αρχιμπουρλοτιέρης των ΕΛΑΣ-ΔΣΕ, επαναστάτης κομμουνιστής σύντροφος Αντώνης Βρατσάνος (in Greek). Anasintaxi. 15-30.11.2008. p. 1. Retrieved 2015-02-02.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ Kostas Latifis (2008-10-30). "Ο ήρωας Βρατσάνος" (in Greek). Ta Nea. Retrieved 2008-11-29. 
  5. ^ J.N. Stevens, C.N. Woodhouse, D.J. Wallace (1982). Lars Bæerentzen, ed. British Reports on Greece 1943-44. Museum Tusculanum Press. p. 181. ISBN 978-87-88073-20-1. 
  6. ^ Lena Pagoni (2007-03-01). Από την ανατίναξη στα Τέμπη μέχρι τη σωτηρία ναυαγών (in Greek). Eleftherotypia. Retrieved 2008-11-29.