|Town of Antonito, Colorado|
Location in Conejos County and the State of Colorado
|State||State of Colorado|
|Incorporated (town)||December 29, 1889|
|• Type||Statutory Town|
|• Mayor||Mike Trujillo Jr.|
|• Total||0.4 sq mi (1 km2)|
|• Land||0.4 sq mi (1 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||7,890 ft (2,405 m)|
|• Density||2,182.5/sq mi (873/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||0190909|
Antonito is the southern terminus of the San Luis and Rio Grande Railroad and the eastern terminus of the steam powered, narrow gauge Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad, which runs westwards to Osier, Colorado, and Chama, New Mexico.
At the 2000 census, there were 873 people, 357 households and 234 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,212.3 per square mile (864.3/km²). There were 396 housing units at an average density of 1,003.5 per square mile (392.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 61.40% White, 0.11% African American, 3.55% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 31.96% from other races, and 2.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 90.26% of the population.
There were 357 households of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 20.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.09.
28.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.
The median household income was $19,205 and the median family income was $23,162. Males had a median income of $25,417 compared with $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,047. About 26.4% of families and 29.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.3% of those under age 18 and 22.5% of those age 65 or over.
Antonito began life as a sheep herding camp known as San Antonio Junction, referring to its proximity to the Conejos and San Antonio Rivers. When the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad built its line south from Alamosa, the town was renamed Antonito and became an important town on the railroad line. The town was incorporated in 1889. There are currently no major industries located in Antonito, but the historic Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad has one terminus in Antonito and the other terminus in Chama, New Mexico.
Despite a poor economy, there has been much development on Main Street in recent years. An art gallery, library, tire repair shop and a new medical clinic have been added. Family Dollar recently built a store in Antonito and the town is restoring the historic Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad depot, one of only a few lava rock depots still existing in the United States.
- Ruben Archuleta - first Hispanic Chief of Police in Pueblo, Colorado, in 1995, and author of several books: I Came From El Valle, Land of the Penitentes, Land of Tradition, Eppie Archuleta and the Tale of Juan de la Burra and Penitente Renaissance, Manifesting Hope.
- Carlos Lucero - the first Hispanic president of the Colorado Bar Association, in 1995 became the first Hispanic judge to sit on the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.
- Celedonio Mondragon - founder of the oldest Hispanic fraternal organization in the nation, La Sociedad Protection Mutua de Trabajadores Unidos.
- Fred "Lightning Heart" Haberlein - internationally recognized muralist, graduated from Antonito High School.
- Donald "Cano" Espinoza - outsider artist, builder of the world-famous "Cano's Castle".
- Rafael Gallegos, - former State Representative, died in Antonito.
- Aaron A. Abeyta - Chicano poet, born and raised in Antonito, won the American Book Award in 2001 for his first collection of poems, Colcha.
- Outline of Colorado
- State of Colorado
- Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad
- San Luis Valley
- "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
- "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-18.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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