Antonius Hambroek

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Antonius Hambroek
Born 1607
Rotterdam, Dutch Republic
Died July 21, 1661
Residence Netherlands
Nationality Dutch

Antonius Hambroek (1607–1661) was a Dutch missionary to Formosa from 1648 to 1661[1] during the Dutch colonial era. He was martyred by Koxinga as the Chinese-Japanese warlord wrested Taiwan from the Dutch.[2] Koxinga had captured Hambroek along with his wife and three of his children, and sent him as a messenger to Frederik Coyett, the Governor of Formosa, to demand the surrender of the Dutch garrison at Fort Zeelandia and the abandonment of their colony. Koxinga promised the missionary death should he return with a displeasing answer; Coyett refused to surrender and Hambroek was executed on his return to Koxinga's camp.[3]

After the Siege of Fort Zeelandia, Koxinga took Hambroek's teenage daughter as a concubine.[4][5] Other Dutch women were sold to Chinese soldiers to become their wives.[6]

Antonius Hambroek, or the Siege of Formosa[edit]

The playwright Joannes Nomsz wrote a tragedy for the stage in 1775 about the martyrdom of Hambroek,[7] sealing the missionary's fame in Holland.


  1. ^ Andrade, Tonio. "Appendix B". How Taiwan became Chinese. 
  2. ^ Asia in the Making of Europe. Book 2, South Asia. p. 279. ISBN 978-0-226-46765-8. 
  3. ^ "Nieuw Nederlandsch biografisch woordenboek (New Dutch Biographical Dictionary)" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2008-12-18. 
  4. ^ Samuel H. Moffett (1998). A History of Christianity in Asia: 1500-1900. VOLUME II (2, illustrated ed.). Orbis Books. p. 222. ISBN 1-57075-450-0. Retrieved Dec 20, 2011. (Volume 2 of A History of Christianity in Asia, Samuel H. Moffett Volume 36 of American Society of Missiology series)
  5. ^ Free China review, Volume 11. W.Y. Tsao. 1961. p. 54. Retrieved Dec 20, 2011. 
  6. ^ Jonathan Manthorpe (2008). Forbidden Nation: A History of Taiwan (illustrated ed.). Macmillan. p. 77. ISBN 0-230-61424-8. Retrieved Dec 20, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Antonius Hambroek, of de Belegering van Formoza".