Antonov An-28

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An-28
Rodina Antonov An-28-1.jpg
Antonov An-28 of Rodina
Role Short-range airliner
Manufacturer Antonov
First flight September 1969
Introduction 1986
Status Operational
Primary user Aeroflot
Produced 1975–1993
Number built 191
Developed from Antonov An-14
Variants PZL M-28
Developed into Antonov An-38

The Antonov An-28 (NATO reporting name Cash) is a 2-engined light prop transport aircraft, developed from the Antonov An-14M. It was the winner of a competition against the Beriev Be-30 for use by Aeroflot as a short-range airliner.[1] It first flew in 1969.

A total of 191 were built and 68 remain in airline service at August 2006.[2]

After a short pre-production series built by Antonov, it was licence-built in Poland by PZL-Mielec. In 1993, PZL-Mielec developed its own improved variant, the PZL M-28 Skytruck.

Development[edit]

The An-28 is similar to the An-14 in many of its aspects, including its wing structure and twin rudders, but features an expanded fuselage and turboprop engines, in place of the An-14's piston engines. The An-28 first flew as a modified An-14 in 1969. The next pre-production model did not fly until 1975. In passenger carrying configuration, accommodation was provided for up to 15 people, in addition to the two-man crew.[3] Production was transferred to PZL-Mielec in 1978. The first Polish-built aircraft did not fly until 1984. The An-28 finally received its Soviet type certificate in 1986.

Variants[edit]

An-14A
The original Antonov designation for an enlarged, twin-turboprop version of the An-14.
An-14M
Prototype.
An-28
Twin-engined short-range utility transport aircraft, three built.
An-28RM Bryza 1RM
Search and rescue, air ambulance aircraft.
An-28TD Bryza 1TD
Transport version.
An-28PT
Variant with Pratt & Whitney engines first flown 22 July 1993.

Operators[edit]

Civil Operators[edit]

Sprint Airlines PZL built An-28
An-28 on USSR postal stamp

Major operators of the 68 Antonov An-28 aircraft remaining in airline service include:

 Kyrgyzstan
 Moldova
 Poland
  • Aerogryf
 Russia
 Suriname
  • Blue Wing Airlines (formerly operated 5 with three lost in crashes on 3 April 2008, 15 October 2009,and 15 May 2010)
 Tajikistan
  • Tajik Air (8)
  • Some 21 other airlines operate smaller numbers of the type.[2]

Military Operators[edit]

 Angola
 Djibouti
 Peru
 Poland
 Georgia

Former Operators[edit]

 Soviet Union
 Estonia

Notable accidents and incidents[edit]

Specifications (An-28)[edit]

Comparison of the An-14 and the An-28

Data from Airliners.net[1]

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lundgren, Johan (1996-2006). The Antonov/PZL Mielec An-28. Airliners.net. AirNav Systems LLC. URL accessed on 1 July 2006.
  2. ^ a b Flight International, 3–9 October 2006
  3. ^ Green, W. 1976. The Observer's Book of Aircraft. (25th ed.) Frederick Warne & Co. pp. 254. ISBN 0-7232-1553-7
  4. ^ "Accident description". Aviation safety network. Archived from the original on 30 October 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  5. ^ "9Q-CUN? Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "RA-28715 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 12 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "10 dead in An-28 plane crash in Russia’s Far East". Retrieved 12 September 2012. 

External links[edit]