Antonov An-3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
An-3
MChS Rossii Antonov An-3T-2.jpg
Antonov An-3T of MChS Rossii in June 2007.
Role Multipurpose aircraft
Manufacturer Antonov
First flight 13 May 1980
Introduction 1990s
Status In production
Primary user Private agricultural interests
Produced 1990s–present
Number built 25
Unit cost
US$ 1 500,000
Developed from Antonov An-2

The Antonov An-3 is a Soviet (later Ukrainian and Russian) civil multipurpose and agricultural aircraft. It is essentially a turboprop-powered development of the An-2 designed to upgrade or replace it. The first example flew as early as May 13, 1980, but because of a lack of official interest in the project, work proceeded very slowly–flight testing was not complete until 1991. It is one of the few turbine-powered biplane designs to date.

The project was revitalised in the late 1990s when it was taken over by Polyot State Aerospace Enterprise, and a marketing campaign began in earnest in 2000, although sales have been limited. It is available in two forms, the basic agricultural aircraft (An-3SKh—"Selsko-Khosiajstwenni", Agricultural) and a civil transport version (An-3T) able to carry 12 passengers or 1,800 kg (4,000 lb) of cargo.

Although it is designated An-3, this number is not assigned sequentially. Antonov assigned it to the plane because it was meant to replace the An-2.

Another attempt to replace the An-2 on Soviet farms was made in 1970s with the WSK-Mielec M-15 Belphegor, but it failed.

From 2007, the “Polyot” Production Association started to upgrade the first 10 An-2s of the Russian Airborne Troops to An-3T-10 standard. The overall requirement is estimated at approximately 200 aircraft.[1][2]

Specifications (An-3T)[edit]

Antonov An-3
Antonov An-3T

Data from Antonov An-2[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: Useful Load 1,800kg (3,970lb)
  • Length: 14 m (45 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 18.176 m (59 ft 8 in)
  • Height: 4.235 m (13 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 71.51 m2 (769.7 sq ft)
  • Max takeoff weight: 5,800 kg (12,787 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Glushenkov TVD-20-03 Turboprop, 1,010 kW (1,350 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 260 km/h (162 mph; 140 kn)
  • Cruising speed: 220 km/h (137 mph; 119 kn) at 2,000m (6,560ft)
  • Range: 550 km (342 mi; 297 nmi) with a 1,500kg (3,300lb) payload
  • Service ceiling: 4,400 m (14,436 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 5 m/s (980 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 81 kg/m2 (17 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.174kW/kg

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ Military Parade 4-2007, page 33.
  2. ^ http://www.avia-it.com/act/rassegna_stampa/aviazione_generale/avianew_rs_ag_luglio_2008_5.asp
  3. ^ Gordon, Yefim (2004). Antonov An-2. Red Star 15. Hinkley: Midland publishing. ISBN 1-85780-162-8. 
  • "Самолет АН-3". Russian Weapons and Military Technologies (in Russian). CompActive Ltd. Archived from the original on 26 May 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-01.  (Shortened version in English available here)

External links[edit]