Ants Piip

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Ants Piip
Ants Piip.jpg
1stState Elder of Estonia

7thPrime Minister of Estonia

In office
20 December 1920 – 25 January 1921
Succeeded by Konstantin Päts
In office
26 October 1920 – 20 November 1921
Personal details
Born (1884-02-28)28 February 1884
Tuhalaane, Viljandi County, Estonia
Died 1 October 1942(1942-10-01) (aged 58)
Nyrobsky camp, Molotov Oblast, Soviet Union
Nationality Estonian
Political party Estonian Labour Party, later none
Profession lawyer, diplomat, politician

Ants Piip VR III/1 (28 February [O.S. 16 February] 1884 in Tuhalaane[1] – 1 October 1942 in Nyrobsky camp) was an Estonian lawyer, diplomat and politician.

Education[edit]

Piip studied at the Teachers' Seminar in Kuldīga (formerly Goldingen), now in Latvia. In 1903–1905, he was a parish clerk and schoolteacher at Alūksne, also a teacher in the Emperor Nikolai Greek Orthodox Parish School in Kuressaare in 1905–1906, in the Kuressaare Marine School in 1906–1912, and in the Janson Merchant School in Saint Petersburg in 1913–1915. He took his High School exams at the Kuressaare State High School, studied at the law department of the Saint Petersburg University in 1908–1913, took additional courses in the Berlin University in 1912, received a scientific scholarship from the Saint Petersburg University in 1913–1916.

Career[edit]

Piip in the United States in 1923

Piip was a member of the Estonian Province Assembly (Estonian: Maapäev), and later a member of the Constituent Assembly (Asutav Kogu), and after that, of the Riigikogu. In 1917–1919, Piip was a member of the Estonian Foreign Mission in Saint Petersburg and in London, he participated in the Paris Peace Conference. In 1919 he was Deputy to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1919–1920 Member of the Estonian delegation in the Tartu peace negotiations between Estonia and the Russian SFSR. In 1919–1940 he was Professor of International Law in Tartu University. In 1920, he was the diplomatic representative the Republic of Estonia in Great Britain. 1920–1921, while Head of State, Piip was also the Minister of War. He held position of Minister of Foreign Affairs five times, also he was in 1923–1925 the Envoy of Estonia to the United States of America. During 1938–1940, Piip was also member of the Riigivolikogu (first chamber of the Riigikogu).

Piip was arrested by the NKVD on 30 June 1941 and he died in a Soviet prison camp NyrobLag the next year.

Awards[edit]

1920 – Cross of Liberty III/I
1932 – Order of the Estonian Red Cross I/II
1934 – Order of the Cross of the Eagle I
1940 – Order of the White Star I

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ants Piibu sünd" (in Estonian). Histrodamus. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
Preceded by
Jaan Tõnisson
Prime Minister of Estonia
1920
Succeeded by
State Elder of Estonia
Preceded by
Prime Minister of Estonia
State Elder of Estonia
1920–1921
Succeeded by
Konstantin Päts
Preceded by
Aleksander Tõnisson
Minister of War
1920–1921
Succeeded by
Jaan Soots
Preceded by
Jaan Poska
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1919
Succeeded by
Ado Birk
Preceded by
Otto Strandmann
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1921–1922
Succeeded by
Aleksander Hellat
Preceded by
Kaarel Robert Pusta
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1925–1926
Succeeded by
Friedrich Akel
Preceded by
August Rei
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1933
Succeeded by
Julius Seljamaa
Preceded by
Karl Selter
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1939–1940
Succeeded by
August Rei (in exile)