Antyllus was a Greek surgeon, who lived in the 2nd century AD in Rome. He is most notable for his method of treatment of aneurysms. He described the types of aneurysms, and created a taxonomy related to the lesions' potential for rupture. He lived in the same era as Galen, and as Galen was dominant figure in the field of medicine, Antyllus excelled in surgery. His works have been lost, though some are reflected in the writings of Oribasius. He developed specific instructions for a number of operations. He also listed the indications and contraindications and described the complications that could arise from the operations. His operation for aneurysm remained the standard procedure until the 19th century. Antyllus is also said to have developed a procedure to extract cataracts from the eye via suction, later improved by Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi in the 10th century.
- Fortner G, Johansen K (January 1984). "Abdominal aortic aneurysms". West. J. Med. 140 (1): 50–9. PMC 1011036. PMID 6702193.
- DeBakey ME (June 1991). "A surgical perspective". Ann. Surg. 213 (6): 499–531. doi:10.1097/00000658-199106000-00001. PMC 1358568. PMID 2039282.
- Emilie Savage-Smith (2000). "The Practice of Surgery in Islamic Lands: Myth and Reality". Social History of Medicine 13 (2): 307–21 [318–9]. doi:10.1093/shm/13.2.307.