Anvik, Alaska

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Anvik
Gitr’ingithchagg
City
Anvik is located in Alaska
Anvik
Anvik
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 62°39′20″N 160°12′33″W / 62.65556°N 160.20917°W / 62.65556; -160.20917Coordinates: 62°39′20″N 160°12′33″W / 62.65556°N 160.20917°W / 62.65556; -160.20917
Country United States
State Alaska
Census Area Yukon-Koyukuk
Incorporated October 6, 1969[1]
Government
 • Mayor William Koso[2]
Area
 • Total 11.9 sq mi (30.9 km2)
 • Land 9.5 sq mi (24.6 km2)
 • Water 2.4 sq mi (6.3 km2)
Elevation 52 ft (16 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 85
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
Zip code 99558
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-03880

Anvik[pronunciation?] (Gitr’ingithchagg[pronunciation?][3] in Deg Xinag) is a city, home to the Deg Hit'an people, in the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States. The name Anvik, meaning "exit" in the Central Alaskan Yup'ik language, became the common usage despite multiple names at the time, and may have come from early Russian explorers. The native name in the Deg Xinag language is Deloy Ges. The population was 85 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The original site was on the other side of the Yukon River, but residents gradually moved to where the Anvik Episcopal mission, school and church were constructed in 1887. A post office was also erected ten years later. There were two influenza epidemics, first in 1918, and again in 1927, which created many orphans. Children came from as far away as Fort Yukon to the mission.

Anvik has been known by many names throughout the years, including: American Station, Anvic, Anvick, Anvig, Anvig Station, and Anwig. Anvik was an Ingalik Indian village which the Russian Andrei Glazanov reported as having several hundred people in 1834 (the population has since been estimated to be over 700). The Native village was originally sited across the Yukon River Northeast of its present location at a place called the point. Every year at breakup, families moved up into the hills from the point.

Village residents recall the sternwheelers which carried supplies to town in the late teens and early 1920s. Some village residents had contracts to cut wood which was utilized for fuel by the sternwheelers. Residents sold fish and furs to traders who arrived by boat.

The early 1930s brought the first arrival of a plane on skis. Regular mail service was established in the mid-thirties when planes with skis and floats arrived at the village. Before the present airstrip was built in the mid-1960s, wheeled aircraft landed on nearby sandbars.

Anvik is also the first checkpoint on the Yukon River for the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, when the sled dog race takes a southern route every other year. The church bell is always rung for the first team that arrives.

Geography[edit]

Anvik is located at 62°39′20″N 160°12′33″W / 62.65556°N 160.20917°W / 62.65556; -160.20917 (62.655659, -160.209237)[4], west of the Yukon River at the mouth of the Anvik River. It is 34 miles (55 km) to the north of Holy Cross. There is a public Anvik Airport (ANV) with a 2,960-foot (902 m) gravel runway located one mile (1.6 km) southeast of downtown Anvik. The students of Blackwell School have created a clickable interactive map of Anvik.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.9 square miles (31 km2), of which 9.5 square miles (25 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (20.44%) is water. It is considered an incorporated place (FIPS 55-3 Class C6).

Demographics[edit]

At the 2000 census[5], there were 104 people, 39 households and 23 families residing in the city. The population density was 10.9 per square mile (4.2/km²). There were 49 housing units at an average density of 5.2 per square mile (2.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94 Native American, nine White, and one from other races. One also reported Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

There were 39 households of which 41.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.8% were married couples living together, 25.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.43.

Age distribution was 34 under the age of 15, 6 from 16 to 18, 9 from 18 to 24, 28 from 25 to 44, 19 from 45 to 64, and 8 who were 65 years of age or older. The average age was 30.14 and the median age was 28.5 years, compared to 32.4 for the entire state. There were 57 males (35 over 18) and 47 females (29 over 18).

The annual median household income was $21,250, and the median family income was $18,125. Males had a median income of $0 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,081 (compare $21,587 nationally). Median rent was $263 and monthly housing and mortgage costs were $833. There were 40.0% of families and 44.2% of the population living below the poverty line, including 45.5% of under eighteens and 50.0% of those over 64.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory of Borough and City Officials 1974". Alaska Local Government (Juneau: Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs) XIII (2): 19. January 1974. 
  2. ^ "Community: Anvik". Community Database Online. Juneau: Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development, Division of Community and Regional Affairs. 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  3. ^ ankn.uaf.edu: Deg Xinag Ałixi Ni’elyoy / Deg Xinag Learners' Dictionary (2007)
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ekada, Patricia J. Athabascan Culture-From the Lower Yukon Area. 

External links[edit]