Anza, California, View of the Cahuilla mountains from Cahuilla road
|• Total||27.676 sq mi (71.681 km2)|
|• Land||27.594 sq mi (71.468 km2)|
|• Water||0.082 sq mi (0.212 km2) 0.30%|
|Elevation||3,921 ft (1,195 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Density||110/sq mi (42/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||269555; 2582935|
Anza is a census-designated place located in southern Riverside County, California, in the Anza Valley, a semi-arid region at a mean elevation of 3,921 feet (1,195 m) above sea level. It is located 13 miles (21 km) south of Idyllwild, and approximately 35 miles (56 km) southwest of Palm Springs, 143 miles (230 km) southeast of Los Angeles, California and approximately 75 miles (121 km) northeast of San Diego, California, being traversed by State Route 371. The population was 3,014 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 27.7 square miles (71.7 km²), 99.70% of it land and 0.30% of it water.
Regional geographic subdivisions of the unincorporated town include Anza Valley and Cave Rocks (Central); Tripp Flats, Chandler Heights and Cahuilla (West) as well as Oak Spring, Burnt Spring and Heller Spring (East). The Anza Valley in which the unincorporated town is nestled is bordered by three significant mountains- Cahuilla Mountain to the West, Thomas Mountain to the northeast and Beauty Mountain to the southwest.
The area is characterized as high desert, experiencing somewhat stronger temperature variations than those of the coastal cities, including sudden dips of temperature even on summer evenings, due to the high elevation. The Anza Trail—originally travelled on horseback by Juan Bautista de Anza in 1774 through what was then referred to as the Cahuilla Valley—traverses the city from southeast to northwest.
It is estimated that the Cahuilla aboriginal tribes inhabited an area including what is today the Anza Valley more than two thousand years ago and encountered Europeans only as late as 1774, when a Spanish expedition in search of an overland route from Sonora to Alta California made its way from Tubac, Sonora through the valley to Monterey, Alta California. Explorer Juan Bautista de Anza first passed through the valley on March 16, 1774, and again on December 27, 1775. De Anza originally named the valley "San Carlos"; it was renamed in his honor from Cahuilla Valley to Anza Valley on 16 September 1926.
Up until about 1580 the area was in the proximity of a larger body of inland water known as Lake Cahuilla, but that inland lake larger than the current Salton Sea, which occupies a portion of its former location, evaporated, thus increasing the desert character of the Anza Valley. These climatic and cultural factors can be seen as having exercised a unique influence on the early European settlers of the Anza Valley. During the 19th century, settlement included ranchers, a limited number of miners, and honey producers. The mid-to-late 19th century witnessed moderate population and above average economic prosperity for this isolated community.
From the late 1860s on, Anza was largely settled by families seeking to build ranches under the Homestead Act. Of the homesteads in the area, one, the Cary Ranch on Cary Road (south of Anza, east of the Tripp Flatts Ranger Station) still exists and is still owned and occupied by family members of the original settlers. The ranch is now occupied by the Hopkins family. The Hopkins are direct descendents of the Cary family. Although the Cary Ranch used to encompass hundreds of acres of land, most has been sold off, and only a 20-acre (81,000 m2) parcel and several original buildings exist.
The post office opened in 1926.
Already in the 1970s sales of property parcels and lots in Anza were promoted with particular emphasis on the proximity of this unspoiled countryside to larger coastal cities of southern California. Though perceived by outsiders as friendly and open to newcomers, Anza has been among those unique rural communities determined to systematically avoid the social and environmental problems of over-urbanization and since the 1980s this close-knit community has sought to preserve its unique artistic and creative culture by closely scrutinizing any development plans that could give rise to dysfunctions experienced in other regions of the state.
Due to its history and relative isolation for hundreds of years, Anza is dissimilar to many areas in California settled during the same period. The cultural identity of many long-time Anzans exhibits the marked influence of Cahuillan aboriginal culture on the White population, expressed in terms of art and folklore.
During the 1990s the city enjoyed an increasingly widespread reputation as a growing artists colony featuring newcomers from as far away as Europe. Common free-time activities include trail wandering, local historical activities and festivals as well as motorbiking, rockhounding and horseback riding along the Anza Trail. The Mountain Cahuilla operate a casino from their reservation on the southwestern edge of the city.
Every summer Anza has a parade to celebrate the Fourth of July. This is called Anza Days and it is a festival the whole town celebrates, and people travel miles each year to see it.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Anza had a population of 3,014. The population density was 108.9 people per square mile (42.0/km²). The racial makeup of Anza was 2,411 (80.0%) White, 34 (1.1%) African American, 57 (1.9%) Native American, 36 (1.2%) Asian, 3 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 347 (11.5%) from other races, and 126 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 791 persons (26.2%).
The Census reported that 3,014 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 1,160 households, out of which 331 (28.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 592 (51.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 115 (9.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 67 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 84 (7.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 14 (1.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 294 households (25.3%) were made up of individuals and 106 (9.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60. There were 774 families (66.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.10.
The population was spread out with 679 people (22.5%) under the age of 18, 215 people (7.1%) aged 18 to 24, 620 people (20.6%) aged 25 to 44, 1,003 people (33.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 497 people (16.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.8 years. For every 100 females there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.
There were 1,508 housing units at an average density of 54.5 per square mile (21.0/km²), of which 830 (71.6%) were owner-occupied, and 330 (28.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.8%. 2,103 people (69.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 911 people (30.2%) lived in rental housing units.
- Judge Terwilliger, a judge who emigrated from Hemet to Anza during the settlement years.
- Red Skelton lived here until his death. He owned a horse ranch on Burnt Valley Road.
- U.S. Census
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Anza, California
- Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1389. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
- Climate Summary for Anza, California
- An historical marker of the location was placed by the Historical Landmarks Committee of the Native Sons of the Golden West approximately 7 miles southeast on Cary Ranch (60901 Coyote Canyon Road) in 1924. Johnson, Marael (1995). Why Stop? A Guide to California Roadside Historical Markers. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing Company. p. 213. ISBN 9780884159230. OCLC 32168093.
- Gudde, Erwin; William Bright (2004). California Place Names (Fourth ed. ed.). University of California Press. p. 15. ISBN 0-520-24217-3.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Anza CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- Skelton's ranch right side of Burnt Valley Rd. Aerial map
- Frederick, B. Legends and History of the San Jacinto Mountains.
- Holmes, S. History of Riverside County, California
- On-Line Community Website for the City of Anza
- A Historical Site Dedicated to the People and History of Anza, California